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Isaiah 7:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Butter and honey shall he eat, when he knoweth to refuse the evil, and choose the good.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He will eat curds and honey at the time He knows [enough] to refuse evil and choose good.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and to choose the good.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Curds and honey, shall he eat, by the time that he knoweth to refuse the bad and choose the good;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Butter and honey he doth eat, When he knoweth to refuse evil, and to fix on good.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall eat butter and honey, that he may know to refuse the evil, and to choose the good.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Butter and hony shall he eat, that hee may know to refuse the euill, and choose the good.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Butter and honey shall he eat, before he knows either to prefer evil [or] choose the good.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Butter 2529
{2529} Prime
From the same root as H2346; curdled milk or cheese.
and honey 1706
{1706} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be gummy; honey (from its stickiness); by analogy syrup.
shall he eat, 398
{0398} Prime
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
that he may know 3045
{3045} Prime
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
to refuse 3988
{3988} Prime
A primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the evil, 7451
{7451} Prime
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
and choose 977
{0977} Prime
A primitive root; properly to try, that is, (by implication) select.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the good. 2896
{2896} Prime
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 7:15

_ _ Butter — rather, curdled milk, the acid of which is grateful in the heat of the East (Job 20:17).

_ _ honey — abundant in Palestine (Judges 14:8; 1 Samuel 14:25; Matthew 3:4). Physicians directed that the first food given to a child should be honey, the next milk [Barnabas, Epistle]. Horsley takes this as implying the real humanity of the Immanuel Jesus Christ, about to be fed as other infants (Luke 2:52). Isaiah 7:22 shows that besides the fitness of milk and honey for children, a state of distress of the inhabitants is also implied, when, by reason of the invaders, milk and honey, things produced spontaneously, shall be the only abundant articles of food [Maurer].

_ _ that he may know — rather, until He shall know.

_ _ evil ... choose ... good — At about three years of age moral consciousness begins (compare Isaiah 8:4; Deuteronomy 1:39; Jonah 4:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 7:10-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 7:15

Butter — The common food of children in that country. He — The virgin's son. Know — To discern between things good and evil.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 7:15

(n) Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.

(n) Meaning that Christ is not only God, but man also, because he will be nourished as other men until the age of discretion.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Connecting this verse with the preceding and following, we may render with Dr. Jubb and Lowth, "Behold the virgin (haalmah as the word uniformly signifies,
Genesis 24:43 Behold, I stand by the well of water; and it shall come to pass, that when the virgin cometh forth to draw [water], and I say to her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water of thy pitcher to drink;
Exodus 2:8 And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child's mother.
Psalms 68:26 Bless ye God in the congregations, [even] the Lord, from the fountain of Israel.
Proverbs 30:19 The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.
Song of Songs 1:3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.
Song of Songs 6:8 There are threescore queens, and fourscore concubines, and virgins without number.
) shall conceive and bear a son, and thou shalt call his name Immanuel; butter and honey shall he eat when he shall know to refuse the evil and choose the good. For," etc.
Isaiah 7:22 And it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk [that] they shall give he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land.
Matthew 3:4 And the same John had his raiment of camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey.


Psalms 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
Amos 5:15 Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.
Luke 2:52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
Philippians 1:9-10 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment; ... That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 24:43. Ex 2:8. Ps 51:5; 68:26. Pv 30:19. So 1:3; 6:8. Is 7:22. Am 5:15. Mt 3:4. Lk 1:35; 2:40, 52. Ro 12:9. Php 1:9.

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