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James 2:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Even so faith, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Even so faith, if it has no works, is dead, [being] by itself.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— So also faith, if it have not works, is dead by itself.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So, also, faith, if it have not works, is dead, by itself.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— so also the faith, if it may not have works, is dead by itself.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Euen so faith, if it hath not works, is dead being alone.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Thus also the faith that hath not works is dead, (being) alone.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— So also faith alone, without works, is dead.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
if y3362
[3362] Standard
ἐὰν με
ean me
{eh-an' may}
That is, G1437 and G3361; if not, that is, unless.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x1437
(1437) Complement
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
it hath 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
not y3362
[3362] Standard
ἐὰν με
ean me
{eh-an' may}
That is, G1437 and G3361; if not, that is, unless.
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
dead, 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
being alone. 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
x1596
(1596) Complement
ἑκουσίως
hekousios
{hek-oo-see'-ose}
Adverb from the same as G1595; voluntarily.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 2:17

_ _ faith ... being alone — Alford joins “is dead in itself.” So Bengel, “If the works which living faith produces have no existence, it is a proof that faith itself (literally, ‘in respect to itself’) has no existence; that is, that what one boasts of as faith, is dead.” “Faith” is said to be “dead in itself,” because when it has works it is alive, and it is discerned to be so, not in respect to its works, but in respect to itself. English Version, if retained, must not be understood to mean that faith can exist “alone” (that is, severed from works), but thus: Even so presumed faith, if it have not works, is dead, being by itself “alone,” that is, severed from works of charity; just as the body would be “dead” if alone, that is, severed from the spirit (James 2:26). So Estius.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 2:14-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 2:17

So likewise that faith which hath not works is a mere dead, empty notion; of no more profit to him that hath it, than the bidding the naked be clothed is to him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
so:

James 2:14 What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?
James 2:19-20 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. ... But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
James 2:26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.
1 Corinthians 13:3 And though I bestow all my goods to feed [the poor], and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
1 Corinthians 13:13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity.
1 Thessalonians 1:3 Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;
1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
2 Peter 1:5-9 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; ... But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

alone:
Gr. by itself
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1Co 13:3, 13. 1Th 1:3. 1Ti 1:5. Jm 2:14, 19, 26. 2P 1:5.

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