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James 1:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the sun ariseth with the scorching wind, and withereth the grass: and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his goings.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the sun rises with a scorching wind and withers the grass; and its flower falls off and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed; so too the rich man in the midst of his pursuits will fade away.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the sun hath no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and its flower falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the sun has risen with its burning heat, and has withered the grass, and its flower has fallen, and the comeliness of its look has perished: thus the rich also shall wither in his goings.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For the sun hath sprung up, with it scorching heat, and hath withered the grass, and, the flower thereof, hath fallen out, and, the beauty of the face thereof, hath perished,—so, also the rich, in his goings, shall languish.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the sun did rise with the burning heat, and did wither the grass, and the flower of it fell, and the grace of its appearance did perish, so also the rich in his way shall fade away!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the sun rose with a burning heat and parched the grass: and the flower thereof fell off, and the beauty of the shape thereof perished. So also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the Sunne is no sooner risen with a burning heate, but it withereth the grasse; and the flowre thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his wayes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the sun ariseth in his heat, and drieth the herb, and the flower of it falleth, and the beauty of its appearance perisheth; so also the rich withereth in his reverses.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the sun riseth in its heat, and drieth up the herb; and its flower falleth, and the beauty of its appearance perisheth: so also the rich man withereth in his ways.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sun 2246
{2246} Prime
ἥλιος
helios
{hay'-lee-os}
From ἕλη [[hele]] (a ray; perhaps akin to the alternate of G0138); the sun; by implication light.
is no sooner risen 393
{0393} Prime
ἀνατέλλω
anatello
{an-at-el'-lo}
From G0303 and the base of G5056; to (cause to) arise.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
a burning heat, 2742
{2742} Prime
καύσων
kauson
{kow'-sone}
From G2741; a glare.
but 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
it withereth 3583
{3583} Prime
ξηραίνω
xeraino
{xay-rah'-ee-no}
From G3584; to desiccate; by implication to shrivel, to mature.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
grass, 5528
{5528} Prime
χόρτος
chortos
{khor'-tos}
Apparently a primary word; a 'court' or 'garden', that is, (by implication of pasture) herbage or vegetation.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
flower 438
{0438} Prime
ἄνθος
anthos
{anth'-os}
A primary word; a blossom.
thereof 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
falleth, 1601
{1601} Prime
ἐκπίπτω
ekpipto
{ek-pip'-to}
From G1537 and G4098; to drop away; specifically be driven out of one's course; figuratively to lose, become inefficient.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
grace 2143
{2143} Prime
εὐπρέπεια
euprepeia
{yoo-prep'-i-ah}
From a compound of G2095 and G4241; good suitableness, that is, gracefulness.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fashion 4383
{4383} Prime
πρόσωπον
prosopon
{pros'-o-pon}
From G4314 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the visage; from G3700); the front (as being towards view), that is, the countenance, aspect, appearance, surface; by implication presence, person.
of it 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
perisheth: 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5639
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
shall y3133
[3133] Standard
μαραίνω
maraino
{mar-ah'-ee-no}
Of uncertain affinity; to extinguish (as fire), that is, (figuratively and passively) to pass away.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
rich man 4145
{4145} Prime
πλούσιος
plousios
{ploo'-see-os}
From G4149; wealthy; figuratively abounding with.
fade away 3133
{3133} Prime
μαραίνω
maraino
{mar-ah'-ee-no}
Of uncertain affinity; to extinguish (as fire), that is, (figuratively and passively) to pass away.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
ways. 4197
{4197} Prime
πορεία
poreia
{por-i'-ah}
From G4198; travel (by land); figuratively (plural) proceedings, that is, career.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

James 1:11

_ _ Taken from Isaiah 40:6-8.

_ _ heat — rather, “the hot wind” from the (east or) south, which scorches vegetation (Luke 12:55). The “burning heat” of the sun is not at its rising, but rather at noon; whereas the scorching Kadim wind is often at sunrise (Jonah 4:8) [Middleton, The Doctrine of the Greek Article]. Matthew 20:12 uses the Greek word for “heat.” Isaiah 40:7, “bloweth upon it,” seems to answer to “the hot wind” here.

_ _ grace of the fashion — that is of the external appearance.

_ _ in his ways — referring to the burdensome extent of the rich man’s devices [Bengel]. Compare “his ways,” that is, his course of life, James 1:8.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 1:2-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 1:11

For the sun arose and withered the grass — There is an unspeakable beauty and elegance, both in the comparison itself, and in the very manner of expressing it, intimating both the certainty and the suddenness of the event. So shall the rich fade away in his ways — In the midst of his various pleasures and employments.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 1:11

For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his (k) ways.

(k) Whatever he purposes in his mind or does.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
risen:

Isaiah 49:10 They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Jonah 4:7-8 But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered. ... And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, [It is] better for me to die than to live.
Matthew 13:6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
Mark 4:6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.

so:

James 5:1-7 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. ... Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.
Job 21:24-30 His breasts are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with marrow. ... That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.
Psalms 37:35-36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. ... Yet he passed away, and, lo, he [was] not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.
Psalms 49:6-14 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; ... Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.
Psalms 73:18-20 Surely thou didst set them in slippery places: thou castedst them down into destruction. ... As a dream when [one] awaketh; [so], O Lord, when thou awakest, thou shalt despise their image.
Ecclesiastes 5:15 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand.
Isaiah 28:1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!
Isaiah 28:4 And the glorious beauty, which [is] on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, [and] as the hasty fruit before the summer; which [when] he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
Isaiah 40:7-8 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people [is] grass. ... The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.
Luke 12:16-21 And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully: ... So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
Luke 16:19-25 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day: ... But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.
1 Corinthians 7:31 And they that use this world, as not abusing [it]: for the fashion of this world passeth away.
1 Peter 1:4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
1 Peter 5:4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
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Jb 21:24. Ps 37:35; 49:6; 73:18. Ec 5:15. Is 28:1, 4; 40:7; 49:10. Jna 4:7. Mt 13:6. Mk 4:6. Lk 12:16; 16:19. 1Co 7:31. Jm 5:1. 1P 1:4; 5:4.

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