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James 3:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therewith bless we the Lord and Father; and therewith curse we men, who are made after the likeness of God:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— With it we bless [our] Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made in the likeness of God;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— With this we bless God, even the Father; and with this we curse men, who are made after the similitude of God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Therewith bless we the Lord and Father, and therewith curse we men made after [the] likeness of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therewith, are we blessing our Lord and Father, and, therewith, we are cursing the men who, after the likeness of God, have been brought into being!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— with it we do bless the God and Father, and with it we do curse the men made according to the similitude of God;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By it we bless God and the Father: and by it we curse men who are made after the likeness of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therewith blesse wee God, euen the Father: and therewith curse wee men, which are made after the similitude of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For by it we bless the Lord and the Father, and by it we curse men who in the likeness of Aloha were made;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For with it, we bless the Lord and Father; and with it we curse men, who were made in the image of God:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therewith 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
bless x2127
(2127) Complement
εὐλογέω
eulogeo
{yoo-log-eh'-o}
From a compound of G2095 and G3056; to speak well of, that is, (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper).
we y2127
[2127] Standard
εὐλογέω
eulogeo
{yoo-log-eh'-o}
From a compound of G2095 and G3056; to speak well of, that is, (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the Father; 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
therewith 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
curse x2672
(2672) Complement
καταράομαι
kataraomai
{kat-ar-ah'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G2671; to execrate; by analogy to doom.
we y2672
[2672] Standard
καταράομαι
kataraomai
{kat-ar-ah'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G2671; to execrate; by analogy to doom.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
men, 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
are made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5756
<5756> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 43
after 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the similitude 3669
{3669} Prime
ὁμοίωσις
homoiosis
{hom-oy'-o-sis}
From G3666; assimilation, that is, resemblance.
of God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 3:9

_ _ God — The oldest authorities read, “Lord.” “Him who is Lord and Father.” The uncommonness of the application of “Lord” to the Father, doubtless caused the change in modern texts to “God” (James 1:27). But as Messiah is called “Father,” Isaiah 9:6, so God the Father is called by the Son’s title, “Lord”: showing the unity of the Godhead. “Father” implies His paternal love; “Lord,” His dominion.

_ _ men, which — not “men who”; for what is meant is not particular men, but men genetically [Alford].

_ _ are made after ... similitude of God — Though in a great measure man has lost the likeness of God in which he was originally made, yet enough of it still remains to show what once it was, and what in regenerated and restored man it shall be. We ought to reverence this remnant and earnest of what man shall be in ourselves and in others. “Absalom has fallen from his father’s favor, but the people still recognize him to be the king’s son” [Bengel]. Man resembles in humanity the Son of man, “the express image of His person” (Hebrews 1:3), compare Genesis 1:26; 1 John 4:20. In the passage, Genesis 1:26, “image” and “likeness” are distinct: “image,” according to the Alexandrians, was something in which men were created, being common to all, and continuing to man after the fall, while the “likeness” was something toward which man was created, to strive after and attain it: the former marks man’s physical and intellectual, the latter his moral pre-eminence.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 3:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 3:9

Men made after the likeness of God — Indeed we have now lost this likeness; yet there remains from thence an indelible nobleness, which we ought to reverence both in ourselves and others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 3:9

(6) Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the (7) similitude of God.

(6) Among other faults of the tongue, the apostle chiefly reproves slandering and speaking evil of our neighbours, even in those especially who otherwise will seem godly and religious. (7) He denies by two reasons, that God can be praised by the man who uses cursed speaking, or slandering: first because man is the image of God and whoever does not reverence him, does not honour God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Therewith:

Psalms 16:9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope.
Psalms 30:12 To the end that [my] glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.
Psalms 35:28 And my tongue shall speak of thy righteousness [and] of thy praise all the day long.
Psalms 51:14 Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: [and] my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.
Psalms 57:8 Awake up, my glory; awake, psaltery and harp: I [myself] will awake early.
Psalms 62:4 They only consult to cast [him] down from his excellency: they delight in lies: they bless with their mouth, but they curse inwardly. Selah.
Psalms 71:24 My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long: for they are confounded, for they are brought unto shame, that seek my hurt.
Psalms 108:1 [[A Song [or] Psalm of David.]] O God, my heart is fixed; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory.
Acts 2:26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:

bless:

1 Chronicles 29:10 Wherefore David blessed the LORD before all the congregation: and David said, Blessed [be] thou, LORD God of Israel our father, for ever and ever.
1 Chronicles 29:20 And David said to all the congregation, Now bless the LORD your God. And all the congregation blessed the LORD God of their fathers, and bowed down their heads, and worshipped the LORD, and the king.
Psalms 34:1 [[[A Psalm] of David, when he changed his behaviour before Abimelech; who drove him away, and he departed.]] I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise [shall] continually [be] in my mouth.
Psalms 63:4 Thus will I bless thee while I live: I will lift up my hands in thy name.
Psalms 145:1 [[David's [Psalm] of praise.]] I will extol thee, my God, O king; and I will bless thy name for ever and ever.
Psalms 145:21 My mouth shall speak the praise of the LORD: and let all flesh bless his holy name for ever and ever.
Isaiah 29:13 Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near [me] with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:
1 Peter 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

therewith curse:

Judges 9:27 And they went out into the fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode [the grapes], and made merry, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech.
2 Samuel 16:5 And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name [was] Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came.
2 Samuel 19:21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD'S anointed?
Psalms 10:7 His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue [is] mischief and vanity.
Psalms 59:12 [For] the sin of their mouth [and] the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying [which] they speak.
Psalms 109:17-18 As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him. ... As he clothed himself with cursing like as with his garment, so let it come into his bowels like water, and like oil into his bones.
Ecclesiastes 7:22 For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others.
Matthew 5:44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
Matthew 26:74 Then began he to curse and to swear, [saying], I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.
Romans 3:14 Whose mouth [is] full of cursing and bitterness:

made:

Genesis 1:26-27 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. ... So God created man in his [own] image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Genesis 5:1 This [is] the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;
Genesis 9:6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.
1 Corinthians 11:7 For a man indeed ought not to cover [his] head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:26; 5:1; 9:6. Jg 9:27. 2S 16:5; 19:21. 1Ch 29:10, 20. Ps 10:7; 16:9; 30:12; 34:1; 35:28; 51:14; 57:8; 59:12; 62:4; 63:4; 71:24; 108:1; 109:17; 145:1, 21. Ec 7:22. Is 29:13. Mt 5:44; 26:74. Ac 2:26. Ro 3:14. 1Co 11:7. Ep 1:3. 1P 1:3.

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