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Isaiah 8:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Say ye not, A conspiracy, concerning all whereof this people shall say, A conspiracy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be in dread [thereof].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Say ye not, A confederacy, to all [them to] whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You are not to say, ‘[It is] a conspiracy!’ In regard to all that this people call a conspiracy, And you are not to fear what they fear or be in dread of [it].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Say ye not, A confederacy, to all [them to] whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ye shall not say, Conspiracy, of everything of which this people saith, Conspiracy; and fear ye not their fear, and be not in dread.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye shall not say—A confederacy! of everything of which this people, may say, A confederacy! And, their fear, shall ye not fear or regard as awful:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Ye do not say, A confederacy, To all to whom this people saith, A confederacy, And its fear ye do not fear, Nor declare fearful.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Say ye not: A conspiracy: for all that this people speaketh, is a conspiracy: neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Say ye not, A confederacie to all them, to whom this people shall say, A confederacie; neither feare yee their feare, nor be afraid.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Let them not say, [It is] hard, for whatsoever this people says, is hard: but fear not ye their fear, neither be dismayed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Say ye not, A confederacy, to all [them to] whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
ye not, x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
A confederacy, 7195
{7195} Prime
קֶשֶׁר
qesher
{keh'-sher}
From H7194; an (unlawful) alliance.
to all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[them to] whom x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
shall say, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
A confederacy; 7195
{7195} Prime
קֶשֶׁר
qesher
{keh'-sher}
From H7194; an (unlawful) alliance.
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
fear 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
ye their fear, 4172
{4172} Prime
מוֹרָא
mowra'
{mo-raw'}
From H3372; fear; by implication a fearful thing or deed.
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be afraid. 6206
{6206} Prime
עָרַץ
`arats
{aw-rats'}
A primitive root; to awe or (intransitively) to dread; hence to harass.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 8:12-16

_ _ The words of Jehovah.

_ _ confederacy — rather, a conspiracy; an appropriate term for the unnatural combination of Israel with Syrian foreigners against Judea and the theocracy, to which the former was bound by ties of blood and hereditary religion [Maurer].

_ _ to all ... say — rather, of all which this people calleth a conspiracy [G. V. Smith].

_ _ their fear — namely, object of fear: the hostile conspiracy.

_ _ be afraid — rather [Maurer], “nor make others to be afraid.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 8:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 8:12

Say not — Thou Isaiah, and my children, do not consent to this confederacy with the king of Assyria. Their fear — That thing which they fear, that, if they do not call in the Assyrian succours, they shall be destroyed by those two potent kings.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 8:12

Say ye not, A (n) confederacy, to all [them to] whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye (o) their fear, nor be afraid.

(n) Consent not you who are godly to the league and friendship that this people seek with strangers and idolaters.

(o) Meaning, that they should not fear the thing that they who have no hope in God feared.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
A confederacy:

Isaiah 7:2-6 And it was told the house of David, saying, Syria is confederate with Ephraim. And his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the wood are moved with the wind. ... Let us go up against Judah, and vex it, and let us make a breach therein for us, and set a king in the midst of it, [even] the son of Tabeal:
Isaiah 51:12-13 I, [even] I, [am] he that comforteth you: who [art] thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man [that] shall die, and of the son of man [which] shall be made [as] grass; ... And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where [is] the fury of the oppressor?
2 Kings 16:5-7 Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome [him]. ... So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I [am] thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

fear ye:

Isaiah 7:4 And say unto him, Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, neither be fainthearted for the two tails of these smoking firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin with Syria, and of the son of Remaliah.
Isaiah 57:9-11 And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase [thyself even] unto hell. ... And of whom hast thou been afraid or feared, that thou hast lied, and hast not remembered me, nor laid [it] to thy heart? have not I held my peace even of old, and thou fearest me not?
Psalms 53:5 There were they in great fear, [where] no fear was: for God hath scattered the bones of him that encampeth [against] thee: thou hast put [them] to shame, because God hath despised them.
Matthew 28:2-5 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it. ... And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified.
Luke 12:4-5 And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. ... But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
Luke 21:9 But when ye shall hear of wars and commotions, be not terrified: for these things must first come to pass; but the end [is] not by and by.
1 Peter 3:14-15 But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy [are ye]: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled; ... But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and [be] ready always to [give] an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 16:5. Ps 53:5. Is 7:2, 4; 51:12; 57:9. Mt 28:2. Lk 12:4; 21:9. 1P 3:14.

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