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James 1:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If any man thinketh himself to be religious, while he bridleth not his tongue but deceiveth his heart, this man's religion is vain.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion [is] vain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If anyone thinks himself to be religious, and yet does not bridle his tongue but deceives his [own] heart, this man’s religion is worthless.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If any man among you seemeth to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion [is] vain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If any one think himself to be religious, not bridling his tongue, but deceiving his heart, this man's religion is vain.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If any thinketh he is observant of religion, not curbing his own tongue, but deceiving his own heart, this one's, religious observance is, vain:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— If any one doth think to be religious among you, not bridling his tongue, but deceiving his heart, of this one vain [is] the religion;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if any man think himself to be religious, not bridling his tongue but deceiving his own heart, this man's religion is vain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If any man among you seeme to be religious, & bridleth not his tongue, but deceiueth his owne heart, this mans religion is vaine.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And if a man thinketh that he serveth Aloha, and holdeth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, of this man his service is vain.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if any one thinketh that he worshippeth God, and doth not restrain his tongue, but his heart deceiveth him; his worship is vain.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If any man 1536
{1536} Prime
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
seem 1380
{1380} Prime
δοκέω
dokeo
{dok-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb δόκω [[doko]], {dok'-o} (used only as an alternate in certain tenses; compare the base of G1166); of the same meaning; to think; by implication to seem (truthfully or uncertainly).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to be 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
religious, 2357
{2357} Prime
θρῆσκος
threskos
{thrace'-kos}
Probably from the base of G2360; ceremonious in worship (as demonstrative), that is, pious.
and bridleth 5468
{5468} Prime
χαλιναγωγέω
chalinagogeo
{khal-in-ag-ogue-eh'-o}
From a compound of G5469 and the reduplicated form of G0071; to be a bit leader, that is, to curb (figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
tongue, 1100
{1100} Prime
γλῶσσα
glossa
{gloce-sah'}
Of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication a language (specifically one naturally unacquired).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
deceiveth 538
{0538} Prime
ἀπατάω
apatao
{ap-at-ah'-o}
Of uncertain derivation; to cheat, that is, delude.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
his own y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
heart, 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
this man's 5127
{5127} Prime
τούτου
toutou
{too'-too}
Genitive singular masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) this (person or thing).
religion 2356
{2356} Prime
θρησκεία
threskeia
{thrace-ki'-ah}
From a derivative of G2357; ceremonial observance.
[is] vain. 3152
{3152} Prime
μάταιος
mataios
{mat'-ah-yos}
From the base of G3155; empty, that is, (literally) profitless, or (specifically) an idol.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 1:26-27

_ _ An example of doing work.

_ _ religious ... religion — The Greek expresses the external service or exercise of religion, “godliness” being the internal soul of it. “If any man think himself to be (so the Greek) religious, that is, observant of the offices of religion, let him know these consist not so much in outward observances, as in such acts of mercy and humble piety (Micah 6:7, Micah 6:8) as visiting the fatherless, etc., and keeping one’s self unspotted from the world” (Matthew 23:23). James does not mean that these offices are the great essentials, or sum total of religion; but that, whereas the law service was merely ceremonial, the very services of the Gospel consist in acts of mercy and holiness, and it has light for its garment, its very robe being righteousness [Trench]. The Greek word is only found in Acts 26:5, “after the straitest sect of our religion I lived a Pharisee.” Colossians 2:18, “worshipping of angels.”

_ _ bridleth not ... tongue — Discretion in speech is better than fluency of speech (compare James 3:2, James 3:3). Compare Psalms 39:1. God alone can enable us to do so. James, in treating of the law, naturally notices this sin. For they who are free from grosser sins, and even bear the outward show of sanctity, will often exalt themselves by detracting others under the pretense of zeal, while their real motive is love of evil-speaking [Calvin].

_ _ heart — It and the tongue act and react on one another.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 1:19-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 1:26

If any one be ever so religious — Exact in the outward offices of religion. And bridleth not his tongue — From backbiting, talebearing, evilspeaking, he only deceiveth his own heart, if he fancies he has any true religion at all.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 1:26

(18) If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his (y) own heart, this man's religion [is] vain.

(18) The third admonition: the word of God lays down a rule to not only do well, but also to speak well.

(y) The fountain of all babbling, cursed speaking, and impudence is this, that men do not know themselves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
seem:

Proverbs 14:12 There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death.
Proverbs 16:25 There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death.
Luke 8:18 Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have.
1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise.
Galatians 2:6 But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed [to be somewhat] in conference added nothing to me:
Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
Galatians 6:3 For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.

bridleth:

James 1:19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:
James 3:2-6 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body. ... And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.
Psalms 32:9 Be ye not as the horse, [or] as the mule, [which] have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee.
Psalms 34:13 Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.
Psalms 39:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, [even] to Jeduthun, A Psalm of David.]] I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me. ... I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, [even] from good; and my sorrow was stirred.
Psalms 141:3 Set a watch, O LORD, before my mouth; keep the door of my lips.
Proverbs 10:19 In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips [is] wise.
Proverbs 10:31 The mouth of the just bringeth forth wisdom: but the froward tongue shall be cut out.
Proverbs 13:2-3 A man shall eat good by the fruit of [his] mouth: but the soul of the transgressors [shall eat] violence. ... He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life: [but] he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction.
Proverbs 15:2 The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness.
Proverbs 16:10 A divine sentence [is] in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment.
Proverbs 19:1 Better [is] the poor that walketh in his integrity, than [he that is] perverse in his lips, and is a fool.
Proverbs 21:26 He coveteth greedily all the day long: but the righteous giveth and spareth not.
Ephesians 4:29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
Ephesians 5:4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.
Colossians 4:6 Let your speech [be] alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man.
1 Peter 3:10 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:

but:

James 1:22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.
Deuteronomy 11:16 Take heed to yourselves, that your heart be not deceived, and ye turn aside, and serve other gods, and worship them;
Isaiah 44:20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Galatians 6:3 For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.

this:

James 2:20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
Isaiah 1:13 Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
Malachi 3:14 Ye have said, It [is] vain to serve God: and what profit [is it] that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the LORD of hosts?
Matthew 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.
Mark 7:7 Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.
1 Corinthians 15:2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
1 Corinthians 15:15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.
Galatians 3:4 Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if [it be] yet in vain.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 11:16. Ps 32:9; 34:13; 39:1; 141:3. Pv 10:19, 31; 13:2; 14:12; 15:2; 16:10, 25; 19:1; 21:26. Is 1:13; 44:20. Mal 3:14. Mt 15:9. Mk 7:7. Lk 8:18. 1Co 3:18; 15:2, 15. Ga 2:6, 9; 3:4; 6:3. Ep 4:29; 5:4. Col 4:6. Jm 1:19, 22; 2:20; 3:2. 1P 3:10.

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