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James 3:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But if ye have bitter jealousy and faction in your heart, glory not and lie not against the truth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and [so] lie against the truth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but if ye have bitter emulation and strife in your hearts, do not boast and lie against the truth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, if, bitter jealousy, ye have, and rivalry, in your hearts; be not boasting and showing yourselves false against the truth!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if bitter zeal ye have, and rivalry in your heart, glory not, nor lie against the truth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But if you have bitter zeal, and there be contention in your hearts: glory not and be not liars against the truth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But if ye haue bitter enuying and strife in your hearts glory not, and lie not against the trueth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But if you have bitter envy among yourselves, or contention be in your hearts, be not inflated against the truth, nor lie;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But if bitter envy be in you, or contention in your hearts, exalt not yourselves against the truth, and lie not.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
ye have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
bitter 4089
{4089} Prime
πικρός
pikros
{pik-ros'}
Perhaps from G4078 (through the idea of piercing); sharp (pungent), that is, acrid (literally or figuratively).
envying 2205
{2205} Prime
ζῆλος
zelos
{dzay'-los}
From G2204; properly heat, that is, (figuratively) 'zeal' (in a favorable sense, ardor; in an unfavorable one, jealousy, as of a husband [figuratively of God], or an enemy, malice).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
strife 2052
{2052} Prime
ἐριθεία
eritheia
{er-ith-i'-ah}
Perhaps from the same as G2042; properly intrigue, that is, (by implication) faction.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
hearts, 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
glory 2620
{2620} Prime
κατακαυχάομαι
katakauchaomai
{kat-ak-ow-khah'-om-ahee}
From G2596 and G2744; to exult against (that is, over).
z5737
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
not, 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
lie x5574
(5574) Complement
ψεύδομαι
pseudomai
{psyoo'-dom-ahee}
Middle voice of an apparently primary verb; to utter an untruth or attempt to deceive by falsehood.
not y5574
[5574] Standard
ψεύδομαι
pseudomai
{psyoo'-dom-ahee}
Middle voice of an apparently primary verb; to utter an untruth or attempt to deceive by falsehood.
z5732
<5732> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 41
against 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
truth. 225
{0225} Prime
ἀλήθεια
aletheia
{al-ay'-thi-a}
From G0227; truth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 3:14

_ _ if ye haveas is the case (this is implied in the Greek indicative).

_ _ bitterEphesians 4:31, “bitterness.”

_ _ envying — rather, “emulation,” or literally, “zeal”: kindly, generous emulation, or zeal, is not condemned, but that which is “bitter” [Bengel].

_ _ strife — rather, “rivalry.”

_ _ in your hearts — from which flow your words and deeds, as from a fountain.

_ _ glory not, and lie not against the truth — To boast of your wisdom is virtually a lying against the truth (the gospel), while your lives belie your glorying. James 3:15; James 1:18, “The word of truth.” Romans 2:17, Romans 2:23, speaks similarly of the same contentious Jewish Christians.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 3:13-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 3:14

If ye have bitter zeal — True Christian zeal is only the flame of love. Even in your hearts — Though it went no farther. Do not lie against the truth — As if such zeal could consist with heavenly wisdom.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
if:

James 3:16 For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work.
James 4:1-5 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? ... Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy?
Genesis 30:1-2 And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else I die. ... And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he said, [Am] I in God's stead, who hath withheld from thee the fruit of the womb?
Genesis 37:11 And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.
Job 5:2 For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.
Proverbs 14:30 A sound heart [is] the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.
Proverbs 27:4 Wrath [is] cruel, and anger [is] outrageous; but who [is] able to stand before envy?
Isaiah 11:13 The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.
Habakkuk 1:3 Why dost thou shew me iniquity, and cause [me] to behold grievance? for spoiling and violence [are] before me: and there are [that] raise up strife and contention.
Matthew 27:18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.
Acts 5:17 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,
Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,
Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming.
Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
1 Corinthians 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas [there is] among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
1 Corinthians 13:4 Charity suffereth long, [and] is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up,
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and [that] I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest [there be] debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:
Galatians 5:15 But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.
Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
Galatians 5:26 Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.
Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:
Philippians 2:3 [Let] nothing [be done] through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.
1 Timothy 6:4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
1 Peter 2:1-2 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, ... As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:

glory:

Romans 2:17 Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,
Romans 2:23-29 Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God? ... But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is that] of the heart, in the spirit, [and] not in the letter; whose praise [is] not of men, but of God.
1 Corinthians 4:7-8 For who maketh thee to differ [from another]? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive? now if thou didst receive [it], why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not received [it]? ... Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without us: and I would to God ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.
1 Corinthians 5:2 And ye are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that hath done this deed might be taken away from among you.
1 Corinthians 5:6 Your glorying [is] not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
Galatians 6:13 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.

and lie:

2 Kings 10:16 And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal for the LORD. So they made him ride in his chariot.
2 Kings 10:31 But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the LORD God of Israel with all his heart: for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin.
John 16:2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.
Acts 26:9 I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 30:1; 37:11. 2K 10:16, 31. Jb 5:2. Pv 14:30; 27:4. Is 11:13. Hab 1:3. Mt 27:18. Jn 16:2. Ac 5:17; 7:9; 13:45; 26:9. Ro 1:29; 2:17, 23; 13:13. 1Co 3:3; 4:7; 5:2, 6; 13:4. 2Co 12:20. Ga 5:15, 21, 26; 6:13. Php 1:15; 2:3. 1Ti 6:4. Tit 3:3. Jm 3:16; 4:1. 1P 2:1.

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