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James 3:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without variance, without hypocrisy.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But the wisdom from above first is pure, then peaceful, gentle, yielding, full of mercy and good fruits, unquestioning, unfeigned.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, the wisdom from above, is—first pure, then peaceable, reasonable, easy to be entreated, fraught with mercy and good fruits, without partiality, without hypocrisy.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the wisdom from above, first, indeed, is pure, then peaceable, gentle, easily entreated, full of kindness and good fruits, uncontentious, and unhypocritical:—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the wisdom that is from above, first indeed is chaste, then peaceable, modest, easy to be persuaded, consenting to the good, full of mercy and good fruits, without judging, without dissimulation.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the wisedome that is from aboue, is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easie to be intreated, full of mercy, and good fruits, without partialitie, and without hypocrisie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But the wisdom that is from above is pure, and full of peace, and meekness, and obedience, and full of mercies and good fruits, and is without division, and faces accepteth not.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But the wisdom which is from above, is pure, and full of peace, and mild, and submissive, and full of compassion and of good fruits, and without partiality, and without respect of persons.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wisdom 4678
{4678} Prime
σοφία
sophia
{sof-ee'-ah}
From G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual).
that is from above 509
{0509} Prime
ἄνωθεν
anothen
{an'-o-then}
From G0507; from above; by analogy from the first; by implication anew.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
first 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
x3303
(3303) Complement
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
pure, 53
{0053} Prime
ἁγνός
hagnos
{hag-nos'}
From the same as G0040; properly clean, that is, (figuratively) innocent, modest, perfect.
y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
then 1899
{1899} Prime
ἔπειτα
epeita
{ep'-i-tah}
From G1909 and G1534; thereafter.
peaceable, 1516
{1516} Prime
εἰρηνικός
eirenikos
{i-ray-nee-kos'}
From G1515; pacific; by implication salutary.
gentle, 1933
{1933} Prime
ἐπιεικής
epieikes
{ep-ee-i-kace'}
From G1909 and G1503; appropriate, that is, (by implication) mild.
[and] easy to be intreated, 2138
{2138} Prime
εὐπειθής
eupeithes
{yoo-pi-thace'}
From G2095 and G3982; good for persuasion, that is, (intransitively) compliant.
full 3324
{3324} Prime
μεστός
mestos
{mes-tos'}
Of uncertain derivative; replete (literally or figuratively).
of mercy 1656
{1656} Prime
ἔλεος
eleos
{el'-eh-os}
Of uncertain affinity; compassion (human or divine, especially active).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
good 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
fruits, 2590
{2590} Prime
καρπός
karpos
{kar-pos'}
Probably from the base of G0726; fruit (as plucked), literally or figuratively.
without partiality, 87
{0087} Prime
ἀδιάκριτος
adiakritos
{ad-ee-ak'-ree-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G1252; properly undistinguished, that is, (actively) impartial.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
without hypocrisy. 505
{0505} Prime
ἀνυπόκριτος
anupokritos
{an-oo-pok'-ree-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of G5271; undissembled, that is, sincere.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 3:17

_ _ first pure — literally, “chaste,” “sanctified”: pure from all that is “earthly, sensual (animal), devilish” (James 3:15). This is put, “first of all,” before “peaceable” because there is an unholy peace with the world which makes no distinction between clean and unclean. Compare “undefiled” and “unspotted from the world,” James 1:27; James 4:4, James 4:8, “purify ... hearts”; 1 Peter 1:22, “purified ... souls” (the same Greek). Ministers must not preach before a purifying change of heart, “Peace,” where there is no peace. Seven (the perfect number) characteristic peculiarities of true wisdom are enumerated. Purity or sanctity is put first because it has respect both to God and to ourselves; the six that follow regard our fellow men. Our first concern is to have in ourselves sanctity; our second, to be at peace with men.

_ _ gentle — “forbearing”; making allowances for others; lenient towards neighbors, as to the DUTIES they owe us.

