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James 1:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore putting away all filthiness and overflowing of wickedness, receive with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore, putting aside all filthiness and [all] that remains of wickedness, in humility receive the word implanted, which is able to save your souls.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the ingrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore, laying aside all filthiness and abounding of wickedness, accept with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, putting away all filthiness and overflow of baseness, in meekness, welcome ye the word fitted for inward growth, which is able to save your souls:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore having put aside all filthiness and superabundance of evil, in meekness be receiving the engrafted word, that is able to save your souls;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore, casting away all uncleanness and abundance of naughtiness, with meekness receive the ingrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore lay apart all filthinesse, and superfluitie of naughtinesse, & receiue with meeknesse the engrafted word, which is able to saue your soules.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Wherefore, remove from you all impurity and the abounding of wickedness, and with meekness receive the word which is engrafted in our nature, which is able to save your souls.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore, remove far from you all impurity, and the abundance of wickedness; and, with meekness, receive the word that is implanted in our nature, which is able to vivify these your souls.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
lay apart 659
{0659} Prime
ἀποτίθημι
apotithemi
{ap-ot-eeth'-ay-mee}
From G0575 and G5087; to put away (literally or figuratively).
z5642
<5642> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 19
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
filthiness 4507
{4507} Prime
ῥυπαρία
rhuparia
{hroo-par-ee'-ah}
From G4508; dirtiness (morally).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
superfluity 4050
{4050} Prime
περισσεία
perisseia
{per-is-si'-ah}
From G4052; surplusage, that is, superabundance.
of naughtiness, 2549
{2549} Prime
κακία
kakia
{kak-ee'-ah}
From G2556; badness, that is, (subjectively) depravity, or (actively) malignity, or (passively) trouble.
and receive 1209
{1209} Prime
δέχομαι
dechomai
{dekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to receive (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z5663
<5663> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 54
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
meekness 4240
{4240} Prime
πραΰτης
prautes
{prah-oo'-tace}
From G4239; mildness, that is, (by implication) humility.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
engrafted 1721
{1721} Prime
ἔμφυτος
emphutos
{em'-foo-tos}
From G1722 and a derivative of G5453; implanted (figuratively).
word, 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is able 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
to save 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
souls. 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 1:21

_ _ lay apart — “once for all” (so the Greek): as a filthy garment. Compare Joshua’s filthy garments, Zechariah 3:3, Zechariah 3:5; Revelation 7:14. “Filthiness” is cleansed away by hearing the word (John 15:3).

_ _ superfluity of naughtinessexcess (for instance, the intemperate spirit implied in “wrath,” James 1:19, James 1:20), which arises from malice (our natural, evil disposition towards one another). 1 Peter 2:1 has the very same words in the Greek. So “malice” is the translation, Ephesians 4:31; Colossians 3:8. “Faulty excess” [Bengel] is not strong enough. Superfluous excess in speaking is also reprobated as “coming of evil” (the Greek is akin to the word for “naughtiness” here) in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:37), with which James’ Epistle is so connected.

_ _ with meeknessin mildness towards one another [Alford], the opposite to “wrath” (James 1:20): answering to “as new-born babes” (1 Peter 2:2). Meekness, I think, includes also a childlike, docile, humble, as well as an uncontentious, spirit (Psalms 25:9; Psalms 45:4; Isaiah 66:2; Matthew 5:5; Matthew 11:28-30; Matthew 18:3, Matthew 18:4; contrast Romans 2:8). On “receive,” applied to ground receiving seed, compare Mark 4:20. Contrast Acts 17:11; 1 Thessalonians 1:6 with 2 Thessalonians 2:10.

_ _ engrafted word — the Gospel word, whose proper attribute is to be engrafted by the Holy Spirit, so as to be livingly incorporated with the believer, as the fruitful shoot is with the wild natural stock on which it is engrafted. The law came to man only from without, and admonished him of his duty. The Gospel is engrafted inwardly, and so fulfills the ultimate design of the law (Deuteronomy 6:6; Deuteronomy 11:18; Psalms 119:11). Alford translates, “The implanted word,” referring to the parable of the sower (Matthew 13:1-23). I prefer English Version.

_ _ able to save — a strong incentive to correct our dullness in hearing the word: that word which we hear so carelessly, is able (instrumentally) to save us [Calvin].

_ _ souls — your true selves, for the “body” is now liable to sickness and death: but the soul being now saved, both soul and body at last shall be so (James 5:15, James 5:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 1:19-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 1:21

Therefore laying aside — As a dirty garment. All the filthiness and superfluity of wickedness — For however specious or necessary it may appear to worldly wisdom, all wickedness is both vile, hateful, contemptible, and really superfluous. Every reasonable end may be effectually answered without any kind or degree of it. Lay this, every known sin, aside, or all your hearing is vain. With meekness — Constant evenness and serenity of mind. Receive — Into your ears, your heart, your life. The word — Of the gospel. Ingrafted — In believers, by regeneration, James 1:18 and by habit, Hebrews 5:14. Which is able to save your souls — The hope of salvation nourishes meekness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 1:21

Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with (t) meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.

(t) By meekness he means modesty, and anything that is contrary to a haughty and proud spirit.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
lay:

Isaiah 2:20 In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made [each one] for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats;
Isaiah 30:22 Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.
Ezekiel 18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
Romans 13:12-13 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. ... Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
Ephesians 4:22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
Colossians 3:5-8 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry: ... But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
Hebrews 12:1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset [us], and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,
1 Peter 2:1 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,
1 Peter 2:11 Dearly beloved, I beseech [you] as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

filthiness:

James 4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded.
Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
Ephesians 5:4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.

and receive:

Psalms 25:9 The meek will he guide in judgment: and the meek will he teach his way.
Isaiah 29:19 The meek also shall increase [their] joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound;
Zephaniah 2:3 Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD'S anger.
Matthew 5:5 Blessed [are] the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
Acts 10:33 Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God.
1 Thessalonians 1:5 For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake.
1 Thessalonians 2:13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.

the engrafted:

John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life.
John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Romans 6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.
*marg.
Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
Hebrews 4:2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it].

which:

Acts 13:26 Men [and] brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
1 Corinthians 15:2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
Ephesians 1:13 In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. ... That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him];
1 Peter 1:9 Receiving the end of your faith, [even] the salvation of [your] souls.
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Ps 25:9. Is 2:20; 29:19; 30:22; 61:1. Ezk 18:31; 36:25. Zp 2:3. Mt 5:5. Jn 6:63, 68. Ac 10:33; 13:26. Ro 1:16; 6:17; 11:17; 13:12. 1Co 15:2. 2Co 7:1. Ep 1:13; 4:22; 5:4. Col 3:5. 1Th 1:5; 2:13. 2Ti 3:15. Tit 2:11. He 2:3; 4:2; 12:1. Jm 4:8. 1P 1:9; 2:1, 11.

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