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James 3:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For where jealousy and faction are, there is confusion and every vile deed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there is disorder and every evil thing.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For where emulation and strife [are], there [is] disorder and every evil thing.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, where jealousy and rivalry are, there, are anarchy and every ignoble deed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for where zeal and rivalry [are], there is insurrection and every evil matter;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For where envying and contention is: there is inconstancy and every evil work.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For where enuying and strife is, there is confusion, and euery euill worke.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For where there are envy and contention, there also are tumult and every thing that is evil.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For where envy and contention are, there also is confusion, and every thing wrong.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
where 3699
{3699} Prime
ὅπου
hopou
{hop'-oo}
From G3739 and G4225; what (-ever) where, that is, at whichever spot.
envying 2205
{2205} Prime
ζῆλος
zelos
{dzay'-los}
From G2204; properly heat, that is, (figuratively) 'zeal' (in a favorable sense, ardor; in an unfavorable one, jealousy, as of a husband [figuratively of God], or an enemy, malice).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
strife 2052
{2052} Prime
ἐριθεία
eritheia
{er-ith-i'-ah}
Perhaps from the same as G2042; properly intrigue, that is, (by implication) faction.
[is], there 1563
{1563} Prime
ἐκεῖ
ekei
{ek-i'}
Of uncertain affinity; there; by extension thither.
[is] confusion 181
{0181} Prime
ἀκαταστασία
akatastasia
{ak-at-as-tah-see'-ah}
From G0182; instability, that is, disorder.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
evil 5337
{5337} Prime
φαῦλος
phaulos
{fow'-los}
Apparently a primary word; 'foul' or 'flawy', that is, (figuratively) wicked.
work. 4229
{4229} Prime
πρᾶγμα
pragma
{prag'-mah}
From G4238; a deed; by implication an affair; by extension an object (material).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 3:16

_ _ envying — So English Version translates the Greek, which usually means “zeal”; “emulation,” in Romans 13:13. “The envious man stands in his own light. He thinks his candle cannot shine in the presence of another’s sun. He aims directly at men, obliquely at God, who makes men to differ.”

_ _ strife — rivalry [Alford].

_ _ confusion — literally, “tumultuous anarchy”: both in society (translated “commotions,” Luke 21:9; “tumults,” 2 Corinthians 6:5), and in the individual mind; in contrast to the “peaceable” composure of true “wisdom,” James 3:17. James does not honor such effects of this earthly wisdom with the name “fruit,” as he does in the case of the wisdom from above. James 3:18; compare Galatians 5:19-22, “works of the flesh ... fruit of the Spirit.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 3:13-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
where:

James 3:14 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.
1 Corinthians 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas [there is] among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
Galatians 5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,

there:

Genesis 11:9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.
*marg.
Acts 19:29 And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.
1 Corinthians 14:33 For God is not [the author] of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.

confusion:
Gr. tumult, or, unquietness

every:

1 John 3:12 Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.
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Gn 11:9. Ac 19:29. 1Co 3:3; 14:33. Ga 5:20. Jm 3:14. 1Jn 3:12.

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