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James 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— One [only] is the lawgiver and judge, [even] he who is able to save and to destroy: but who art thou that judgest thy neighbor?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— There is [only] one Lawgiver and Judge, the One who is able to save and to destroy; but who are you who judge your neighbor?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— There is one lawgiver, who is able to save, and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— One is the lawgiver and judge, who is able to save and to destroy: but who art *thou* who judgest thy neighbour?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— One, is Lawgiver and Judge—He who hath power to save and to destroy; but who art, thou, that judgest thy neighbour?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— one is the lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy; thou—who art thou that dost judge the other?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— There is one lawgiver and judge, that is able to destroy and to deliver.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— There is one Lawgiuer, who is able to saue, and to destroy: who art thou that iudgest another?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For one is the appointer of the law and the Judge, who can save and destroy. But thou, who art thou, who judgest thy neighbour?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— There is one Law-giver and Judge, who can make alive, and [can] destroy: but who art thou, that thou judgest thy neighbor?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
There is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
lawgiver, 3550
{3550} Prime
νομοθέτης
nomothetes
{nom-oth-et'-ace}
From G3551 and a derivative of G5087; a legislator.
who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is able 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
to save 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to destroy: 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
that 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
judgest 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
another? 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 4:12

_ _ There is one lawgiver — The best authorities read in addition, “and judge.” Translate, “There is One (alone) who is (at once) Lawgiver and Judge, (namely) He who is able to save and destroy.” Implying, God alone is Lawgiver and therefore Judge, since it is He alone who can execute His judgments; our inability in this respect shows our presumption in trying to act as judges, as though we were God.

_ _ who art thou, etc. — The order in the Greek is emphatic, “But (inserted in oldest manuscripts) thou, who art thou that judgest another?” How rashly arrogant in judging thy fellows, and wresting from God the office which belongs to Him over thee and THEM alike!

_ _ another — The oldest authorities read, “thy neighbor.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 4:11-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 4:12

There is one lawgiver that is able — To execute the sentence he denounces. But who art thou — A poor, weak, dying worm.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
lawgiver:

Isaiah 33:22 For the LORD [is] our judge, the LORD [is] our lawgiver, the LORD [is] our king; he will save us.

able:

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
Hebrews 7:25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

who:

1 Samuel 25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who [is] David? and who [is] the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master.
Job 38:2 Who [is] this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?
Romans 2:1 Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things.
Romans 9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus?
Romans 14:4 Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.
Romans 14:13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in [his] brother's way.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 25:10. Jb 38:2. Is 33:22. Mt 10:28. Lk 12:5. Ro 2:1; 9:20; 14:4, 13. He 7:25.

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