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James 5:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Your gold and your silver are rusted; and their rust shall be for a testimony against you, and shall eat your flesh as fire. Ye have laid up your treasure in the last days.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Your gold and your silver have rusted; and their rust will be a witness against you and will consume your flesh like fire. It is in the last days that you have stored up your treasure!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a testimony against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have amassed treasure for the last days.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Your gold and silver is eaten away, and their canker shall be for a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as fire. Ye have heaped up treasure in [the] last days.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Your gold and silver, have rusted away, and, their rust, shall be, witness against you, and shall eat your flesh, as fire! Ye have laid up treasure in days of extremity:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— your gold and silver have rotted, and the rust of them for a testimony shall be to you, and shall eat your flesh as fire. Ye made treasure in the last days!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Your gold and silver is cankered: and the rust of them shall be for a testimony against you and shall eat your flesh like fire. You have stored up to yourselves wrath against the last days.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Your gold and siluer is cankered, and the rust of them shall bee a witnesse against you, and shall eate your flesh as it were fire: ye haue heaped treasure together for the last dayes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and your gold and your silver rusteth, and the rust of them is for a witness against you, and is to eat your flesh. You have gathered fire for you for the last days!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and your gold and your silver have contracted rust; and the rust of them will be testimony against you; and it will eat your flesh. Ye have heaped up a fire to you against the latter days.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
gold 5557
{5557} Prime
χρυσός
chrusos
{khroo-sos'}
Perhaps from the base of G5530 (through the idea of the utility of the metal); gold; by extension a golden article, as an ornament or coin.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
silver 696
{0696} Prime
ἄργυρος
arguros
{ar'-goo-ros}
From ἀργός [[argos]] (shining); silver (the metal, in the articles or coin).
is cankered; 2728
{2728} Prime
κατιόω
katioo
{kat-ee-o'-o}
From G2596 and a derivative of G2447; to rust down, that is, corrode.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
rust 2447
{2447} Prime
ἰός
ios
{ee-os'}
Perhaps from εἶμι [[eimi]] (to go) or ἵημι [[hiemi]] (to send); rust (as if emitted by metals); also venom (as emitted by serpents).
of them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
shall be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
a x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
witness 3142
{3142} Prime
μαρτύριον
marturion
{mar-too'-ree-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of G3144; something evidential, that is, (generally) evidence given or (specifically) the Decalogue (in the sacred Tabernacle).
against y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
shall eat 5315
{5315} Prime
φάγω
phago
{fag'-o}
A primary verb (used as an alternate of G2068 in certain tenses); to eat (literally or figuratively).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
flesh 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
as it were 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
fire. 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
Ye have heaped treasure together 2343
{2343} Prime
θησαυρίζω
thesaurizo
{thay-sow-rid'-zo}
From G2344; to amass or reserve (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
for 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
days. 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 5:3

_ _ is cankered — “rusted through” [Alford].

_ _ rust ... witness against you — in the day of judgment; namely, that your riches were of no profit to any, lying unemployed and so contracting rust.

_ _ shall eat your flesh — The rust which once ate your riches, shall then gnaw your conscience, accompanied with punishment which shall prey upon your bodies for ever.

_ _ as ... fire — not with the slow process of rusting, but with the swiftness of consuming fire.

_ _ for the last days — Ye have heaped together, not treasures as ye suppose (compare Luke 12:19), but wrath against the last days, namely, the coming judgment of the Lord. Alford translates more literally, “In these last days (before the coming judgment) ye laid up (worldly) treasure” to no profit, instead of repenting and seeking salvation (see on James 5:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 5:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 5:3

The canker of them — Your perishing stores and motheaten garments. Will be a testimony against you — Of your having buried those talents in the earth, instead of improving them according to your Lord's will. And will eat your flesh as fire — Will occasion you as great torment as if fire were consuming your flesh. Ye have laid up treasure in the last days — When it is too late; when you have no time to enjoy them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cankered:

2 Timothy 2:17 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;

a witness:

Genesis 31:48 And Laban said, This heap [is] a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;
Genesis 31:52 This heap [be] witness, and [this] pillar [be] witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me, for harm.
Joshua 24:27 And Joshua said unto all the people, Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the LORD which he spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your God.
Job 16:8 And thou hast filled me with wrinkles, [which] is a witness [against me]: and my leanness rising up in me beareth witness to my face.

and shall:

Jeremiah 19:9 And I will cause them to eat the flesh of their sons and the flesh of their daughters, and they shall eat every one the flesh of his friend in the siege and straitness, wherewith their enemies, and they that seek their lives, shall straiten them.
Micah 3:3 Who also eat the flesh of my people, and flay their skin from off them; and they break their bones, and chop them in pieces, as for the pot, and as flesh within the caldron.
Revelation 17:16 And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.
Revelation 20:15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

Ye have:

Deuteronomy 32:33-34 Their wine [is] the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps. ... [Is] not this laid up in store with me, [and] sealed up among my treasures?
Job 14:16-17 For now thou numberest my steps: dost thou not watch over my sin? ... My transgression [is] sealed up in a bag, and thou sewest up mine iniquity.
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;

the last:

Genesis 49:1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you [that] which shall befall you in the last days.
Isaiah 2:2 And it shall come to pass in the last days, [that] the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.
Micah 4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, [that] the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.
Acts 2:17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 31:48, 52; 49:1. Dt 32:33. Jsh 24:27. Jb 14:16; 16:8. Is 2:2. Jr 19:9. Mi 3:3; 4:1. Ac 2:17. Ro 2:5. 2Ti 2:17. 2P 3:3. Rv 17:16; 20:15; 21:8.

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