Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

James 5:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Murmur not, brethren, one against another, that ye be not judged: behold, the judge standeth before the doors.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not complain, brethren, against one another, so that you yourselves may not be judged; behold, the Judge is standing right at the door.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Complain not one against another, brethren, that ye be not judged. Behold, the judge stands before the door.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Be not sighing, brethren, one against another, lest ye be judged,—Lo! the Judge, before the doors, is standing.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— murmur not against one another, brethren, that ye may not be condemned; lo, the Judge before the door hath stood.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Grudge not, brethren, one against another, that you may not be judged. Behold the judge standeth before the door.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the Iudge standeth before the doore.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Groan not one against another, my brethren, that you be not judged; for, behold, the Judge standeth before the door.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Be not querulous one against another, my brethren, lest ye be judged: for lo, the judgment, standeth before the door.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Grudge 4727
{4727} Prime
στενάζω
stenazo
{sten-ad'-zo}
From G4728; to make (intransitively be) in straits, that is, (by implication) to sigh, murmur, pray inaudibly.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
one against another, 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
240
{0240} Prime
ἀλλήλων
allelon
{al-lay'-lone}
Genitive plural from G0243 reduplicated; one another. (Sometimes with G3326 or G4314.).
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
lest 3363
{3363} Prime
ἵνα με
hina me
{hin'-ah may}
That is, G2443 and G3361; in order (or so) that not.
ye be condemned: 2632
{2632} Prime
κατακρίνω
katakrino
{kat-ak-ree'-no}
From G2596 and G2919; to judge against, that is, sentence.
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
behold, 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
judge 2923
{2923} Prime
κριτής
krites
{kree-tace'}
From G2919; a judge (generally or specifically).
standeth 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
before 4253
{4253} Prime
πρό
pro
{pro}
A primary preposition; 'fore', that is, in front of, prior (figuratively superior) to. In compounds it retains the same significations.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
door. 2374
{2374} Prime
θύρα
thura
{thoo'-rah}
Apparently a primary word (compare 'door'); a portal or entrance (the opening or the closure, literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 5:9

_ _ Grudge not — rather “Murmur not”; “grumble not.” The Greek is literally, “groan”: a half-suppressed murmur of impatience and harsh judgment, not uttered aloud or freely. Having exhorted them to patience in bearing wrongs from the wicked, he now exhorts them to a forbearing spirit as to the offenses given by brethren. Christians, who bear the former patiently, sometimes are impatient at the latter, though much less grievous.

_ _ lest ... condemned — The best manuscript authorities read, “judged.” James refers to Matthew 7:1, “Judge not lest ye be judged.” To “murmur against one another” is virtually to judge, and so to become liable to be judged.

_ _ judge ... before the door — referring to Matthew 24:33. The Greek is the same in both passages, and so ought to be translated here as there, “doors,” plural. The phrase means “near at hand” (Genesis 4:7), which in the oldest interpretations [Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem] is explained, “thy sin is reserved unto the judgment of the world to come.” Compare “the everlasting doors” (Psalms 24:7, whence He shall come forth). The Lord’s coming to destroy Jerusalem is primarily referred to; and ultimately, His coming again visibly to judgment.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 5:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 5:9

Murmur not one against another — Have patience also with each other. The judge standeth before the door — Hearing every word, marking every thought.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 5:9

(4) (d) Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: (5) behold, the judge standeth before the door.

(4) He commends Christian patience, for that which others through impatience use to accuse one another, the faithful on the other hand, do not complain though they receive injury.

(d) By grudging he means a certain inward complaining which indicates impatience. (5) The conclusion: The Lord is at the door and will defend his own and avenge his enemies, and therefore we do not need to trouble ourselves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Grudge not:
or, Groan not, or, grieve not,
James 4:11 Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of [his] brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge.
Leviticus 19:18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I [am] the LORD.
Psalms 59:15 Let them wander up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied.
Mark 6:19 Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed him; but she could not:
*marg.
2 Corinthians 9:7 Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, [so let him give]; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
Galatians 5:14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, [even] in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Galatians 5:26 Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.
1 Peter 4:9 Use hospitality one to another without grudging.

lest:

Matthew 6:14-15 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: ... But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Matthew 7:1-2 Judge not, that ye be not judged. ... For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.

the Judge:

Genesis 4:7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee [shall be] his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
Matthew 24:33 So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, [even] at the doors.
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
1 Corinthians 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
Revelation 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:7. Lv 19:18. Ps 59:15. Mt 6:14; 7:1; 24:33. Mk 6:19. 1Co 4:5; 10:11. 2Co 9:7. Ga 5:14, 26. Jm 4:11. 1P 4:9. Rv 3:20.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on James 5:9.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on James 5:9


Recent Chat Bible Comments