Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Isaiah 9:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For wickedness burneth as the fire; it devoureth the briers and thorns; yea, it kindleth in the thickets of the forest, and they roll upward in a column of smoke.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For wickedness burneth as the fire: it shall devour the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall mount up [like] the lifting up of smoke.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For wickedness burns like a fire; It consumes briars and thorns; It even sets the thickets of the forest aflame And they roll upward in a column of smoke.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For wickedness burneth as the fire: it shall devour the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall mount up [like] the rising of smoke.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For wickedness burneth as a fire: it devoureth briars and thorns, and kindleth in the thickets of the forest, and they go rolling up like a pillar of smoke.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For lawlessness, hath consumed like fire, Briars and thorns, doth it devour,—Yea it hath kindled upon the thickets of the forest, And they have rolled up, as a column of smoke.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For burned as a fire hath wickedness, Brier and thorn it devoureth, And it kindleth in thickets of the forest, And they lift themselves up, an exaltation of smoke!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For wickedness is kindled as a fire, it shall devour the brier and the thorn: and shall kindle in the thicket of the forest, and it shall be wrapped up in smoke ascending on high.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For wickednes burneth as the fire: it shall deuoure the briers and thornes, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forrest, and they shall mount vp [like] the lifting vp of smoke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And iniquity shall burn as fire, and shall be devoured by fire as dry grass: and it shall burn in the thickets of the wood, and shall devour all that is round about the hills.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For wickedness burneth as the fire: it shall devour the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall mount up [like] the lifting up of smoke.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
wickedness 7564
{7564} Prime
Feminine of H7562; wrong (especially moral).
burneth 1197
{1197} Prime
A primitive root; to kindle, that is, consume (by fire or by eating); also (as denominative from H1198) to be (become) brutish.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
as the fire: 784
{0784} Prime
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
it shall devour 398
{0398} Prime
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the briers 8068
{8068} Prime
From H8104 in the original sense of pricking; a thorn; also (from its keenness for scratching) a gem, probably the diamond.
and thorns, 7898
{7898} Prime
From H7896; scrub or trash, that is, wild growth of weeds or briers (as if put on the field).
and shall kindle 3341
{3341} Prime
A primitive root; to burn or set on fire; figuratively to desolate.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the thickets 5442
{5442} Prime
From H5440; a copse.
of the forest, 3293
{3293} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to thicken with verdure; a copse of bushes; hence a forest; hence honey in the comb (as hived in trees).
and they shall mount up 55
{0055} Prime
A primitive root; probably to coil upward.
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
[like] the lifting up 1348
{1348} Prime
From H1342; the same as H1346.
of smoke. 6227
{6227} Prime
From H6225; smoke, literally or figuratively (vapor, dust, anger).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 9:18-21

_ _ Third strophe.

_ _ burneth — maketh consumption, not only spreading rapidly, but also consuming like fire: sin is its own punishment.

_ _ briers ... thorns — emblem of the wicked; especially those of low rank (Isaiah 27:4; 2 Samuel 23:6).

_ _ forest — from the humble shrubbery the flame spreads to the vast forest; it reaches the high, as well as the low.

_ _ mount up like ... smoke — rather. “They (the thickets of the forest) shall lift themselves proudly aloft [the Hebrew is from a Syriac root, a cock, expressing stateliness of motion, from his strutting gait, Horsley], in (in passing into) volumes of ascending smoke” [Maurer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 9:8-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 9:18

Burneth — Shall burn you, as it follows, shall devour. Thorns — The low and mean persons; for these are opposed to the thickets of the forest, in the next clause. Forest — In the wood, where the trees are tall, and stand thick, having their bows entangled together, which makes them more ready both to catch and to spread the fire. Smoak — Sending up smoak like a vast furnace.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 9:18

For wickedness (p) burneth as the fire: it shall devour the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall mount up [like] the rising of smoke.

(b) Wickedness as a bellows kindles the fire of God's wrath which consumes all his obstinate enemies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 1:31 And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench [them].
Isaiah 30:30 And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of [his] anger, and [with] the flame of a devouring fire, [with] scattering, and tempest, and hailstones.
Isaiah 30:33 For Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made [it] deep [and] large: the pile thereof [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
Isaiah 33:12 And the people shall be [as] the burnings of lime: [as] thorns cut up shall they be burned in the fire.
Isaiah 34:8-10 For [it is] the day of the LORD'S vengeance, [and] the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion. ... It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
Isaiah 66:16-17 For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many. ... They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one [tree] in the midst, eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the LORD.
Numbers 11:1-3 And [when] the people complained, it displeased the LORD: and the LORD heard [it]; and his anger was kindled; and the fire of the LORD burnt among them, and consumed [them that were] in the uttermost parts of the camp. ... And he called the name of the place Taberah: because the fire of the LORD burnt among them.
Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.
Job 31:11-12 For this [is] an heinous crime; yea, it [is] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judges. ... For it [is] a fire [that] consumeth to destruction, and would root out all mine increase.
Amos 7:4 Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed unto me: and, behold, the Lord GOD called to contend by fire, and it devoured the great deep, and did eat up a part.
Nahum 1:6 Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by him.
Nahum 1:10 For while [they be] folden together [as] thorns, and while they are drunken [as] drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.
Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
Matthew 13:49-50 So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, ... And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
Mark 9:43-50 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: ... Salt [is] good: but if the salt have lost his saltness, wherewith will ye season it? Have salt in yourselves, and have peace one with another.

it shall:

Isaiah 10:16-18 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire. ... And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearer fainteth.
Isaiah 27:4 Fury [is] not in me: who would set the briers [and] thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.
Hebrews 6:8 But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.

shall kindle:

Ezekiel 20:47-48 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. ... And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched.


Isaiah 5:24 Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, [so] their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
Psalms 37:20 But the wicked shall perish, and the enemies of the LORD [shall be] as the fat of lambs: they shall consume; into smoke shall they consume away.
Hosea 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff [that] is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
Joel 2:20 But I will remove far off from you the northern [army], and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.
Revelation 14:11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes

Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 11:1. Dt 32:22. Jb 31:11. Ps 37:20. Is 1:31; 5:24; 10:16; 27:4; 30:30, 33; 33:12; 34:8; 66:16. Ezk 20:47. Ho 13:3. Jol 2:20. Am 7:4. Na 1:6, 10. Mal 4:1. Mt 13:49; 25:41. Mk 9:43. He 6:8. Rv 14:11.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Isaiah 9:18.

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Isaiah 9:18

Recent Chat Bible Comments