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Isaiah 7:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land whose two kings thou abhorrest shall be forsaken.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For before the boy will know [enough] to refuse evil and choose good, the land whose two kings you dread will be forsaken.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken by both her kings.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For before the child knoweth to refuse the evil and to choose the good, the land whose two kings thou fearest shall be forsaken.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— for, before the boy knoweth to refuse the bad and choose the good, forsaken, shall be the land, at which, thou, art alarmed, of the presence of both her kings.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For before the youth doth know To refuse evil, and to fix on good, Forsaken is the land thou art vexed with, because of her two kings.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For before the child know to refuse the evil and to choose the good, the land which thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of the face of her two kings.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For before the childe shall know to refuse the euill and choose the good; the land that thou abhorrest, shalbe forsaken of both her kings.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For before the child shall know good or evil, he refuses evil, to choose the good; and the land shall be forsaken which thou art afraid of because of the two kings.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
before x2962
(2962) Complement
טֶרֶם
terem
{teh'-rem}
From an unused root apparently meaning to interrupt or suspend; properly non-occurrence; used adverbially not yet or before.
the child 5288
{5288} Prime
נַעַר
na`ar
{nah'-ar}
From H5287; (concretely) a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication a servant; also (by interchange of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age).
shall know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to refuse 3988
{3988} Prime
מָאַס
ma'ac
{maw-as'}
A primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the evil, 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
and choose 977
{0977} Prime
בָּחַר
bachar
{baw-khar'}
A primitive root; properly to try, that is, (by implication) select.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the good, 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
the land 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
abhorrest 6973
{6973} Prime
קוּץ
quwts
{koots}
A primitive root (rather identical with H6972 through the idea of severing oneself from (compare H6962)); to be (causatively make) disgusted or anxious.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
shall be y6440
[6440] Standard
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
forsaken 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
of both 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
her kings. 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 7:16

_ _ For — The deliverance implied in the name “Immanuel,” and the cessation of distress as to food (Isaiah 7:14, Isaiah 7:15), shall last only till the child grows to know good and evil;

_ _ for ... the land that ... abhorrest ... forsaken of ... kings — rather, desolate shall be the land, before whose two kings thou art alarmed [Hengstenberg and Gesenius].

_ _ the land — namely, Syria and Samaria regarded as one (2 Kings 16:9; 2 Kings 15:30), just two years after this prophecy, as it foretells. Horsley takes it, “The land (Judah and Samaria) of (the former of) which thou art the plague (literally, ‘thorn’) shall be forsaken,” etc.; a prediction thus, that Judah and Israel (appropriately regarded as one “land”) should cease to be kingdoms (Luke 2:1; Genesis 49:10) before Immanuel came.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 7:10-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 7:16

Yea — Not only this land shall be preserved until the virgin's son shall be born, but thine enemies land shall be sorely scourged, and these two kings destroyed within a very little time. This child — Shear — Jashub, whom in all probability the prophet pointed at, and who was brought hither by God's special command, Isaiah 7:3. for this very use. The land — The lands of Syria and Israel. Forsaken — So far shall Pekah and Rezin be from conquering thy land, that they shall lose their own lands, and their lives too; which they did within two years after this time, being both slain by the king of Assyria.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 7:16

For before the (o) child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken by both her kings.

(o) Not meaning Christ, but any child: for before a child can come to the years of discretion, the kings of Samaria and Syria will be destroyed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
before:

Deuteronomy 1:39 Moreover your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it.
Jonah 4:11 And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and [also] much cattle?

the land:

Isaiah 8:4 For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother, the riches of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria shall be taken away before the king of Assyria.
Isaiah 9:11 Therefore the LORD shall set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;
Isaiah 17:1-3 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from [being] a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap. ... The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the LORD of hosts.
2 Kings 15:29-30 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria. ... And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
2 Kings 16:9 And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried [the people of] it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.
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Dt 1:39. 2K 15:29; 16:9. Is 8:4; 9:11; 17:1. Jna 4:11.

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