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James 2:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But ye have dishonored the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you, and themselves drag you before the judgment-seats?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But you have dishonored the poor man. Is it not the rich who oppress you and personally drag you into court?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment-seats?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But *ye* have despised the poor [man]. Do not the rich oppress you, and [do not] *they* drag you before [the] tribunals?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whereas, ye, have dishonoured the destitute man! Do not, the rich, oppress you? and, themselves, drag you into courts of justice?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and ye did dishonour the poor one; do not the rich oppress you and themselves draw you to judgment-seats;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But you have dishonoured the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you by might? And do not they draw you before the judgment seats?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But yee haue despised the poore. Doe not rich men oppresse you, and draw you before the Iudgement seats?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But you have despised the poor. Behold, are not the rich uprisen against you? and do they not drag you to the house of judgment?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But ye have despised the poor man. Do not rich men exalt themselves over you, and drag you before the tribunals?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
have despised 818
{0818} Prime
ἀτιμάζω
atimazo
{at-im-ad'-zo}
From G0820; to render infamous, that is, (by implication) contemn or maltreat.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
poor. 4434
{4434} Prime
πτωχός
ptochos
{pto-khos'}
From πτώσσω [[ptosso]] (to crouch; akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), that is, pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed).
Do y2616
[2616] Standard
καταδυναστεύω
katadunasteuo
{kat-ad-oo-nas-tyoo'-o}
From G2596 and a derivative of G1413; to exercise dominion against, that is, oppress.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
rich men 4145
{4145} Prime
πλούσιος
plousios
{ploo'-see-os}
From G4149; wealthy; figuratively abounding with.
oppress 2616
{2616} Prime
καταδυναστεύω
katadunasteuo
{kat-ad-oo-nas-tyoo'-o}
From G2596 and a derivative of G1413; to exercise dominion against, that is, oppress.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
you, 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
draw 1670
{1670} Prime
ἑλκύω
helkuo
{hel-koo'-o}
Probably akin to G0138; to drag (literally or figuratively).
y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
you 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
before 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the judgment seats? 2922
{2922} Prime
κριτήριον
kriterion
{kree-tay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of G2923; a rule of judging ('criterion'), that is, (by implication) a tribunal.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 2:6

_ _ The world’s judgment of the poor contrasted with God’s.

_ _ ye — Christians, from whom better things might have been expected; there is no marvel that men of the world do so.

_ _ despised — literally, “dishonored.” To dishonor the poor is to dishonor those whom God honors, and so to invert the order of God [Calvin].

_ _ rich — as a class.

_ _ oppress — literally, “abuse their power against” you.

_ _ draw you — Translate, “is it not they (those very persons whom ye partially prefer, James 2:1-4) that drag you (namely, with violence)” [Alford].

_ _ before ... judgment seats — instituting persecutions for religion, as well as oppressive lawsuits, against you.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 2:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 2:6

Do not the rich often oppress you — By open violence; often drag you — Under colour of law.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 2:6

But ye have despised the poor. (3) Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?

(3) Secondly, he proves them to be fools: since the rich men are rather to be held detestable and cursed, considering that they persecute the church, and blaspheme Christ: for he speaks of wicked and profane rich men, as most of them have always been, beside whom he contrasts the poor and degraded.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye:

James 2:3 And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:
Psalms 14:6 Ye have shamed the counsel of the poor, because the LORD [is] his refuge.
Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Proverbs 17:5 Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: [and] he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.
Ecclesiastes 9:15-16 Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man. ... Then said I, Wisdom [is] better than strength: nevertheless the poor man's wisdom [is] despised, and his words are not heard.
Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
John 8:49 Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me.
1 Corinthians 11:22 What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise [you] not.

Do:

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
Job 20:19 Because he hath oppressed [and] hath forsaken the poor; [because] he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not;
Psalms 10:2 The wicked in [his] pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
Psalms 10:8 He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor.
Psalms 10:10 He croucheth, [and] humbleth himself, that the poor may fall by his strong ones.
Psalms 10:14 Thou hast seen [it]; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite [it] with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.
Psalms 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith the LORD; I will set [him] in safety [from him that] puffeth at him.
Proverbs 22:16 He that oppresseth the poor to increase his [riches, and] he that giveth to the rich, [shall] surely [come] to want.
Ecclesiastes 5:8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for [he that is] higher than the highest regardeth; and [there be] higher than they.
Isaiah 3:14-15 The LORD will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor [is] in your houses. ... What mean ye [that] ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
Amos 2:6-7 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they sold the righteous for silver, and the poor for a pair of shoes; ... That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek: and a man and his father will go in unto the [same] maid, to profane my holy name:
Amos 4:1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.
Amos 5:11 Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them.
Amos 8:4-6 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, ... That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; [yea], and sell the refuse of the wheat?
Micah 6:11-12 Shall I count [them] pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights? ... For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue [is] deceitful in their mouth.
Habakkuk 3:14 Thou didst strike through with his staves the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me: their rejoicing [was] as to devour the poor secretly.
Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.

and:

James 5:6 Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.
1 Kings 21:11-13 And the men of his city, [even] the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them, [and] as it [was] written in the letters which she had sent unto them. ... And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, [even] against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died.
Acts 4:1-3 And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them, ... And they laid hands on them, and put [them] in hold unto the next day: for it was now eventide.
Acts 4:26-28 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ. ... For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.
Acts 5:17-18 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation, ... And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison.
Acts 5:26-27 Then went the captain with the officers, and brought them without violence: for they feared the people, lest they should have been stoned. ... And when they had brought them, they set [them] before the council: and the high priest asked them,
Acts 13:50 But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts.
Acts 16:19-20 And when her masters saw that the hope of their gains was gone, they caught Paul and Silas, and drew [them] into the marketplace unto the rulers, ... And brought them to the magistrates, saying, These men, being Jews, do exceedingly trouble our city,
Acts 17:6 And when they found them not, they drew Jason and certain brethren unto the rulers of the city, crying, These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also;
Acts 18:12 And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 21:11. Jb 20:19. Ps 10:2, 8, 10, 14; 12:5; 14:6. Pv 14:31; 17:5; 22:16. Ec 5:8; 9:15. Is 3:14; 53:3. Am 2:6; 4:1; 5:11; 8:4. Mi 6:11. Hab 3:14. Zc 7:10. Jn 8:49. Ac 4:1, 26; 5:17, 26; 13:50; 16:19; 17:6; 18:12. 1Co 11:22. Jm 2:3; 5:4, 6.

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