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Isaiah 66:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For by fire will Jehovah execute judgment, and by his sword, upon all flesh; and the slain of Jehovah shall be many.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the LORD will execute judgment by fire And by His sword on all flesh, And those slain by the LORD will be many.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For by fire and by his sword will Jehovah enter into judgment with all flesh: and the slain of Jehovah shall be many.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, by fire, will Yahweh enter into judgment, And by his sword, with all flesh,—And many, shall be the slain of Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For by fire and by His sword, Doth Jehovah do judgment with all flesh. And many have been Jehovah's pierced ones.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the Lord shall judge by fire, and by his sword unto all flesh, and the slain of the Lord shall be many.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For by fire and by his sword, will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slaine of the LORD shalbe many.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For with the fire of the Lord all the earth shall be judged, and all flesh with his sword: many shall be slain by the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For by fire and by his sword will Yahweh plead with all flesh: and the slain of Yahweh shall be many.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
by fire 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
and by his sword 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
will Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
plead 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
flesh: 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
and the slain 2491
{2491} Prime
חָלָל
chalal
{khaw-lawl'}
From H2490; pierced (especially to death); figuratively polluted.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
shall be many. 7231
{7231} Prime
רָבַב
rabab
{raw-bab'}
A primitive root; properly to cast together (compare H7241), that is, increase, especially in number; also (as denominative from H7233) to multiply by the myriad.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 66:16

_ _ Rather, “With fire will Jehovah judge, and with His sword (He will judge) all flesh.” The parallelism and collocation of the Hebrew words favor this (Isaiah 65:12).

_ _ all flesh — that is, all who are the objects of His wrath. The godly shall be hidden by the Lord in a place of safety away from the scene of judgment (Isaiah 26:20, Isaiah 26:21; Psalms 31:20; 1 Thessalonians 4:16, 1 Thessalonians 4:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 66:15-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 66:16

Plead — God at first pleads with sinners by words, but if he cannot so prevail, he will plead with them in a way by which he will overcome; by fire, pestilence and blood. All flesh — Thus he threatens to do with all the wicked Jews. The slain — Those whom God should cause to be slain.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 27:1 In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that [is] in the sea.
Isaiah 34:5-10 For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment. ... It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
Ezekiel 38:21-22 And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord GOD: every man's sword shall be against his brother. ... And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that [are] with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.
Ezekiel 39:2-10 And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts, and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel: ... So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down [any] out of the forests; for they shall burn the weapons with fire: and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and rob those that robbed them, saith the Lord GOD.
Revelation 19:11-21 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. ... And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which [sword] proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
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Is 27:1; 34:5. Ezk 38:21; 39:2. Rv 19:11.

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