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James 1:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But let him ask in faith, nothing doubting: for he that doubteth is like the surge of the sea driven by the wind and tossed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But he must ask in faith without any doubting, for the one who doubts is like the surf of the sea, driven and tossed by the wind.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but let him ask in faith, nothing doubting. For he that doubts is like a wave of the sea driven by the wind and tossed about;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But let him be asking in faith, nothing, doubting, for, he that doubteth, is like a wave of the sea, wind-driven and storm-tossed,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and let him ask in faith, nothing doubting, for he who is doubting hath been like a wave of the sea, driven by wind and tossed,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea, which is moved and carried about by the wind.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But let him aske in faith, nothing wauering: for he that wauereth is like a waue of the sea, driuen with the wind, and tossed.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But let him ask in faith, not wavering. For he who wavereth is like the waves of the sea which the wind disturbeth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But let him ask in faith, not hesitating: he who hesitateth is like the waves of the sea, which the wind agitateth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
let him ask 154
{0154} Prime
αἰτέω
aiteo
{ahee-teh'-o}
Of uncertain derivation; to ask (in generally).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
nothing 3367
{3367} Prime
μηδείς
medeis
{may-dice'}
The masculine, feminine irregular (second form) and neuter (third form) from G3361 and G1520; not even one (man, woman, thing).
wavering. 1252
{1252} Prime
διακρίνω
diakrino
{dee-ak-ree'-no}
From G1223 and G2919; to separate thoroughly, that is, (literally and reflexively) to withdraw from, or (by implication) oppose; figuratively to discriminate (by implication decide), or (reflexively) hesitate.
z5734
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he that wavereth 1252
{1252} Prime
διακρίνω
diakrino
{dee-ak-ree'-no}
From G1223 and G2919; to separate thoroughly, that is, (literally and reflexively) to withdraw from, or (by implication) oppose; figuratively to discriminate (by implication decide), or (reflexively) hesitate.
z5734
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
is like 1503
{1503} Prime
εἴκω
eiko
{i'-ko}
Apparently a primary verb (perhaps akin to G1502 through the idea of faintness as a copy); to resemble.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
a wave 2830
{2830} Prime
κλύδων
kludon
{kloo'-dohn}
From κλύζω [[kluzo]] (to billow or dash over); a surge of the sea (literally or figuratively).
of the sea 2281
{2281} Prime
θάλασσα
thalassa
{thal'-as-sah}
Probably prolonged from G0251; the sea (generally or specifically).
driven with the wind 416
{0416} Prime
ἀνεμίζω
anemizo
{an-em-id'-zo}
From G0417; to toss with the wind.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
tossed. 4494
{4494} Prime
ῥιπίζω
rhipizo
{hrip-id'-zo}
From a derivative of G4496 (meaning a fan or bellows); to breeze up, that is, (by analogy) to agitate (into waves).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 1:6

_ _ ask in faith — that is, the persuasion that God can and will give. James begins and ends with faith. In the middle of the Epistle he removes the hindrances to faith and shows its true character [Bengel].

_ _ wavering — between belief and unbelief. Compare the case of the Israelites, who seemed to partly believe in God’s power, but leaned more to unbelief by “limiting” it. On the other hand, compare Acts 10:20; Romans 4:20 (“staggered not ... through unbelief,” literally, as here, “wavered not”); 1 Timothy 2:8.

_ _ like a wave of the seaIsaiah 57:20; Ephesians 4:14, where the same Greek word occurs for “tossed to and fro,” as is here translated, “driven with the wind.”

_ _ driven with the wind — from without.

_ _ tossed — from within, by its own instability [Bengel]. At one time cast on the shore of faith and hope, at another rolled back into the abyss of unbelief; at one time raised to the height of worldly pride, at another tossed in the sands of despair and affliction [Wiesinger].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 1:2-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 1:6

But let him ask in faith — A firm confidence in God. St. James also both begins and ends with faith, James 5:15; the hinderances of which he removes in the middle part of his epistle. He that doubteth is like a wave of the sea — Yea, such are all who have not asked and obtained wisdom. Driven with the wind — From without. And tossed — From within, by his own unstableness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 1:6

But let him ask in faith, (f) nothing wavering. (6) For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.

(f) Why then, what need is there of another mediator or priest? (6) A digression or going aside from his matter, as compared to prayers which are conceived with a doubting mind, but we have a trustworthy promise from God, and this is the second part of the epistle.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
let:

Matthew 21:22 And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.
Mark 11:22-24 And Jesus answering saith unto them, Have faith in God. ... Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive [them], and ye shall have [them].
1 Timothy 2:8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
Hebrews 11:6 But without faith [it is] impossible to please [him]: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and [that] he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

he:

Genesis 49:4 Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst thou [it]: he went up to my couch.
Ephesians 4:14 That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
Hebrews 10:23 Let us hold fast the profession of [our] faith without wavering; (for he [is] faithful that promised;)
Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.
Jude 1:12-13 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots; ... Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:4. Mt 21:22. Mk 11:22. Ep 4:14. 1Ti 2:8. He 10:23; 11:6; 13:9. 2P 2:17. Jde 1:12.

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