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James 2:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If a brother or sister be naked and in lack of daily food,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If a brother or sister is naked, and destitute of daily food,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now if a brother or a sister is naked and destitute of daily food,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, a brother or sister, should be naked, and coming short of the daily food,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if a brother or sister may be naked, and may be destitute of the daily food,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if a brother or sister be naked and want daily food:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of dayly foode,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And, if a brother or sister be naked, and wanting the food of to-day,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Or if a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x1161
(1161) Complement
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
If 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
y1161
[1161] Standard
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
a brother 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
sister 79
{0079} Prime
ἀδελφή
adelphe
{ad-el-fay'}
Feminine of G0080; a sister (natural or ecclesiastical).
be 5225
{5225} Prime
ὑπάρχω
huparcho
{hoop-ar'-kho}
From G5259 and G0756; to begin under (quietly), that is, come into existence (be present or at hand); expletively, to exist (as copula or subordinate to an adjective, participle, adverb or preposition, or as auxilliary to principal verb).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
naked, 1131
{1131} Prime
γυμνός
gumnos
{goom-nos'}
Of uncertain affinity; nude (absolutely or relatively, literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
destitute 3007
{3007} Prime
λείπω
leipo
{li'-po}
A primary verb; to leave, that is, (intransitive or passive) to fail or be absent.
5600
{5600} Prime

o
{o}
Including the oblique forms, as well as ἦς [[es]], {ace}; [[e]], {ay}, etc.; the subjunctive of G1510; (may, might, can, could, would, must, etc.; also with G1487 and its compounds, as well as with other particles) be.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
z5753
<5753> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 68
of daily 2184
{2184} Prime
ἐφήμερος
ephemeros
{ef-ay'-mer-os}
From G1909 and G2250; for a day ('ephemeral'), that is, diurnal.
food, 5160
{5160} Prime
τροφή
trophe
{trof-ay'}
From G5142; nourishment (literally or figuratively); by implication rations (wages).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 2:15

_ _ The Greek is, “But if,” etc.: the “But” taking up the argument against such a one as “said he had faith, and yet had not works,” which are its fruits.

_ _ a brother, etc. — a fellow Christian, to whom we are specially bound to give help, independent of our general obligation to help all our fellow creatures.

_ _ be — The Greek implies, “be found, on your access to them.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 2:14-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 2:15

(9) If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,

(9) The first reason taken from a comparison: if a man says to one who is hungry "Fill your belly" and yet gives him nothing, this is not true charity. If a man says he believes and does not bring forth works of his faith, this is not true faith, but truly a dead thing called with the name of faith, of which no man has room to brag, unless he will openly incur reprehension, since the cause is understood by the effects.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
Job 31:16-21 If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; ... If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:
Isaiah 58:7 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Isaiah 58:10 And [if] thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noonday:
Ezekiel 18:7 And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: ... And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Mark 14:7 For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always.
Luke 3:11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.
Acts 9:29 And he spake boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus, and disputed against the Grecians: but they went about to slay him.
Hebrews 11:37 They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 31:16. Is 58:7, 10. Ezk 18:7. Mt 25:35. Mk 14:7. Lk 3:11. Ac 9:29. He 11:37. Jm 2:5.

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