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Isaiah 9:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Through the wrath of Jehovah of hosts is the land burnt up; and the people are as the fuel of fire: no man spareth his brother.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— By the fury of the LORD of hosts the land is burned up, And the people are like fuel for the fire; No man spares his brother.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Through the wrath of Jehovah of hosts is the land burned up, and the people is as fuel for fire: a man spareth not his brother;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Through the wrath of Yahweh of hosts, is the land consumed,—And, the people, have come to be, as fuel for fire, A man, unto his own brother, sheweth not pity;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the wrath of Jehovah of Hosts Hath the land been consumed, And the people is as fuel of fire; A man on his brother hath no pity,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By the wrath of the Lord of hosts the land is troubled, and the people shall be as fuel for the fire: no man shall spare his brother.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuell of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The whole earth is set on fire because of the fierce anger of the Lord, and the people shall be as men burnt by fire: no man shall pity his brother.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Through the wrath of Yahweh Tzevaoth is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Through the wrath 5678
{5678} Prime
Feminine of H5676; an outburst of passion.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת 6635
{6635} Prime
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
is the land 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
darkened, 6272
{6272} Prime
A primitive root; probably to glow, that is, (figuratively) be desolated.
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
and the people 5971
{5971} Prime
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
as the fuel 3980
{3980} Prime
From H0398; something eaten (by fire), that is, fuel.
of the fire: 784
{0784} Prime
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
no x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
man 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall spare 2550
{2550} Prime
A primitive root; to commiserate; by implication to spare.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
his brother. 251
{0251} Prime
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 9:18-21.

Isaiah 9:19

_ _ darkened — namely, with smoke (Isaiah 9:18). The Septuagint and Chaldee render it, “is burnt up,” so Maurer, from an Arabic root meaning “suffocating heat.”

_ _ no man ... spare ... brother — intestine discord snapping asunder the dearest ties of nature.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 9:8-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 9:19

Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall (q) spare his brother.

(q) Though there was no foreign enemy, yet they will destroy one another.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is the land:

Isaiah 5:30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.
Isaiah 8:22 And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and [they shall be] driven to darkness.
Isaiah 24:11-12 [There is] a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone. ... In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.
Isaiah 60:2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains, and, while ye look for light, he turn it into the shadow of death, [and] make [it] gross darkness.
Joel 2:2 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations.
Amos 5:18 Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end [is] it for you? the day of the LORD [is] darkness, and not light.
Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
Acts 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:

Heb. meat,
Isaiah 9:5 For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be with burning [and] fuel of fire.

no man:

Isaiah 13:18 [Their] bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.
Ezekiel 9:5 And to the others he said in mine hearing, Go ye after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have ye pity:
Micah 7:2 The good [man] is perished out of the earth: and [there is] none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net.
Micah 7:6 For the son dishonoureth the father, the daughter riseth up against her mother, the daughter in law against her mother in law; a man's enemies [are] the men of his own house.
2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
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Is 5:30; 8:22; 9:5; 13:18; 24:11; 60:2. Jr 13:16. Ezk 9:5. Jol 2:2. Am 5:18. Mi 7:2, 6. Mt 27:45. Ac 2:20. 2P 2:4.

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