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James 5:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Elijah was a man of like passions with us, and he prayed fervently that it might not rain; and it rained not on the earth for three years and six months.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it would not rain, and it did not rain on the earth for three years and six months.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Elijah was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Elias was a man of like passions to us, and he prayed with prayer that it should not rain; and it did not rain upon the earth three years and six months;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Elijah, was, a man, affected like us; and he earnestly prayed that there might be no moisture, and there was no moisture on the land, for three years and six months,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Elijah was a man like affected as we, and with prayer he did pray—not to rain, and it did not rain upon the land three years and six months;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Elias was a man passible like unto us: and with prayer he prayed that it might not rain upon the earth. And it rained not for three years and six months.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Elias was a man subiect to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not raine: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three yeeres and sixe monethes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Elia also was a man of suffering, as we; and he prayed that the rain should not fall upon the earth, and it fell not (for) three years and six months.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Elijah also was a man of sensations like us, and he prayed that rain might not descend upon the earth; and it descended not, for three years and six months.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Elias 2243
{2243} Prime
Ἠλίας
Helias
{hay-lee'-as}
Of Hebrew origin [H0452]; Helias (that is, Elijah), an Israelite.
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
a man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
subject to like passions x3663
(3663) Complement
ὁμοιοπαθής
homoiopathes
{hom-oy-op-ath-ace'}
From G3664 and the alternate of G3958; similarly affected.
as y3663
[3663] Standard
ὁμοιοπαθής
homoiopathes
{hom-oy-op-ath-ace'}
From G3664 and the alternate of G3958; similarly affected.
we x2254
(2254) Complement
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
are, y2254
[2254] Standard
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he prayed y4336
[4336] Standard
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
earnestly 4335
{4335} Prime
προσευχή
proseuche
{pros-yoo-khay'}
From G4336; prayer (worship); by implication an oratory (chapel).
x4336
(4336) Complement
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
that it might y1026
[1026] Standard
βρέχω
brecho
{brekh'-o}
A primary verb; to moisten (especially by a shower).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
rain: 1026
{1026} Prime
βρέχω
brecho
{brekh'-o}
A primary verb; to moisten (especially by a shower).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
it rained 1026
{1026} Prime
βρέχω
brecho
{brekh'-o}
A primary verb; to moisten (especially by a shower).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
by the space of three 5140
{5140} Prime
τρεῖς
treis
{trice}
A primary (plural) number; 'three'.
years 1763
{1763} Prime
ἐνιαυτός
eniautos
{en-ee-ow-tos'}
Prolonged from a primary word ἔνος [[enos]] (a year); a year.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
six 1803
{1803} Prime
ἕξ
hex
{hex}
A primary numeral; six.
months. 3376
{3376} Prime
μήν
men
{mane}
A primary word; a month.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 5:17

_ _ Elias ... like passions as we — therefore it cannot be said that he was so raised above us as to afford no example applicable to common mortals like ourselves.

_ _ prayed earnestly — literally, “prayed with prayer”: Hebraism for prayed intensely. Compare Luke 22:15, “With desire I have desired,” that is, earnestly desired. Alford is wrong in saying, Elias’ prayer that it might not rain “is not even hinted at in the Old Testament history.” In 1 Kings 17:1 it is plainly implied, “As the Lord God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.” His prophecy of the fact was according to a divine intimation given to him in answer to prayer. In jealousy for God’s honor (1 Kings 19:10), and being of one mind with God in his abhorrence of apostasy, he prayed that the national idolatry should be punished with a national judgment, drought; and on Israel’s profession of repentance he prayed for the removal of the visitation, as is implied in 1 Kings 18:39-42; compare Luke 4:25.

_ _ three years, etc. — Compare 1 Kings 18:1, “The third year,” namely, from Elijah’s going to Zarephath; the prophecy (James 5:1) was probably about five or six months previously.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 5:12-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 5:17

Elijah was a man of like passions — Naturally as weak and sinful as we are. And he prayed — When idolatry covered the land.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Elias:

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, [who was] of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, [As] the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.
, Elijah

subject:

Acts 10:26 But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.
Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:

and he:

Romans 11:2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,
Revelation 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

earnestly:
or, in prayer

and it rained not:

Luke 4:25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;
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1K 17:1. Lk 4:25. Ac 10:26; 14:15. Ro 11:2. Rv 11:6.

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