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James 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and the rich man [is to glory] in his humiliation, because like flowering grass he will pass away.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the rich in his humiliation, because as [the] grass's flower he will pass away.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whereas the rich, in his being brought low,—because, as a flower of grass, he will pass away;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the rich in his becoming low, because as a flower of grass he shall pass away;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the rich, in his being low: because as the flower of the grass shall he pass away.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the rich, in that hee is made low: because as the floure of the grasse he shall passe away.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and the rich in his humility; for as the flower of an herb, so he passeth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and the rich, in his depression; because, like the flower of an herb, so he passeth away.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
rich, 4145
{4145} Prime
πλούσιος
plousios
{ploo'-see-os}
From G4149; wealthy; figuratively abounding with.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
that he y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
is made low: 5014
{5014} Prime
ταπείνωσις
tapeinosis
{tap-i'-no-sis}
From G5013; depression (in rank or feeling).
because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
the flower 438
{0438} Prime
ἄνθος
anthos
{anth'-os}
A primary word; a blossom.
of the grass 5528
{5528} Prime
χόρτος
chortos
{khor'-tos}
Apparently a primary word; a 'court' or 'garden', that is, (by implication of pasture) herbage or vegetation.
he shall pass away. 3928
{3928} Prime
παρέρχομαι
parerchomai
{par-er'-khom-ahee}
From G3844 and G2064; to come near or aside, that is, to approach (arrive), go by (or away), (figuratively) perish or neglect, (causatively) avert.
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on James 1:9-10.


James 1:10

_ _ So far as one is merely “rich” in worldly goods, “he shall pass away”; in so far as his predominant character is that of a “brother,” he “abideth for ever” (1 John 2:17). This view meets all Alford’s objections to regarding “the rich” here as a “brother” at all. To avoid making the rich a brother, he translates, “But the rich glories in his humiliation,” namely, in that which is really his debasement (his rich state, Philippians 3:19), just as the low is told to rejoice in what is really his exaltation (his lowly state).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on James 1:2-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

James 1:10

But the rich, in that he is made low — Is humbled by a deep sense of his true condition. Because as the flower — Beautiful, but transient. He shall pass away — Into eternity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

James 1:10

(8) But the (i) rich, in that he is made low: (9) because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.

(8) Before he concludes, he gives a doctrine contrasted to the former: that is, how we ought to use prosperity, that is, the abundance of all things: that is, so that no man pleases himself, but rather be humble.

(i) Who has all things at his will. (9) An argument taken from the very nature of the things themselves, for that they are empty and unreliable.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in:

Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Isaiah 66:2 For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Matthew 5:3 Blessed [are] the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Philippians 3:8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ,
1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;

because:

James 4:14 Whereas ye know not what [shall be] on the morrow. For what [is] your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.
Job 14:2 He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down: he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.
Psalms 37:2 For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb.
Psalms 37:35-36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. ... Yet he passed away, and, lo, he [was] not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.
Psalms 90:5-6 Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are [as] a sleep: in the morning [they are] like grass [which] groweth up. ... In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth.
Psalms 102:11 My days [are] like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass.
Psalms 103:15 [As for] man, his days [are] as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth.
Isaiah 40:6 The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh [is] grass, and all the goodliness thereof [is] as the flower of the field:
Matthew 6:30 Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, [shall he] not much more [clothe] you, O ye of little faith?
1 Corinthians 7:31 And they that use this world, as not abusing [it]: for the fashion of this world passeth away.
1 Peter 1:24 For all flesh [is] as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:
1 John 2:17 And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 14:2. Ps 37:2, 35; 90:5; 102:11; 103:15. Is 40:6; 57:15; 66:2. Mt 5:3; 6:30. 1Co 7:31. Php 3:8. 1Ti 6:17. Jm 4:14. 1P 1:24. 1Jn 2:17.

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