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Isaiah 8:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then He shall become a sanctuary; But to both the houses of Israel, a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over, [And] a snare and a trap for the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he will be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offense to both the houses of Israel, for a trap and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he will be for a sanctuary; and for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So shall he become a hallowed asylum,—But a stone to strike against, and a rock to stumble over, unto both houses of Israel, A trap and a snare to the dweller in Jerusalem;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He hath been for a sanctuary, And for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of falling, To the two houses of Israel, For a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he shall be a sanctification to you. But for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offence to the two houses of Israel, for a snare and a ruin to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he shalbe for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rocke of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a ginne, and for a snare to the inhabitants of Ierusalem.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if thou shalt trust in him, he shall be to thee for a sanctuary; and ye shall not come against [him] as against a stumbling-stone, neither as against the falling of a rock: but the houses of Jacob are in a snare, and the dwellers in Jerusalem in a pit.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Yisrael, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Yerushalaim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
for a sanctuary; 4720
{4720} Prime
מִקְדָּשׁ
miqdash
{mik-dawsh'}
From H6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum.
but for a stone 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
of stumbling 5063
{5063} Prime
נֶגֶף
negeph
{neh'-ghef}
From H5062; a trip (of the foot); figuratively an infliction (of disease).
and for a rock 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
of offence 4383
{4383} Prime
מִכְשׁוֹל
mikshowl
{mik-shole'}
Masculine from H3782; a stumblingblock, literally or figuratively (obstacle, enticement (specifically an idol), scruple).
to both 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
the houses 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
for a gin 6341
{6341} Prime
פַּח
pach
{pakh}
From H6351; a (metallic) sheet (as pounded thin); also a spring net (as spread out like a lamina).
and for a snare 4170
{4170} Prime
מוֹקֵשׁ
mowqesh
{mo-kashe'}
From H3369; a noose (for catching animals), (literally or figuratively); by implication a hook (for the nose).
to the inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם. 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 8:12-16.


Isaiah 8:14

_ _ sanctuary — inviolable asylum, like the altar of the temple (1 Kings 1:50; 1 Kings 2:28; Ezekiel 11:16; compare Proverbs 18:10); namely, to those who fear and trust in Him.

_ _ but ... offence — that is, a rock over which they should fall to their hurt; namely those who would not believe.

_ _ both ... houses — Israel and Judah. Here again the prophecy expands beyond the temporary application in Ahaz’ time. The very stone, Immanuel, which would have been a sanctuary on belief, becomes a fatal stumbling-block through unbelief. Jesus Christ refers to this in Matthew 21:44. (Compare Deuteronomy 32:4, Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:18, Deuteronomy 32:30, Deuteronomy 32:31, Deuteronomy 32:37; Daniel 2:34; Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:8).

_ _ gin — trap, in which birds are unexpectedly caught (Luke 21:35; 1 Thessalonians 5:2). So at the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 8:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 8:14

Sanctuary — A sure refuge to all that truly fear him, and rely upon him. A stone — An occasion of sin and ruin, at whom they will take offence and stumble, so as to fall and be broken. To both — To the two kingdoms, that of the ten tribes, and that of the two tribes. Jerusalem — Which are distinctly mentioned, as a wonderful thing, because Jerusalem was the seat of the temple, and of God's solemn worship, where all the means of knowledge and grace were in greatest plenty, where the thrones of civil and ecclesiastical judicature were established, where the most wise and learned doctors had their constant abode. And that such a place and people should reject Immanuel when he should appear, was so strange an occurrence, that the prediction of it was highly necessary, lest otherwise, when it came to pass, it should shake the faith of all who did believe on him; whereas now the accomplishment hereof was a notable confirmation of their faith.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 8:14

And he shall be for a (q) sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a trap and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

(q) He will defend you who are his elect, and reject all the rest, meaning Christ against whom the Jews would stumble and fall, (Luke 2:23; Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:7,8).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he shall be:

Isaiah 26:20 Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast.
Psalms 46:1-2 [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.]] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. ... Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea;
Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD [is] a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.
Ezekiel 11:16 Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Although I have cast them far off among the heathen, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet will I be to them as a little sanctuary in the countries where they shall come.

a stone:

Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Luke 2:34 And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this [child] is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;
Romans 9:32-33 Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; ... As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Romans 11:9-11 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them: ... I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but [rather] through their fall salvation [is come] unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.
Romans 11:35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?
1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

a snare:

Psalms 11:6 Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: [this shall be] the portion of their cup.
Psalms 69:22 Let their table become a snare before them: and [that which should have been] for [their] welfare, [let it become] a trap.
Matthew 13:57 And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.
Luke 21:35 For as a snare shall it come on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth.
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Ps 11:6; 46:1; 69:22. Pv 18:10. Is 26:20; 28:16. Ezk 11:16. Mt 13:57. Lk 2:34; 21:35. Ro 9:32; 11:9, 35. 1P 2:8.

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