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James 5:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, we call them blessed that endured: ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord, how that the Lord is full of pity, and merciful.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— We count those blessed who endured. You have heard of the endurance of Job and have seen the outcome of the Lord’s dealings, that the Lord is full of compassion and [is] merciful.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, we count them happy who endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold, we call them blessed who have endured. Ye have heard of the endurance of Job, and seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is full of tender compassion and pitiful.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! we pronounce them happy who have endured;—Of the endurance of Job, ye have heard, and, the end of the Lord, have ye seen,—that, of much tender affection, is the Lord, and full of compassion,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— lo, we call happy those who are enduring; the endurance of Job ye heard of, and the end of the Lord ye have seen, that very compassionate is the Lord, and pitying.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold, we account them blessed who have endured. You have heard of the patience of Job and you have seen the end of the Lord, that the Lord is merciful and compassionate.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Beholde, wee count them happie which endure. Ye haue heard of the patience of Iob, and haue seene the end of the Lord: that the Lord is very pitifull and of tender mercie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For, behold, we give blessedness to them who have endured. You have heard of the patience of Iob, and the end which the Lord wrought for him you have seen; because that merciful is the Lord and compassionate.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For lo, we ascribe blessedness to them who have borne suffering. Ye have heard of the patience of Job; and ye have seen the result which the Lord wrought for him: for the Lord is merciful and compassionate.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
we count them happy 3106
{3106} Prime
μακαρίζω
makarizo
{mak-ar-id'-zo}
From G3107; to beatify, that is, pronounce (or esteem) fortunate.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
which endure. 5278
{5278} Prime
ὑπομένω
hupomeno
{hoop-om-en'-o}
From G5259 and G3306; to stay under (behind), that is, remain; figuratively to undergo, that is, bear (trials), have fortitude, persevere.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Ye have heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
patience 5281
{5281} Prime
ὑπομονή
hupomone
{hoop-om-on-ay'}
From G5278; cheerful (or hopeful) endurance, constancy.
of Job, 2492
{2492} Prime
Ἰώβ
Iob
{ee-obe'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0347]; Job (that is, Ijob), a patriarch.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
have seen 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
end 5056
{5056} Prime
τέλος
telos
{tel'-os}
From a primary word τέλλω [[tello]] (to set out for a definite point or goal); properly the point aimed at as a limit, that is, (by implication) the conclusion of an act or state (termination [literally, figuratively or indefinitely], result [immediate, ultimate or prophetic], purpose); specifically an impost or levy (as paid).
of the Lord; 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
very pitiful, 4184
{4184} Prime
πολύσπλαγχνος
polusplagchnos
{pol-oo'-splankh-nos}
From G4183 and G4698 (figuratively), extremely compassionate.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of tender mercy. 3629
{3629} Prime
οἰκτίρμων
oiktirmon
{oyk-tir'-mone}
From G3627; compassionate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 5:11

_ _ count them happy — (Matthew 5:10).

_ _ which endure — The oldest authorities read, “which have endured,” which suits the sense better than English Version: “Those who in past days, like the prophets and Job, have endured trials.” Such, not those who “have lived in pleasure and been wanton on the earth” (James 5:5), are “happy.”

_ _ patience — rather, “endurance,” answering to “endure”: the Greek words similarly corresponding. Distinct from the Greek word for “patience” James 5:10. The same word ought to be translated, “endurance,” James 1:3. He here reverts to the subject which he began with.

_ _ Job — This passage shows the history of him is concerning a real, not an imaginary person; otherwise his case could not be quoted as an example at all. Though he showed much of impatience, yet he always returned to this, that he committed himself wholly to God, and at last showed a perfect spirit of enduring submission.

_ _ and have seen — (with the eyes of your mind). Alford translates from the old and genuine reading, “see also,” etc. The old reading is, however, capable of being translated as English Version.

_ _ the end of the Lord — the end which the Lord gave. If Job had much to “endure,” remember also Job’s happy “end.” Hence, learn, though much tried, to “endure to the end.”

_ _ that — Alford and others translate, “inasmuch as,” “for.”

_ _ pitiful ... of tender mercy — The former refers to the “feeling”; the latter, to the act. His pity is shown in not laying on the patient endurer more trials than he is able to bear; His mercy, in His giving a happy “end” to the trials [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 5:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 5:11

We count them happy that endured — That suffered patiently. The more they once suffered, the greater is their present happiness. Ye have seen the end of the Lord — The end which the Lord gave him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 5:11

Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the (e) end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.

