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James 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by rough winds, are yet turned about by a very small rudder, whither the impulse of the steersman willeth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold also the ships, which though [they be] so great, and [are] driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Look at the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by strong winds, are still directed by a very small rudder wherever the inclination of the pilot desires.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold also the ships, which though they are so great, and [are] driven by fierce winds, yet they are turned about with a very small helm, withersoever the governor willeth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold also the ships, which are so great, and driven by violent winds, are turned about by a very small rudder, wherever the pleasure of the helmsman will.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! the ships also, large as they are, and, by rough winds, driven along, are turned about by a very small helm, whithersoever the impulse of the steersman inclineth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— lo, also the ships, being so great, and by fierce winds being driven, are led about by a very small helm, whithersoever the impulse of the helmsman doth counsel,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold also ships, whereas they are great and are driven by strong winds, yet are they turned about with a small helm, whithersoever the force of the governor willeth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold also the ships, which though they be so great, and are driuen of fierce windes, yet are they turned about with a very small helme, whithersoeuer the gouernour listeth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Also the mighty ships, while the furious winds drive them, by a little wood are turned about to the region which the will of him who guideth doth contemplate.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Huge ships also, when strong winds drive them, are turned about by a small timber, to what place the pleasure of the pilot looketh.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
ships, 4143
{4143} Prime
πλοῖον
ploion
{ploy'-on}
From G4126; a sailer, that is, vessel.
which though [they be] 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
so great, 5082
{5082} Prime
τηλικοῦτος
telikoutos
{tay-lik-oo'-tos}
Masculine and feminine; from a compound of G3588 with G2245 and G3778; such as this, that is, (in [figuratively] magnitude) so vast.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[are] driven 1643
{1643} Prime
ἐλαύνω
elauno
{el-ow'-no}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (obsolete except in certain tenses as an alternate of this) of uncertain affinity; to push (as wind, oars or daemoniacal power).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
of 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
fierce 4642
{4642} Prime
σκληρός
skleros
{sklay-ros'}
From the base of G4628; dry, that is, hard or tough (figuratively harsh, severe).
winds, 417
{0417} Prime
ἄνεμος
anemos
{an'-em-os}
From the base of G0109; wind; (plural) by implication (the four) quarters (of the earth).
yet are they turned about 3329
{3329} Prime
μετάγω
metago
{met-ag'-o}
From G3326 and G0071; to lead over, that is, transfer (direct).
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
with 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
a very small 1646
{1646} Prime
ἐλάχιστος
elachistos
{el-akh'-is-tos}
The superlative of ἔλαχυς [[elachus]] (short); used as equivalent to G3398; least (in size, amount, dignity, etc.).
helm, 4079
{4079} Prime
πηδάλιον
pedalion
{pay-dal'-ee-on}
Neuter of a (presumed) derivative of πηδόν [[pedon]] (the blade of an oar; from the same as G3976); a 'pedal', that is, helm.
whithersoever 3699
{3699} Prime
ὅπου
hopou
{hop'-oo}
From G3739 and G4225; what (-ever) where, that is, at whichever spot.
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
governor 2116
{2116} Prime
εὐθύνω
euthuno
{yoo-thoo'-no}
From G2117; to straighten (level); technically to steer.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
x3730
(3730) Complement
ὁρμή
horme
{hor-may'}
Of uncertain affinity; a violent impulse, that is, onset.
listeth. 1014
{1014} Prime
βούλομαι
boulomai
{boo'-lom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to 'will', that is, (reflexively) be willing.
y3730
[3730] Standard
ὁρμή
horme
{hor-may'}
Of uncertain affinity; a violent impulse, that is, onset.
z5741
<5741> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 40
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 3:4

_ _ Not only animals, but even ships.

_ _ the governor listeth — literally, “the impulse of the steersman pleaseth.” The feeling which moves the tongue corresponds with this.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 3:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are driven:

Psalms 107:25-27 For he commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind, which lifteth up the waves thereof. ... They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wits' end.
Jonah 1:4 But the LORD sent out a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken.
Matthew 8:24 And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep.
Acts 27:14-38 But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon. ... And when they had eaten enough, they lightened the ship, and cast out the wheat into the sea.
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Ps 107:25. Jna 1:4. Mt 8:24. Ac 27:14.

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