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James 3:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Can a fig tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a vine figs? Neither [can] salt water yield sweet.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so [can] no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Can a fig tree, my brethren, produce olives, or a vine produce figs? Nor [can] salt water produce fresh.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olive-berries? or a vine, figs? so no fountain [can] yield both salt water and fresh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Can, my brethren, a fig produce olives, or a vine figs? Neither [can] salt [water] make sweet water.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Is it possible, my brethren, for, a fig-tree, to produce, olives, or, a vine, figs? Neither can, salt, water yield, sweet.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— is a fig-tree able, my brethren, olives to make? or a vine figs? so no fountain salt and sweet water [is able] to make.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear grapes? Or the vine, figs? So neither can the salt water yield sweet.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Can ye figtree, my brethren, beare oliue berries? either a vine, figs? so [can] no fountaine both yeeld salt water & fresh.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Or can the fig-tree, my brethren, make olives, or the vines figs? thus also salt waters cannot be made sweet.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Or can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olives? or the vine, figs? So also salt waters cannot be made sweet.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
Can 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
the fig tree, 4808
{4808} Prime
συκῆ
suke
{soo-kay'}
From G4810; a fig tree.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
bear 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
olive berries? 1636
{1636} Prime
ἐλαία
elaia
{el-ah'-yah}
Feminine of a presumed derivative from an obsolete primary; an olive (the tree or the fruit).
either 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
a vine, 288
{0288} Prime
ἄμπελος
ampelos
{am'-pel-os}
Probably from the base of G0297 and that of G0257; a vine (as coiling about a support).
figs? 4810
{4810} Prime
σῦκον
sukon
{soo'-kon}
Apparently a primary word; a fig.
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
[can] no 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
fountain 4077
{4077} Prime
πηγή
pege
{pay-gay'}
Probably from G4078 (through the idea of gushing plumply); a fount (literally or figuratively), that is, source or supply (of water, blood, enjoyment), (not necessarily the original spring).
both yield 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
salt 252
{0252} Prime
ἁλυκός
halukos
{hal-oo-kos'}
From G0251; briny.
water 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
fresh. 1099
{1099} Prime
γλυκύς
glukus
{gloo-koos'}
Of uncertain affinity; sweet (that is, not bitter nor salt).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 3:12

_ _ Transition from the mouth to the heart.

_ _ Can the fig tree, etc. — implying that it is an impossibility: as before in James 3:10 he had said it “ought not so to be.” James does not, as Matthew (Matthew 7:16, Matthew 7:17), make the question, “Do men gather figs of thistles?” His argument is, No tree “can” bring forth fruit inconsistent with its nature, as for example, the fig tree, olive berries: so if a man speaks bitterly, and afterwards speaks good words, the latter must be so only seemingly, and in hypocrisy, they cannot be real.

_ _ so can no fountain ... salt ... and fresh — The oldest authorities read, “Neither can a salt (water spring) yield fresh.” So the mouth that emits cursing, cannot really emit also blessing.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 3:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the fig tree:

Isaiah 5:2-4 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. ... What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?
Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?
Matthew 7:16-20 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? ... Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.
Matthew 12:33 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by [his] fruit.
Luke 6:43-44 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. ... For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.
Romans 11:16-18 For if the firstfruit [be] holy, the lump [is] also [holy]: and if the root [be] holy, so [are] the branches. ... Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.

so:

Exodus 15:23-25 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they [were] bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah. ... And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, [which] when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them,
2 Kings 2:19-22 And the men of the city said unto Elisha, Behold, I pray thee, the situation of this city [is] pleasant, as my lord seeth: but the water [is] naught, and the ground barren. ... So the waters were healed unto this day, according to the saying of Elisha which he spake.
Ezekiel 47:8-11 Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: [which being] brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed. ... But the miry places thereof and the marishes thereof shall not be healed; they shall be given to salt.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:23. 2K 2:19. Is 5:2. Jr 2:21. Ezk 47:8. Mt 7:16; 12:33. Lk 6:43. Ro 11:16.

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