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James 2:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in like manner was not also Rahab the harlot justified by works, in that she received the messengers, and sent them out another way?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent [them] out another way?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In the same way, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent [them] out another way?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But was not in like manner also Rahab the harlot justified on the principle of works, when she had received the messengers and put [them] forth by another way?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, in like manner also, Rahab the harlot, Was it not, by works, she was declared righteous, when she gave welcome unto the messengers, and, by another way, urged them forth?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and in like manner also Rahab the harlot—was she not out of works declared righteous, having received the messengers, and by another way having sent forth?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was not she justified by works, receiving the messengers and sending them out another way?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Likewise also, was not Rahab the harlot iustified by works, when she had receiued the messengers, and had sent them out another way?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— So also Rachab the harlot, was she not by works justified when she received the spies, and by another way sent them forth?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— So also Rahab, the harlot, was not she justified by works, when she entertained the spies, and sent them forth by another way?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Likewise 3668
{3668} Prime
ὁμοίως
homoios
{hom-oy'-oce}
Adverb from G3664; similarly.
y1161
[1161] Standard
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
was y1344
[1344] Standard
δικαιόω
dikaioo
{dik-ah-yo'-o}
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
Rahab 4460
{4460} Prime
Ῥαάβ
Rhaab
{hrah-ab'}
Of Hebrew origin [H7343]; Raab (that is, Rachab), a Canaanitess.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
harlot 4204
{4204} Prime
πόρνη
porne
{por'-nay}
Feminine of G4205; a strumpet; figuratively an idolater.
justified 1344
{1344} Prime
δικαιόω
dikaioo
{dik-ah-yo'-o}
From G1342; to render (that is, show or regard as) just or innocent.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
by 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
when she had received 5264
{5264} Prime
ὑποδέχομαι
hupodechomai
{hoop-od-ekh'-om-ahee}
From G5259 and G1209; to admit under one's roof, that is, entertain hospitably.
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
messengers, 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
had sent [them] out 1544
{1544} Prime
ἐκβάλλω
ekballo
{ek-bal'-lo}
From G1537 and G0906; to eject (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
another 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
way? 3598
{3598} Prime
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 2:25

_ _ It is clear from the nature of Rahab’s act, that it is not quoted to prove justification by works as such. She believed assuredly what her other countrymen disbelieved, and this in the face of every improbability that an unwarlike few would conquer well-armed numbers. In this belief she hid the spies at the risk of her life. Hence Hebrews 11:31 names this as an example of faith, rather than of obedience. “By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not.” If an instance of obedience were wanting. Paul and James would hardly have quoted a woman of previously bad character, rather than the many moral and pious patriarchs. But as an example of free grace justifying men through an operative, as opposed to a mere verbal faith, none could be more suitable than a saved “harlot.” As Abraham was an instance of an illustrious man and the father of the Jews, so Rahab is quoted as a woman, and one of abandoned character, and a Gentile, showing that justifying faith has been manifested in those of every class. The nature of the works alleged is such as to prove that James uses them only as evidences of faith, as contrasted with a mere verbal profession: not works of charity and piety, but works the value of which consisted solely in their being proofs of faith: they were faith expressed in act, synonymous with faith itself.

_ _ messengers — spies.

_ _ had received ... had sent — rather, “received ... thrust them forth” (in haste and fear) [Alford].

_ _ another way — from that whereby they entered her house, namely, through the window of her house on the wall, and thence to the mountain.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 2:14-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 2:25

After Abraham, the father of the Jews, the apostle cites Rahab, a woman, and a sinner of the gentiles; to show, that in every nation and sex true faith produces works, and is perfected by them; that is, by the grace of God working in the believer, while he is showing his faith by his works.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 2:25

(13) Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent [them] out another way?

(13) A forth reason taken from a similar example of Rahab the harlot, who was proved by her works that she was justified by a true faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
was:

Joshua 2:1 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there.
Matthew 1:5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;

the harlot:

Matthew 21:31 Whether of them twain did the will of [his] father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.

justified:

James 2:18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.
James 2:22 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?

when:

Joshua 2:19-21 And it shall be, [that] whosoever shall go out of the doors of thy house into the street, his blood [shall be] upon his head, and we [will be] guiltless: and whosoever shall be with thee in the house, his blood [shall be] on our head, if [any] hand be upon him. ... And she said, According unto your words, so [be] it. And she sent them away, and they departed: and she bound the scarlet line in the window.
Joshua 6:17 And the city shall be accursed, [even] it, and all that [are] therein, to the LORD: only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that [are] with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.
Joshua 6:22-25 But Joshua had said unto the two men that had spied out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath, as ye sware unto her. ... And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel [even] unto this day; because she hid the messengers, which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.
Hebrews 11:31 By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.
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Jsh 2:1, 19; 6:17, 22. Mt 1:5; 21:31. He 11:31. Jm 2:18, 22.

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