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Isaiah 9:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For all the armor of the armed man in the tumult, and the garments rolled in blood, shall be for burning, for fuel of fire.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be with burning [and] fuel of fire.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For every boot of the booted warrior in the [battle] tumult, And cloak rolled in blood, will be for burning, fuel for the fire.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be with burning [and] fuel of fire.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For every boot of him that is shod for the tumult, and the garment rolled in blood, shall be for burning, fuel for fire.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Surely, every boot of one tramping in tumult, and the war-cloak rolled in blood, Then shall serve for burning, food for fire;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For every battle of a warrior [is] with rushing, and raiment rolled in blood, And it hath been for burning—fuel of fire.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For every violent taking of spoils, with tumult, and garment mingled with blood, shall be burnt, and be fuel for the fire.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For euery battell of the warriour [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be with burning [and] fewell of fire.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For they shall compensate for every garment that has been acquired by deceit, and [all] raiment with restitution; and they shall be willing, [even] if they were burnt with fire.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be with burning [and] fuel of fire.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
battle 5430
{5430} Prime
סְאוֹן
c@'own
{seh-own'}
From H5431; perhaps a military boot (as a protection from mud).
of the warrior 5431
{5431} Prime
סָאַן
ca'an
{saw-an'}
A primitive root; to be miry; used only as denominative from H5430; to shoe, that is, (active participle) a soldier shod.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[is] with confused noise, 7494
{7494} Prime
רַעַשׁ
ra`ash
{rah'-ash}
From H7493; vibration, bounding, uproar.
and garments 8071
{8071} Prime
שִׂמְלָה
simlah
{sim-law'}
Perhaps by permutation for the feminine of H5566 (through the idea of a cover assuming the shape of the object beneath); a dress, especially a mantle.
rolled 1556
{1556} Prime
גּלל
galal
{gaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to roll (literally or figuratively).
z8775
<8775> Grammar
Stem - Poal (See H8843)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 4
in blood; 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
but [this] shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
with burning 8316
{8316} Prime
שְׂרֵפָה
s@rephah
{ser-ay-faw'}
From H8313; cremation.
[and] fuel 3980
{3980} Prime
מַאֲכֹלֶת
ma'akoleth
{mah-ak-o'-leth}
From H0398; something eaten (by fire), that is, fuel.
of fire. 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 9:5

_ _ every battle, etc. — rather, “every greave of (the warrior who is) armed with greaves in the din of battle, and the martial garment (or cloak, called by the Latins sagum) rolled in blood, shall be for burning, (and) fuel for fire” [Maurer]. All warlike accoutrements shall be destroyed, as no longer required in the new era of peace (Isaiah 2:4; Isaiah 11:6, Isaiah 11:7; Psalms 46:9; Ezekiel 39:9; Micah 5:5, Micah 5:10; Zechariah 9:9, Zechariah 9:10). Compare Malachi 4:1, as to the previous burning up of the wicked.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 9:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 9:5

Noise — With the triumphant exclamations of the conqueror, and the bitter lamentations of the conquered, and the different cries of the same persons, sometimes conquering, and sometimes conquered. Blood — With great difficulty and slaughter. But — But this victory which God's people shall have over all their enemies, shall be more terrible to their adversaries, whom God will utterly consume, as it were by fire.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 9:5

For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be (i) with burning [and] fuel of fire.

(i) He speaks of the deliverance of his Church, which he has delivered miraculously from his enemies, but especially by the coming of Christ of whom he prophecies in the next verse.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
For every battle:
etc. or, When the whole battle of the warrior was, etc

confused noise:

Isaiah 13:4 The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together: the LORD of hosts mustereth the host of the battle.
1 Samuel 14:19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that [was] in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
Jeremiah 47:3 At the noise of the stamping of the hoofs of his strong [horses], at the rushing of his chariots, [and at] the rumbling of his wheels, the fathers shall not look back to [their] children for feebleness of hands;
Joel 2:5 Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array.
Nahum 3:2 The noise of a whip, and the noise of the rattling of the wheels, and of the pransing horses, and of the jumping chariots.

but this shall be:
or, and it was, etc

burning:

Isaiah 4:4 When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.
Isaiah 10:16-17 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire. ... And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day;
Isaiah 30:33 For Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made [it] deep [and] large: the pile thereof [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.
Isaiah 66:15-16 For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. ... For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.
Psalms 46:9 He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire.
Ezekiel 39:8-10 Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this [is] the day whereof I have spoken. ... So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down [any] out of the forests; for they shall burn the weapons with fire: and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and rob those that robbed them, saith the Lord GOD.
Malachi 3:2-3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he [is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: ... And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
Matthew 3:11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and [with] fire:
Acts 2:3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
Acts 2:19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

fuel:
Heb. meat,
Leviticus 3:11 And the priest shall burn it upon the altar: [it is] the food of the offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Leviticus 3:16 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: [it is] the food of the offering made by fire for a sweet savour: all the fat [is] the LORD'S.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 3:11, 16. 1S 14:19. Ps 46:9. Is 4:4; 10:16; 13:4; 30:33; 37:36; 66:15. Jr 47:3. Ezk 39:8. Jol 2:5. Na 3:2. Mal 3:2. Mt 3:11. Ac 2:3, 19. 2Th 1:8.

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