(e) What end the Lord gave.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we count:

James 1:12 Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
Psalms 94:12 Blessed [is] the man whom thou chastenest, O LORD, and teachest him out of thy law;
Matthew 5:10-11 Blessed [are] they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. ... Blessed are ye, when [men] shall revile you, and persecute [you], and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
Matthew 10:22 And ye shall be hated of all [men] for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.
Hebrews 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
Hebrews 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
Hebrews 10:39 But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.

Ye:

Job 1:21-2:9 And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD. ... Then said his wife unto him, Dost thou still retain thine integrity? curse God, and die.
Job 2:10 But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.
Job 13:15-16 Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain mine own ways before him. ... He also [shall be] my salvation: for an hypocrite shall not come before him.
Job 23:10 But he knoweth the way that I take: [when] he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

and have:

Job 42:10-17 And the LORD turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his friends: also the LORD gave Job twice as much as he had before. ... So Job died, [being] old and full of days.
Psalms 37:37 Mark the perfect [man], and behold the upright: for the end of [that] man [is] peace.
Ecclesiastes 7:8 Better [is] the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: [and] the patient in spirit [is] better than the proud in spirit.
1 Peter 1:6-7 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: ... That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
1 Peter 1:13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
2 Peter 2:9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:

the Lord is:

Exodus 34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,
Numbers 14:18 The LORD [is] longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing [the guilty], visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation].
1 Chronicles 21:13 And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for very great [are] his mercies: but let me not fall into the hand of man.
2 Chronicles 30:9 For if ye turn again unto the LORD, your brethren and your children [shall find] compassion before them that lead them captive, so that they shall come again into this land: for the LORD your God [is] gracious and merciful, and will not turn away [his] face from you, if ye return unto him.
Nehemiah 9:17 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou [art] a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
Nehemiah 9:31 Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou [art] a gracious and merciful God.
Psalms 25:6-7 Remember, O LORD, thy tender mercies and thy lovingkindnesses; for they [have been] ever of old. ... Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to thy mercy remember thou me for thy goodness' sake, O LORD.
Psalms 51:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.]] Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.
Psalms 78:38 But he, [being] full of compassion, forgave [their] iniquity, and destroyed [them] not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.
Psalms 86:5 For thou, Lord, [art] good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
Psalms 86:15 But thou, O Lord, [art] a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
Psalms 103:8 The LORD [is] merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy.
Psalms 103:13 Like as a father pitieth [his] children, [so] the LORD pitieth them that fear him.
Psalms 116:5 Gracious [is] the LORD, and righteous; yea, our God [is] merciful.
Psalms 119:132 Look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me, as thou usest to do unto those that love thy name.
Psalms 136:1-26 O give thanks unto the LORD; for [he is] good: for his mercy [endureth] for ever. ... O give thanks unto the God of heaven: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.
Psalms 145:8 The LORD [is] gracious, and full of compassion; slow to anger, and of great mercy.
Isaiah 55:6-7 Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: ... Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.
Isaiah 63:7 I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, [and] the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.
Isaiah 63:9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old.
Lamentations 3:22 [It is of] the LORD'S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.
Daniel 9:9 To the Lord our God [belong] mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;
Daniel 9:18-19 O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great mercies. ... O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.
Joel 2:13 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he [is] gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.
Jonah 4:2 And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD, [was] not this my saying, when I was yet in my country? Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish: for I knew that thou [art] a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil.
Micah 7:18 Who [is] a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth [in] mercy.
Luke 1:50 And his mercy [is] on them that fear him from generation to generation.
Luke 6:36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.
Romans 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
Ephesians 2:4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us,
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Ex 34:6. Nu 14:18. 1Ch 21:13. 2Ch 30:9. Ne 9:17, 31. Jb 1:21; 2:10; 13:15; 23:10; 42:10. Ps 25:6; 37:37; 51:1; 78:38; 86:5, 15; 94:12; 103:8, 13; 116:5; 119:132; 136:1; 145:8. Ec 7:8. Is 55:6; 63:7, 9. Lm 3:22. Dn 9:9, 18. Jol 2:13. Jna 4:2. Mi 7:18. Mt 5:10; 10:22. Lk 1:50; 6:36. Ro 2:4. Ep 1:6; 2:4. He 3:6, 14; 10:39. Jm 1:12. 1P 1:6, 13. 2P 2:9.

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