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James 1:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but each man is tempted, when he is drawn away by his own lust, and enticed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away by his own lust, and enticed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But every one is tempted, drawn away, and enticed by his own lust;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, each one, is tempted, when, by his own coveting, he is drawn out and enticed,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and each one is tempted, by his own desires being led away and enticed,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But every man is tempted by his own concupiscence, being drawn away and allured.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But euery man is tempted, when hee is drawen away of his owne lust, and entised.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But each man from his concupiscence tempteth himself, and desireth, and is drawn away.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But every man is tempted by his own lust; and he lusteth, and is drawn away.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
every man 1538
{1538} Prime
ἕκαστος
hekastos
{hek'-as-tos}
As if a superlative of ἕκας [[hekas]] (afar); each or every.
is tempted, 3985
{3985} Prime
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
when he is drawn away 1828
{1828} Prime
ἐξέλκω
exelko
{ex-el'-ko}
From G1537 and G1670; to drag forth, that is, (figuratively) to entice (to sin).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
of 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
his own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
lust, 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
enticed. 1185
{1185} Prime
δελεάζω
deleazo
{del-eh-ad'-zo}
From the baes of G1388; to entrap, that is, (figuratively) delude.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 1:14

_ _ Every man, when tempted, is so through being drawn away of (again here, as in James 1:13, the Greek for “of” expresses the actual source, rather than the agent of temptation) his own lust. The cause of sin is in ourselves. Even Satan’s suggestions do not endanger us before they are made our own. Each one has his own peculiar (so the Greek) lust, arising from his own temperament and habit. Lust flows from the original birth-sin in man, inherited from Adam.

_ _ drawn away — the beginning step in temptation: drawn away from truth and virtue.

_ _ enticed — literally, “taken with a bait,” as fish are. The further progress: the man allowing himself (as the Greek middle voice implies) to be enticed to evil [Bengel]. “Lust” is here personified as the harlot that allures the man.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 1:13-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 1:14

Every man is tempted, when — In the beginning of the temptation. He is drawn away — Drawn out of God, his strong refuge. By his own desire — We are therefore to look for the cause of every sin, in, not out of ourselves. Even the injections of the devil cannot hurt before we make them our own. And every one has desires arising from his own constitution, tempers, habits, and way of life. And enticed — In the progress of the temptation, catching at the bait: so the original word signifies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
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James 4:1-2 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? ... Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.
Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth, and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually.
Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart [is] evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
Joshua 7:21-24 When I saw among the spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took them; and, behold, they [are] hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. ... And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor.
2 Samuel 11:2-3 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman [was] very beautiful to look upon. ... And David sent and enquired after the woman. And [one] said, [Is] not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?
1 Kings 21:2-4 And Ahab spake unto Naboth, saying, Give me thy vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it [is] near unto my house: and I will give thee for it a better vineyard than it; [or], if it seem good to thee, I will give thee the worth of it in money. ... And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread.
Job 31:9 If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or [if] I have laid wait at my neighbour's door;
Job 31:27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:
Proverbs 4:23 Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.
Isaiah 44:20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Hosea 13:9 O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me [is] thine help.
Matthew 5:28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
Matthew 15:18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man.
Matthew 15:20 These are [the things] which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.
Mark 7:21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,
Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:
Romans 7:11 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew [me].
Romans 7:13 Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful.
Ephesians 4:22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:5; 8:21. Jsh 7:21. 2S 11:2. 1K 21:2. Jb 31:9, 27. Pv 4:23. Is 44:20. Ho 13:9. Mt 5:28; 15:18, 20. Mk 7:21, 22. Ro 7:11, 13. Ep 4:22. He 3:13. Jm 4:1.

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