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James 2:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For judgment [is] without mercy to him that hath showed no mercy: mercy glorieth against judgment.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For judgment [will be] merciless to one who has shown no mercy; mercy triumphs over judgment.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For he shall have judgment without mercy that hath shown no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for judgment [will be] without mercy to him that has shewn no mercy. Mercy glories over judgment.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the judgment, [will be] without mercy, unto him that hath shewed no mercy: Mercy, boasteth, over judgment.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the judgment without kindness [is] to him not having done kindness, and exult doth kindness over judgment.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For judgment without mercy to him that hath not done mercy. And mercy exalteth itself above judgment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For he [shall haue] iudgement without mercie, that hath shewed no mercy, & mercie reioyceth against iudgement.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For judgment is to be without mercy, upon him who hath not done mercy. Be you exalted by mercy over judgment.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For judgment without mercy shall be on him, who hath practised no mercy: by mercy, ye will be raised above judgment.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he shall have judgment 2920
{2920} Prime
κρίσις
krisis
{kree'-sis}
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
without mercy, 448
{0448} Prime
ἀνίλεως
aneleos
{an-ee'-leh-oce}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2436; inexorable.
that hath shewed 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
no 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
mercy; 1656
{1656} Prime
ἔλεος
eleos
{el'-eh-os}
Of uncertain affinity; compassion (human or divine, especially active).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
mercy 1656
{1656} Prime
ἔλεος
eleos
{el'-eh-os}
Of uncertain affinity; compassion (human or divine, especially active).
rejoiceth against 2620
{2620} Prime
κατακαυχάομαι
katakauchaomai
{kat-ak-ow-khah'-om-ahee}
From G2596 and G2744; to exult against (that is, over).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
judgment. 2920
{2920} Prime
κρίσις
krisis
{kree'-sis}
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 2:13

_ _ The converse of, “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy” (Matthew 5:7). Translate, “The judgment (which is coming on all of us) shall be without mercy to him who hath showed no mercy.” It shall be such toward every one as every one shall have been [Bengel]. “Mercy” here corresponds to “love,” James 2:8.

_ _ mercy rejoiceth against judgment — Mercy, so far from fearing judgment in the case of its followers, actually glorifieth against it, knowing that it cannot condemn them. Not that their mercy is the ground of their acquittal, but the mercy of God in Christ towards them, producing mercy on their part towards their fellow men, makes them to triumph over judgment, which all in themselves otherwise deserve.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 2:8-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 2:13

Judgment without mercy shall be to him — In that day. Who hath showed no mercy — To his poor brethren. But the mercy of God to believers, answering to that which they have shown, will then glory over judgment.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 2:13

For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no (h) mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.

(h) He that is harsh and short with his neighbour, or else does not help him, he shall find God a hard and rough judge to him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he:

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
Genesis 42:21 And they said one to another, We [are] verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.
Judges 1:7 And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered [their meat] under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.
Job 22:6-10 For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing. ... Therefore snares [are] round about thee, and sudden fear troubleth thee;
Proverbs 21:13 Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.
Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Matthew 5:7 Blessed [are] the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
Matthew 6:15 But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Matthew 7:1-2 Judge not, that ye be not judged. ... For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.
Matthew 18:28-35 But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellowservants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took [him] by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. ... So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
Matthew 25:41-46 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: ... And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
Luke 16:25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.

and:

Psalms 85:10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed [each other].
Jeremiah 9:24 But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I [am] the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these [things] I delight, saith the LORD.
Ezekiel 33:11 Say unto them, [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
Micah 7:18 Who [is] a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth [in] mercy.
Ephesians 1:6-7 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. ... In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;
Ephesians 2:4-7 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, ... That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in [his] kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.
1 John 4:8-16 He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love. ... And we have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love; and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him.
1 John 4:18-19 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love. ... We love him, because he first loved us.

rejoiceth:
or, glorieth
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 42:21. Jg 1:7. Jb 22:6. Ps 85:10. Pv 21:13. Is 27:11. Jr 9:24. Ezk 33:11. Mi 7:18. Mt 5:7; 6:15; 7:1; 18:28; 25:41. Lk 16:25. Ep 1:6; 2:4. Jm 5:4. 1Jn 4:8, 18.

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