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Isaiah 9:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, thou hast broken as in the day of Midian.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For You shall break the yoke of their burden and the staff on their shoulders, The rod of their oppressor, as at the battle of Midian.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the yoke of their burden, The cross-bar of their shoulder, The goad of their driver, Hast thou broken, as in the day of Midian.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Because the yoke of its burden, And the staff of its shoulder, the rod of its exactor, Thou hast broken as [in] the day of Midian.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the yoke of their burden, and the rod of their shoulder, and the sceptre of their oppressor thou hast overcome, as in the day of Madian.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staffe of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressour, as in the day of Midian.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Because the yoke that was laid upon them has been taken away, and the rod that was on their neck: for he has broken the rod of the exactors, as in the day of Midian{gr.Madiam}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midyan.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou hast broken 2865
{2865} Prime
חָתַת
chathath
{khaw-thath'}
A primitive root; properly to prostrate; hence to break down, either (literally) by violence, or (figuratively) by confusion and fear.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the yoke 5923
{5923} Prime
עֹל
`ol
{ole}
From H5953; a yoke (as imposed on the neck), literally or figuratively.
of his burden, 5448
{5448} Prime
סֹבֶל
cobel
{so'-bel}
From H5445; a load (figuratively).
and the staff 4294
{4294} Prime
מַטֶּה
matteh
{mat-teh'}
From H5186; a branch (as extending); figuratively a tribe; also a rod, whether for chastising (figuratively correction), ruling (a sceptre), throwing (a lance), or walking (a staff; figuratively a support of life, for example bread).
of his shoulder, 7926
{7926} Prime
שְׁכֶם
sh@kem
{shek-em'}
From H7925; the neck (between the shoulders) as the place of burdens; figuratively the spur of a hill.
the rod 7626
{7626} Prime
שֵׁבֶט
shebet
{shay'-bet}
From an unused root probably meaning to branch off; a scion, that is, (literally) a stick (for punishing, writing, fighting, ruling, walking, etc.) or (figuratively) a clan.
of his oppressor, 5065
{5065} Prime
נגשׂ
nagas
{naw-gas'}
A primitive root; to drive (an animal, a workman, a debtor, an army); by implication to tax, harass, tyrannize.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
as in the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of Miyn מִדיָן. 4080
{4080} Prime
מִדְיָן
Midyan
{mid-yawn'}
The same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 9:4

_ _ The occasion of the “joy,” the deliverance not only of Ahaz and Judah from the Assyrian tribute (2 Kings 16:8), and of Israel’s ten tribes from the oppressor (2 Kings 15:19), but of the Jewish Christian Church from its last great enemy.

_ _ hast — the past time for the future, in prophetic vision; it expresses the certainty of the event.

_ _ yoke of his burden — the yoke with which he was burdened.

_ _ staff of ... shoulder — the staff which strikes his shoulder [Maurer]; or the wood, like a yoke, on the neck of slaves, the badge of servitude [Rosenmuller].

_ _ day of Midian — (Judges 7:8-22). As Gideon with a handful of men conquered the hosts of Midian, so Messiah the “child” (Isaiah 9:6) shall prove to be the “Prince of peace,” and the small Israel under Him shall overcome the mighty hosts of Antichrist (compare Micah 5:2-5), containing the same contrast, and alluding also to “the Assyrian,” the then enemy of the Church, as here in Isaiah, the type of the last great enemy. For further analogies between Gideon’s victory and the Gospel, compare 2 Corinthians 4:7, with Judges 7:22. As the “dividing of the spoil” (Isaiah 9:3) was followed by that which was “not joy,” the making of the idolatrous ephod (Judges 8:24-27), so the gospel victory was soon followed by apostasy at the first, and shall be so again after the millennial overthrow of Antichrist (Revelation 20:3, Revelation 20:7-9), previous to Satan’s last doom (Revelation 20:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 9:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 9:4

The yoke — His burdensome yoke. The staff — The staff or staves by which he was forced to carry burdens upon his shoulders. The rod — Wherewith he beat him. Oppressor — Of all his oppressors, but especially of sin and the devil. As — When God destroyed the Midianites in so admirable a manner by three hundred men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 9:4

For thou hast broken the (h) yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.

(h) You gave them perfect joy by delivering them, and by destroying the tyrants, that had kept them in cruel bondage, as you delivered them by Gideon from the Midianites, (Judges 7:21).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
For thou hast broken:
or, When thou brakest,
Isaiah 14:25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.
Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted mine inheritance, and given them into thine hand: thou didst shew them no mercy; upon the ancient hast thou very heavily laid thy yoke.
Genesis 27:40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.
Leviticus 26:13 I [am] the LORD your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bands of your yoke, and made you go upright.
Jeremiah 30:8 For it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, [that] I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst thy bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him:
Nahum 1:13 For now will I break his yoke from off thee, and will burst thy bonds in sunder.

the staff:

Isaiah 10:5 O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.
Isaiah 10:27 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.
Isaiah 14:3-5 And it shall come to pass in the day that the LORD shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve, ... The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, [and] the sceptre of the rulers.
Isaiah 30:31-32 For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be beaten down, [which] smote with a rod. ... And [in] every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the LORD shall lay upon him, [it] shall be with tabrets and harps: and in battles of shaking will he fight with it.
Psalms 125:3 For the rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands unto iniquity.

as in the day:

Isaiah 10:26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and [as] his rod [was] upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.
Judges 6:1-6 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years. ... And Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites; and the children of Israel cried unto the LORD.
Judges 7:22-25 And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, [and] to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath. ... And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.
Judges 8:10-12 Now Zebah and Zalmunna [were] in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand [men], all that were left of all the hosts of the children of the east: for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword. ... And when Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued after them, and took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.
Psalms 83:9-11 Do unto them as [unto] the Midianites; as [to] Sisera, as [to] Jabin, at the brook of Kison: ... Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:40. Lv 26:13. Jg 6:1; 7:22; 8:10. Ps 83:9; 125:3. Is 10:5, 26, 27; 14:3, 25; 30:31; 47:6. Jr 30:8. Na 1:13.

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