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James 4:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Be subject therefore unto God; but resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Submit therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Subject yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Range yourselves, therefore, under God, but withstand the adversary, and he will flee from you:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— be subject, then, to God; stand up against the devil, and he will flee from you;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be subject therefore to God. But resist the devil: and he will fly from you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Submit your selues therefore to God: resist the deuill, and hee will flee from you.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— BE subject, therefore, unto Aloha; withstand Satana, and he will flee from you;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Subject yourselves therefore to God; and stand firm against Satan, and he will flee from you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Submit x5293
(5293) Complement
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
yourselves y5293
[5293] Standard
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
<5649> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 9
therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
to God. 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Resist 436
{0436} Prime
From G0473 and G2476; to stand against, that is, oppose.
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
devil, 1228
{1228} Prime
From G1225; a traducer; specifically Satan (compare [H7854]).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he will flee 5343
{5343} Prime
Apparently a primary verb; to run away (literally or figuratively); by implication to shun; by analogy to vanish.
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
from 575
{0575} Prime
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
you. 5216
{5216} Prime
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 4:7

_ _ Submit to ... God — so ye shall be among “the humble,” James 4:6; also James 4:10; 1 Peter 5:6.

_ _ Resist ... devil — Under his banner pride and envy are enlisted in the world; resist his temptations to these. Faith, humble prayers, and heavenly wisdom, are the weapons of resistance. The language is taken from warfare. “Submit” as a good soldier puts himself in complete subjection to his captain. “Resist,” stand bravely against.

_ _ he will flee — Translate, “he shall flee.” For it is a promise of God, not a mere assurance from man to man [Alford]. He shall flee worsted as he did from Christ.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 4:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 4:7

Therefore by humbly submitting yourselves to God, resist the devil — The father of pride and envy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 4:7

(5) Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

(5) The conclusion: We must set the positive virtues against those vices, and therefore whereas we obeyed the suggestions of the devil, we must submit our minds to God and resist the devil with a certain and assured hope of victory. In short, we must endeavour to come near to God by purity and sincerity of life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Samuel 3:18 And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, It [is] the LORD: let him do what seemeth him good.
2 Samuel 15:26 But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, [here am] I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him.
2 Kings 1:13-15 And he sent again a captain of the third fifty with his fifty. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and fell on his knees before Elijah, and besought him, and said unto him, O man of God, I pray thee, let my life, and the life of these fifty thy servants, be precious in thy sight. ... And the angel of the LORD said unto Elijah, Go down with him: be not afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him unto the king.
2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be ye not stiffnecked, as your fathers [were, but] yield yourselves unto the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary, which he hath sanctified for ever: and serve the LORD your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you.
2 Chronicles 33:12-13 And when he was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers, ... And prayed unto him: and he was intreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD he [was] God.
Job 1:21 And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD.
Job 40:3-5 Then Job answered the LORD, and said, ... Once have I spoken; but I will not answer: yea, twice; but I will proceed no further.
Job 42:1-6 Then Job answered the LORD, and said, ... Wherefore I abhor [myself], and repent in dust and ashes.
Psalms 32:3-5 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long. ... I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah.
Psalms 66:3 Say unto God, How terrible [art thou in] thy works! through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies submit themselves unto thee.
Psalms 68:30 Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one] submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people [that] delight in war.
Jeremiah 13:18 Say unto the king and to the queen, Humble yourselves, sit down: for your principalities shall come down, [even] the crown of your glory.
Daniel 4:25 That they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and they shall wet thee with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
Daniel 4:32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
Daniel 4:34-37 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation: ... Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.
Matthew 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
Acts 9:6 And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And the Lord [said] unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do.
Acts 16:29-31 Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas, ... And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.
Acts 26:19 Whereupon, O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision:
Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
Romans 14:11 For it is written, [As] I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
Ephesians 5:21 Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God.
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected [us], and we gave [them] reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?
1 Peter 2:13 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;


Matthew 4:3-11 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. ... Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
Luke 4:2-13 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered. ... And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.
Ephesians 4:27 Neither give place to the devil.
Ephesians 6:11-12 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. ... For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high [places].
1 Peter 5:8-9 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour: ... Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world.
Revelation 12:9-11 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. ... And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 3:18. 2S 15:26. 2K 1:13. 2Ch 30:8; 33:12. Jb 1:21; 40:3; 42:1. Ps 32:3; 66:3; 68:30. Jr 13:18. Dn 4:25, 32, 34. Mt 4:3; 11:29. Lk 4:2. Ac 9:6; 16:29; 26:19. Ro 10:3; 14:11. Ep 4:27; 5:21; 6:11. He 12:9. 1P 2:13; 5:8. Rv 12:9.

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