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Isaiah 9:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore Jehovah will set up on high against him the adversaries of Rezin, and will stir up his enemies,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore the LORD shall set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore the LORD raises against them adversaries from Rezin And spurs their enemies on,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore the LORD will set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah will set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and arm his enemies,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore will Yahweh strengthen the adversaries of Resin against him,—And his enemies will he arouse:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah setteth the adversaries of Rezin on high above him, And his enemies he joineth together,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord shall set up the enemies of Rasin over him, and shall bring on his enemies in a crowd:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore the LORD shall set vp the aduersaries of Rezin against him, and ioyne his enemies together.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And God shall dash down them that rise up against him on mount Zion{gr.Sion}, and shall scatter his enemies;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore Yahweh shall set up the adversaries of Retzin against him, and join his enemies together;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
shall set up 7682
{7682} Prime
שָׂגַב
sagab
{saw-gab'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) lofty, especially inaccessible; by implication safe, strong; used literally and figuratively.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the adversaries 6862
{6862} Prime
צַר
tsar
{tsar}
From H6887; narrow; (as a noun) a tight place (usually figuratively, that is, trouble); also a pebble (as in H6864); (transitively) an opponent (as crowding).
of Rxn רְצִין 7526
{7526} Prime
רְצִין
R@tsiyn
{rets-een'}
Probably for H7522; Retsin, the name of a Syrian and of an Israelite.
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him, and join y5526
[5526] Standard
סָכַךְ
cakak
{saw-kak'}
A primitive root; properly to entwine as a screen; by implication to fence in, cover over, (figuratively) protect.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
his enemies y341
[0341] Standard
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
together; 5526
{5526} Prime
סָכַךְ
cakak
{saw-kak'}
A primitive root; properly to entwine as a screen; by implication to fence in, cover over, (figuratively) protect.
z8770
<8770> Grammar
Stem - Pilpel (See H8842)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 18
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
x341
(0341) Complement
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 9:11

_ _ adversaries of Rezin — the Assyrians, who shall first attack Damascus, shall next advance “against him” (Ephraim). This is the punishment of Ephraim’s pride in making light (Isaiah 9:10) of the judgment already inflicted by God through Tiglath-pileser (2 Kings 15:29). A second Assyrian invasion (see on Isaiah 7:1) shall follow. The reading “princes” for “adversaries” in uncalled for.

_ _ join — rather, “arm”; cover with armor [Maurer].

_ _ his — Rezin’s.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 9:8-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 9:11

Therefore — To chastise your pride, and defeat your hopes. Set up — The Assyrians, who, presently after this prophecy, prevailed against him, 2 Kings 16:7. He mentions Rezin, because he was confederate with Ephraim. Join — So that they shall invade him from several quarters. His — Not Rezin's, but Ephraim.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 9:11

Therefore the LORD shall set up the adversaries of (o) Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;

(o) Rezin king of Syria, who was in league with Israel, was slain by the Assyrians, after whose death, Aram that is, the Syrians were against Israel, who on the other side were assailed by the Philistines.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
set up:

Isaiah 8:4-7 For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother, the riches of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria shall be taken away before the king of Assyria. ... Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, [even] the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks:
Isaiah 10:9-11 [Is] not Calno as Carchemish? [is] not Hamath as Arpad? [is] not Samaria as Damascus? ... Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols?
Isaiah 17:1-5 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from [being] a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap. ... And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim.
2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
2 Kings 16:9 And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried [the people of] it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.

join:
Heb. mingle
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2K 15:29; 16:9. Is 8:4; 10:9; 17:1.

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