_ _ easy to be entreated — literally, “easily persuaded,” tractable; not harsh as to a neighbor’s FAULTS.

_ _ full of mercy — as to a neighbor’s MISERIES.

_ _ good fruits — contrasted with “every evil work,” James 3:16.

_ _ without partiality — recurring to the warning against partial “respect to persons,” James 2:1, James 2:4, James 2:9. Alford translates as the Greek is translated, James 1:6, “wavering,” “without doubting.” But thus there would be an epithet referring to one’s self inserted amidst those referring to one’s conduct towards others. English Version is therefore better.

_ _ without hypocrisy — Not as Alford explains from James 1:22, James 1:26, “Without deceiving yourselves” with the name without the reality of religion. For it must refer, like the rest of the six epithets, to our relations to others; our peaceableness and mercy towards others must be “without dissimulation.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 3:13-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 3:17

But the wisdom from above is first pure — From all that is earthly, natural, devilish. Then peaceable — True peace attending purity, it is quiet, inoffensive. Gentle — Soft, mild, yielding, not rigid. Easy to he entreated — To be persuaded, or convinced; not stubborn, sour, or morose. Full of good fruits — Both in the heart and in the life, two of which are immediately specified. Without partiality — Loving all, without respect of persons; embracing all good things, rejecting all evil. And without dissimulation — Frank, open.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 3:17

But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of (d) mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

(d) He sets mercy against the fierce and cruel nature of man, and shows that heavenly wisdom brings forth good fruits, for he that is heavenly wise, refers all things to God's glory, and the profit of his neighbours.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the wisdom:

James 3:15 This wisdom descendeth not from above, but [is] earthly, sensual, devilish.
James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
Genesis 41:38-39 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find [such a one] as this [is], a man in whom the Spirit of God [is]? ... And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, [there is] none so discreet and wise as thou [art]:
Exodus 36:2 And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whose heart the LORD had put wisdom, [even] every one whose heart stirred him up to come unto the work to do it:
1 Kings 3:9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?
1 Kings 3:12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.
1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God [was] in him, to do judgment.
1 Chronicles 22:12 Only the LORD give thee wisdom and understanding, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the LORD thy God.
Job 28:12 But where shall wisdom be found? and where [is] the place of understanding?
Job 28:23 God understandeth the way thereof, and he knoweth the place thereof.
Job 28:28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that [is] wisdom; and to depart from evil [is] understanding.
Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth [cometh] knowledge and understanding.
Isaiah 11:2-3 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; ... And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Daniel 1:17 As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom: and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.
Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.
1 Corinthians 2:6-7 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought: ... But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, [even] the hidden [wisdom], which God ordained before the world unto our glory:
1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

first:

James 4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded.
Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
Matthew 5:8 Blessed [are] the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.
Titus 1:15 Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.
1 John 3:3 And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.

peaceable:

1 Chronicles 22:9 Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.
*marg.
Isaiah 2:4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 11:2-9 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; ... They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
Isaiah 32:15-17 Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest. ... And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever.
Romans 12:18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.
Hebrews 12:14 Follow peace with all [men], and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:

gentle:

Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.
1 Corinthians 13:4-7 Charity suffereth long, [and] is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, ... Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence [am] base among you, but being absent am bold toward you:
Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ... Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit [is] in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
1 Thessalonians 2:7 But we were gentle among you, even as a nurse cherisheth her children:
2 Timothy 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all [men], apt to teach, patient,
Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, [but] gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.

full:

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did.
Acts 11:24 For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and much people was added unto the Lord.
Romans 15:14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another.
2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for [your] food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.
Colossians 1:10 That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;

without:

James 2:4 Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?
Malachi 2:9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the people, according as ye have not kept my ways, but have been partial in the law.
1 Timothy 5:21 I charge [thee] before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.

partiality:
or, wrangling

hypocrisy:

Isaiah 32:6 For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.
Matthew 23:28 Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
Luke 12:1-2 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. ... For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.
John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
1 Peter 2:1 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,
1 John 3:18 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.
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