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James 2:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For if there come into your synagogue a man with a gold ring, in fine clothing, and there come in also a poor man in vile clothing;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For if a man comes into your assembly with a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man in dirty clothes,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if there come into your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for if there come unto your synagogue a man with a gold ring in splendid apparel, and a poor man also come in in vile apparel,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, if there enter into your synagogue a man wearing gold rings in gay clothing, and there enter a destitute man also, in soiled clothing,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for if there may come into your synagogue a man with gold ring, in gay raiment, and there may come in also a poor man in vile raiment,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel; and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if there come vnto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poore man, in vile raiment:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if there come into your congregation a man who hath rings of gold or beautiful vestments, and there come in a poor man in sordid vestments,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For if there come into your assembly a man with rings of gold or splendid garments, and there come in a poor man in sordid garments;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
there come 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
assembly 4864
{4864} Prime
συναγωγή
sunagoge
{soon-ag-o-gay'}
From (the reduplicated form of) G4863; an assemblage of persons; specifically a Jewish 'synagogue' (the meeting or the place); by analogy a Christian church.
a man 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
with a gold ring, 5554
{5554} Prime
χρυσοδακτύλιος
chrusodaktulios
{khroo-sod-ak-too'-lee-os}
From G5557 and G1146; gold ringed, that is, wearing a golden finger ring or similar jewelry.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
goodly 2986
{2986} Prime
λαμπρός
lampros
{lam-pros'}
From the same as G2985; radiant; by analogy limpid; figuratively magnificent or sumptuous (in appearance).
apparel, 2066
{2066} Prime
ἐσθής
esthes
{es-thace'}
From ἔννυμι [[hennumi]] (to clothe); dress.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
there come in 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a poor man 4434
{4434} Prime
πτωχός
ptochos
{pto-khos'}
From πτώσσω [[ptosso]] (to crouch; akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), that is, pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
vile 4508
{4508} Prime
ῥυπαρός
rhuparos
{rhoo-par-os'}
From G4509; dirty, that is, (relatively) cheap or shabby; morally wicked.
raiment; 2066
{2066} Prime
ἐσθής
esthes
{es-thace'}
From ἔννυμι [[hennumi]] (to clothe); dress.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 2:2-3

_ _ “If there chance to have come” [Alford].

_ _ assembly — literally, “synagogue”; this, the latest honorable use, and the only Christian use of the term in the New Testament, occurs in James’s Epistle, the apostle who maintained to the latest possible moment the bonds between the Jewish synagogue and the Christian Church. Soon the continued resistance of the truth by the Jews led Christians to leave the term to them exclusively (Revelation 3:9). The “synagogue” implies a mere assembly or congregation not necessarily united by any common tie. “Church,” a people bound together by mutual ties and laws, though often it may happen that the members are not assembled [Trench and Vitringa]. Partly from James’ Hebrew tendencies, partly from the Jewish Christian churches retaining most of the Jewish forms, this term “synagogue” is used here instead of the Christian term “Church” (ecclesia, derived from a root, “called out,” implying the union of its members in spiritual bonds, independent of space, and called out into separation from the world); an undesigned coincidence and mark of truth. The people in the Jewish synagogue sat according to their rank, those of the same trade together. The introduction of this custom into Jewish Christian places of worship is here reprobated by James. Christian churches were built like the synagogues, the holy table in the east end of the former, as the ark was in the latter; the desk and pulpit were the chief articles of furniture in both alike. This shows the error of comparing the Church to the temple, and the ministry to the priesthood; the temple is represented by the whole body of worshippers; the church building was formed on the model of the synagogue. See Vitringa [Synagogue and Temple].

_ _ goodly apparel ... gay clothing — As the Greek, is the same in both, translate both alike, “gay,” or “splendid clothing.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 2:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 2:2

With gold rings — Which were not then so common as now.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
assembly:
Gr. synagogue

gold:

Esther 3:10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.
Esther 8:2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
Luke 15:22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put [it] on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on [his] feet:

goodly:

Genesis 27:15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which [were] with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son:
Matthew 11:8-9 But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? behold, they that wear soft [clothing] are in kings' houses. ... But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? yea, I say unto you, and more than a prophet.

in vile:

Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
Zechariah 3:3-4 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel. ... And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:15. Es 3:10; 8:2. Is 64:6. Zc 3:3. Mt 11:8. Lk 15:22.

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