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James 2:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou believest that God is one; thou doest well: the demons also believe, and shudder.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You believe that God is one. You do well; the demons also believe, and shudder.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the demons also believe, and tremble.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— *Thou* believest that God is one. Thou doest well. The demons even believe, and tremble.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou believest that God is, one: thou doest, well—Even the demons believe, and shudder!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— thou—thou dost believe that God is one; thou dost well, and the demons believe, and they shudder!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou beleeuest that there is one God, thou doest well: the deuils also beleeue, and tremble.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Thou believest that Aloha is one: thou doest well; the demons also believe and tremble.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Thou believest that there is one God; thou dost well; the demons also believe, and tremble.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
believest 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
there is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
God; 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
thou doest 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
well: 2573
{2573} Prime
καλῶς
kalos
{kal-oce'}
Adverb from G2570; well (usually morally).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
devils 1140
{1140} Prime
δαιμόνιον
daimonion
{dahee-mon'-ee-on}
Neuter of a derivative of G1142; a daemonic being; by extension a deity.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
believe, 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
tremble. 5425
{5425} Prime
φρίσσω
phrisso
{fris'-so}
Apparently a primary verb; to 'bristle' or chill, that is, shudder (fear).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 2:19

_ _ Thou — emphatic. Thou self-deceiving claimant to faith without works.

_ _ that there is one God — rather, “that God is one”: God’s existence, however, is also asserted. The fundamental article of the creed of Jews and Christians alike, and the point of faith on which especially the former boasted themselves, as distinguishing them from the Gentiles, and hence adduced by James here.

_ _ thou doest well — so far good. But unless thy faith goes farther than an assent to this truth, “the evil spirits (literally, ‘demons’: ‘devil’ is the term restricted to Satan, their head) believe” so far in common with thee, “and (so far from being saved by such a faith) shudder (so the Greek),” Matthew 8:29; Luke 4:34; 2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:6; Revelation 20:10. Their faith only adds to their torment at the thought of having to meet Him who is to consign them to their just doom: so thine (Hebrews 10:26, Hebrews 10:27, it is not the faith of love, but of fear, that hath torment, 1 John 4:18).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 2:14-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 2:19

Thou believest there is one God — I allow this: but this proves only that thou hast the same faith with the devils. Nay, they not only believe, but tremble — At the dreadful expectation of eternal torments. So far is that faith from either justifying or saving them that have it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 2:19

(10) Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.

(10) Another reason taken from an absurdity: if such a faith were the true faith by means of which we are justified, the demons would be justified, for they have that, but nonetheless they tremble and are not justified, therefore neither is that faith a true faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Deuteronomy 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God [is] one LORD:
Isaiah 43:10 Ye [are] my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I [am] he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.
Isaiah 44:6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I [am] the first, and I [am] the last; and beside me [there is] no God.
Isaiah 44:8 Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared [it]? ye [are] even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, [there is] no God; I know not [any].
Isaiah 45:6 That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that [there is] none beside me. I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else.
Isaiah 45:21-22 Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD? and [there is] no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; [there is] none beside me. ... Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.
Isaiah 46:9 Remember the former things of old: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else; [I am] God, and [there is] none like me,
Zechariah 14:9 And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.
Mark 12:29 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
Romans 3:30 Seeing [it is] one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
1 Corinthians 8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol [is] nothing in the world, and that [there is] none other God but one.
1 Corinthians 8:6 But to us [there is but] one God, the Father, of whom [are] all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom [are] all things, and we by him.
Galatians 3:20 Now a mediator is not [a mediator] of one, but God is one.
Ephesians 4:5-6 One Lord, one faith, one baptism, ... One God and Father of all, who [is] above all, and through all, and in you all.
1 Timothy 2:5 For [there is] one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

thou doest:

James 2:8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:
Jonah 4:4 Then said the LORD, Doest thou well to be angry?
Jonah 4:9 And God said to Jonah, Doest thou well to be angry for the gourd? And he said, I do well to be angry, [even] unto death.
Mark 7:9 And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition.

the:

Matthew 8:29 And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?
Mark 1:24 Saying, Let [us] alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.
Mark 5:7 And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, [thou] Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not.
Luke 4:34 Saying, Let [us] alone; what have we to do with thee, [thou] Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.
Acts 16:17 The same followed Paul and us, and cried, saying, These men are the servants of the most high God, which shew unto us the way of salvation.
Acts 19:15 And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye?
Acts 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season, I will call for thee.
Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.
Revelation 20:2-3 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, ... And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 6:4. Is 43:10; 44:6, 8; 45:6, 21; 46:9. Jna 4:4, 9. Zc 14:9. Mt 8:29. Mk 1:24; 5:7; 7:9; 12:29. Lk 4:34. Jn 17:3. Ac 16:17; 19:15; 24:25. Ro 3:30. 1Co 8:4, 6. Ga 3:20. Ep 4:5. 1Ti 2:5. Jm 2:8. Jde 1:4, 6. Rv 20:2, 10.

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