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Isaiah 8:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, I and the children whom Jehovah hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from Jehovah of hosts, who dwelleth in mount Zion.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me [are] for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Behold, I and the children whom the LORD has given me are for signs and wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, who dwells on Mount Zion.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me [are] for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, who dwelleth in mount Zion.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold, I and the children that Jehovah hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel, from Jehovah of hosts, who dwelleth in mount Zion.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! I, and the children whom Yahweh hath given, me, are for signs and for wonders, in Israel,—from Yahweh of hosts, who is making his habitation in Mount Zion.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, I, and the children whom Jehovah hath given to me, [Are] for signs and for wonders in Israel, From Jehovah of Hosts, who is dwelling in Mount Zion.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold I and my children, whom the Lord hath given me for a sign, and for a wonder in Israel from the Lord of hosts, who dwelleth in mount Sion.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, I, and the children whom the LORD hath giuen me, [are] for signes, and for wonders in Israel: from the LORD of hostes, which dwelleth in mount Zion.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Behold I and the children which God has given me: and they shall be [for] signs and wonders in the house of Israel from the Lord of hosts, who dwells in mount Zion{gr.Sion}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, I and the children whom Yahweh hath given me [are] for signs and for wonders in Yisrael from Yahweh Tzevaoth, which dwelleth in mount Tziyyon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
I x595
(0595) Complement
אָנֹכִי
'anokiy
{aw-no-kee'}
A primitive pronoun; I.
and the children 3206
{3206} Prime
יֶלֶד
yeled
{yeh'-led}
From H3205; something born, that is, a lad or offspring.
whom x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me [are] for signs 226
{0226} Prime
אוֹת
'owth
{oth}
Probably from H0225 (in the sense of appearing); a signal (literally or figuratively), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.
and for wonders 4159
{4159} Prime
מוֹפֶת
mowpheth
{mo-faith'}
From H3302 in the sense of conspicuousness; a miracle; by implication a token or omen.
in Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת, 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
which dwelleth 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in mount 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
Xiyyn צִיּוֹן. 6726
{6726} Prime
צִיּוֹן
Tsiyown
{tsee-yone'}
The same (regular) as H6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 8:18

_ _ I and the children — Isaiah means “salvation of Jehovah”; His children’s names, also (Isaiah 7:3, Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 8:3), were “signs” suggestive of the coming and final deliverance.

_ _ wonders — that is, symbols of the future (Isaiah 20:3; Zechariah 3:8). “Behold I ... me” is quoted in Hebrews 2:13 to prove the manhood of the Messiah. This is the main and ultimate fulfillment of the prophecy; its temporary meaning is applied to Ahaz’ time. Isaiah typically, in Isaiah 8:17, Isaiah 8:18, personates Messiah, who is at once “Father” and “Son,” Isaiah and Immanuel, “Child” and “Mighty God,” and is therefore called here a “wonder,” as in Isaiah 9:6, “Wonderful.” Hence in Hebrews 2:13, believers are called His “children”; but in Isaiah 8:11, Isaiah 8:12, His “brethren.” On “the Lord hath given me,” see John 6:37, John 6:39; John 10:29; John 17:12.

_ _ which dwelleth in ... Zion — and will therefore protect Jerusalem.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 8:16-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 8:18

Behold — These words are literally spoken by Isaiah concerning himself, but mystically concerning Christ; and therefore they are fitly ascribed to Christ, Hebrews 2:13. The children — His spiritual children, whom he had either begotten or brought up by his ministry. Wonders — Are a gazing flock, for our folly in believing God's promises. From the Lord — Which comes to pass by the wise providence of God. Zion — Where the temple now was, and where the Messiah was to set up his kingdom.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 8:18

Behold, I and the (s) children whom the LORD hath given me [are] for signs and for wonders in Israel (t) from the LORD of hosts, who dwelleth in mount Zion.

(s) Meaning, them who were willing to hear and obey the word of God whom the world hated, as though they were monsters and not worthy to live.

(t) This was a consolation in their troubles, knowing that nothing could come to them, but by the will of the Lord.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I and the:

Isaiah 8:3 And I went unto the prophetess; and she conceived, and bare a son. Then said the LORD to me, Call his name Mahershalalhashbaz.
Isaiah 7:3 Then said the LORD unto Isaiah, Go forth now to meet Ahaz, thou, and Shearjashub thy son, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field;
Isaiah 7:16 For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.
Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Psalms 22:30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
Hebrews 2:13-14 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me. ... Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

for signs:

Psalms 71:7 I am as a wonder unto many; but thou [art] my strong refuge.
Ezekiel 14:8 And I will set my face against that man, and will make him a sign and a proverb, and I will cut him off from the midst of my people; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Zechariah 3:8 Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they [are] men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.
Luke 2:34 And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this [child] is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;
1 Corinthians 4:9-13 For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. ... Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.
Hebrews 10:33 Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.

which:

Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
Isaiah 14:32 What shall [one] then answer the messengers of the nation? That the LORD hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it.
Isaiah 24:23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.
1 Chronicles 23:25 For David said, The LORD God of Israel hath given rest unto his people, that they may dwell in Jerusalem for ever:
Psalms 9:11 Sing praises to the LORD, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings.
Zechariah 8:3 Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain.
Hebrews 12:22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1Ch 23:25. Ps 9:11; 22:30; 71:7. Is 7:3, 16; 8:3; 12:6; 14:32; 24:23; 53:10. Ezk 14:8. Zc 3:8; 8:3. Lk 2:34. 1Co 4:9. He 2:13; 10:33; 12:22.

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