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James 5:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— let him know, that he who converteth a sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall cover a multitude of sins.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let him know, that he who converteth a sinner from the error of his way will save a soul from death, and will hide a multitude of sins.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— let him know that he that brings back a sinner from [the] error of his way shall save a soul from death and shall cover a multitude of sins.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Be ye taking note—that, he that turneth back a sinner out of the error of his way—will save his soul out of death, and hide a multitude of sins.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— let him know that he who did turn back a sinner from the straying of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall cover a multitude of sins.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He must know that he who causeth a sinner to be converted from the error of his way shall save his soul from death and shall cover a multitude of sins.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let him know, that hee which conuerteth the sinner from the errour of his way, shall saue a soule from death, and shall hide a multitude of sinnes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— let him know, that he who turneth a sinner from the error of his way, saveth his soul from death, and hideth the multitude of his sins.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— let him know, that he who turneth the sinner from the error of his way, will resuscitate his soul from death, and will cover the multitude of his sins.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let y1097
[1097] Standard
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
him y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
know, 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he which converteth 1994
{1994} Prime
ἐπιστρέφω
epistrepho
{ep-ee-stref'-o}
From G1909 and G4762; to revert (literally, figuratively or morally).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
the sinner 268
{0268} Prime
ἁμαρτωλός
hamartolos
{ham-ar-to-los'}
From G0264; sinful, that is, a sinner.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the error 4106
{4106} Prime
πλάνη
plane
{plan'-ay}
Feminine of G4108 (as abstraction); objectively fraudulence; subjectively a straying from orthodoxy or piety.
of his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
way 3598
{3598} Prime
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
shall save 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
a soul 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
death, 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
shall hide 2572
{2572} Prime
καλύπτω
kalupto
{kal-oop'-to}
Akin to G2813 and G2928; to cover up (literally or figuratively).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
a multitude 4128
{4128} Prime
πλῆθος
plethos
{play'-thos}
From G4130; a fulness, that is, a large number, throng, populace.
of sins. 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 5:20

_ _ Let him — the converted.

_ _ know — for his comfort, and the encouragement of others to do likewise.

_ _ shall save — future. The salvation of the one so converted shall be manifested hereafter.

_ _ shall hide a multitude of sins — not his own, but the sins of the converted. The Greek verb in the middle voice requires this. Proverbs 10:12 refers to charity “covering” the sins of others before men; James to one’s effecting by the conversion of another that that other’s sins be covered before God, namely, with Christ’s atonement. He effects this by making the convert partaker in the Christian covenant for the remission of all sins. Though this hiding of sins was included in the previous “shall save,” James expresses it to mark in detail the greatness of the blessing conferred on the penitent through the converter’s instrumentality, and to incite others to the same good deed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 5:12-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 5:20

He shall save a soul — Of how much more value than the body! James 5:14. And hide a multitude of sins — Which shall no more, how many soever they are, be remembered to his condemnation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that he:

James 5:19 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him;

shall save:

Proverbs 11:30 The fruit of the righteous [is] a tree of life; and he that winneth souls [is] wise.
Romans 11:14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation [them which are] my flesh, and might save some of them.
1 Corinthians 9:22 To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all [men], that I might by all means save some.
1 Timothy 4:16 Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.
Philemon 1:19 I Paul have written [it] with mine own hand, I will repay [it]: albeit I do not say to thee how thou owest unto me even thine own self besides.

from death:

James 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
Proverbs 10:2 Treasures of wickedness profit nothing: but righteousness delivereth from death.
Proverbs 11:4 Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death.
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
Revelation 20:6 Blessed and holy [is] he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

hide:

Psalms 32:1 [[[A Psalm] of David, Maschil.]] Blessed [is he whose] transgression [is] forgiven, [whose] sin [is] covered.
Proverbs 10:12 Hatred stirreth up strifes: but love covereth all sins.
1 Peter 4:8 And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 32:1. Pv 10:2, 12; 11:4, 30. Jn 5:24. Ro 11:14. 1Co 9:22. 1Ti 4:16. Phm 1:19. Jm 1:15; 5:19. 1P 4:8. Rv 20:6.

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