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Jeremiah 10:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Jehovah is the true God; he is the living God, and an everlasting King: at his wrath the earth trembleth, and the nations are not able to abide his indignation.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But the LORD is the true God; He is the living God and the everlasting King. At His wrath the earth quakes, And the nations cannot endure His indignation.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Jehovah Elohim is truth; he is the living God, and the King of eternity. At his wrath the earth trembleth, and the nations cannot abide his indignation.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, Yahweh, is God, in truth, He, is a God that, liveth, And a King of times age-abiding,—At his anger, quaketh the earth, And nations cannot endure, his wrath.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah [is] a God of truth, He [is] a living God, and a king age-during, From His wrath shake doth the earth, And nations endure not His indignation.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the Lord is the true God: he is the living God, and the everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his threatening.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the liuing God, and an euerlasting King: at his wrath the earth shal tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Yahweh [is] the true Elohim, he [is] the living Elohim, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[is] the true 571
{0571} Prime
אֱמֶת
'emeth
{eh'-meth}
Contracted from H0539; stability; figuratively certainty, truth, trustworthiness.
lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] the living 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
and an everlasting 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
king: 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
at his wrath 7110
{7110} Prime
קֶצֶף
qetseph
{keh'-tsef}
From H7107; a splinter (as chipped off); figuratively rage or strife.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
shall tremble, 7493
{7493} Prime
רָעַשׁ
ra`ash
{raw-ash'}
A primitive root; to undulate (as the earth, the sky, etc.; also a field of grain), particularly through fear; specifically to spring (as a locust).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and the nations 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be able to abide 3557
{3557} Prime
כּול
kuwl
{kool}
A primitive root; properly to keep in; hence to measure; figuratively to maintain (in various senses).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
his indignation. 2195
{2195} Prime
זַעַם
za`am
{zah'-am}
From H2194; strictly froth at the mouth, that is, (figuratively) fury (especially of God's displeasure with sin).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 10:10

_ _ true God — literally, “God Jehovah is truth”; not merely true, that is, veracious, but truth in the reality of His essence, as opposed to the “vanity” or emptiness which all idols are (Jeremiah 10:3, Jeremiah 10:8, Jeremiah 10:15; 2 Chronicles 15:3; Psalms 31:5; 1 John 5:20).

_ _ living God — (John 5:26; 1 Timothy 6:17). He hath life in Himself which no creature has. All else “live in Him” (Acts 17:28). In contrast to dead idols.

_ _ everlasting — (Psalms 10:16). In contrast to the temporary existence of all other objects of worship.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 10:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 10:10

But — All these are but false gods. Living — These are all but dead stocks and stones, Jehovah is the only living God, having life in himself, and giving life to all things else. An everlasting king — Time devours them all, but the true God is everlasting.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the LORD[YHWH]:

1 Kings 18:39 And when all the people saw [it], they fell on their faces: and they said, The LORD, he [is] the God; the LORD, he [is] the God.
2 Chronicles 15:3 Now for a long season Israel [hath been] without the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without law.
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God;
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.

true God:
Heb. God of truth,
Deuteronomy 32:4 [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.
Psalms 31:5 Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.
Psalms 100:5 For the LORD [is] good; his mercy [is] everlasting; and his truth [endureth] to all generations.
Psalms 146:6 Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein [is]: which keepeth truth for ever:

the living:

Jeremiah 23:36 And the burden of the LORD shall ye mention no more: for every man's word shall be his burden; for ye have perverted the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God.
Deuteronomy 5:26 For who [is there of] all flesh, that hath heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as we [have], and lived?
1 Samuel 17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who [is] this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
1 Samuel 17:36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
Psalms 42:2 My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
Psalms 84:2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
Isaiah 37:4 It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up [thy] prayer for the remnant that is left.
Isaiah 37:17 Incline thine ear, O LORD, and hear; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see: and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the living God.
Daniel 6:26 I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he [is] the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion [shall be even] unto the end.
Matthew 16:16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
Matthew 26:63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.
Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:
1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
Hebrews 10:31 [It is] a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

everlasting king:
Heb. King of eternity,
Psalms 10:16 The LORD [is] King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.
Psalms 93:2 Thy throne [is] established of old: thou [art] from everlasting.
Psalms 145:13 Thy kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and thy dominion [endureth] throughout all generations.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Daniel 4:3 How great [are] his signs! and how mighty [are] his wonders! his kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion [is] from generation to generation.
Daniel 4:34 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation:
Daniel 7:14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed.
1 Timothy 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

at:

Judges 5:4 LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.
Job 9:6 Which shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.
Psalms 18:7 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.
Psalms 68:11 The Lord gave the word: great [was] the company of those that published [it].
Psalms 77:18 The voice of thy thunder [was] in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.
Psalms 97:4 His lightnings enlightened the world: the earth saw, and trembled.
Psalms 104:32 He looketh on the earth, and it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, and they smoke.
Psalms 114:7 Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;
Micah 1:4 And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, [and] as the waters [that are] poured down a steep place.
Nahum 1:6 Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by him.
Habakkuk 3:6 He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways [are] everlasting.
Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw thee, [and] they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, [and] lifted up his hands on high.
Matthew 27:51-52 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; ... And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

the nations:

Psalms 76:7 Thou, [even] thou, [art] to be feared: and who may stand in thy sight when once thou art angry?
Psalms 90:11 Who knoweth the power of thine anger? even according to thy fear, [so is] thy wrath.
Joel 2:11 And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp [is] very great: for [he is] strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD [is] great and very terrible; and who can abide it?
Nahum 1:6 Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by him.
Malachi 3:2 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he [is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap:
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Dt 5:26; 32:4. Jg 5:4. 1S 17:26, 36. 1K 18:39. 2Ch 15:3. Jb 9:6. Ps 10:16; 18:7; 31:5; 42:2; 68:11; 76:7; 77:18; 84:2; 90:11; 93:2; 97:4; 100:5; 104:32; 114:7; 145:13; 146:6. Is 37:4, 17; 57:15. Jr 23:36. Dn 4:3, 34; 6:26; 7:14. Jol 2:11. Mi 1:4. Na 1:6. Hab 3:6, 10. Mal 3:2. Mt 16:16; 26:63; 27:51. Jn 17:3. Ac 14:15. 1Th 1:9. 1Ti 1:17; 6:17. He 10:31. 1Jn 5:20. Rv 20:11.

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