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Isaiah 65:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the ox; and dust shall be the serpent's food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust [shall be] the serpent's meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The wolf and the lamb will graze together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox; and dust will be the serpent’s food. They will do no evil or harm in all My holy mountain,” says the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust [shall be] the serpents' food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the ox; and dust shall be the serpent's meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The wolf and the lamb, shall feed, in unity, And, the lion, as an ox, shall eat straw; But, as for the serpent, dust, shall be his food: They shall not harm—Nor shall they destroy, In all my holy mountain, saith Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Wolf and lamb do feed as one, And a lion as an ox eateth straw, As to the serpent—dust [is] its food, They do no evil, nor destroy, In all My holy mountain, said Jehovah!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wolf and the lamb shall feed together; the lion and the ox shall eat straw; and dust shall be the serpent's food: they shall not hurt nor kill in all my holy mountain, saith the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The wolfe and the lambe shall feede together, and the lyon shall eate straw like the bullocke: and dust shalbe the serpents meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountaine, sayth the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then wolves and lambs shall feed together, and the lion shall eat chaff like the ox, and the serpent earth as bread. They shall not injure nor destroy in my holy mountain, saith the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust [shall be] the serpent's meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The wolf 2061
{2061} Prime
זְאֵב
z@'eb
{zeh-abe'}
From an unused root meaning to be yellow; a wolf.
and the lamb 2924
{2924} Prime
טָלֶה
taleh
{taw-leh'}
By variation for H2922; a lamb.
shall feed 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
together, 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
and the lion 738
{0738} Prime
אַרִי
'ariy
{ar-ee'}
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
shall eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
straw 8401
{8401} Prime
תֶּבֶן
teben
{teh'-ben}
Probably from H1129; properly material, that is, (specifically) refuse haum or stalks of grain (as chopped in threshing and used for fodder).
like the bullock: 1241
{1241} Prime
בָּקָר
baqar
{baw-kawr'}
From H1239; a beeve or animal of the ox kind of either gender (as used for ploughing); collectively a herd.
and dust 6083
{6083} Prime
עָפָר
`aphar
{aw-fawr'}
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud.
[shall be] the serpent's 5175
{5175} Prime
נָחָשׁ
nachash
{naw-khawsh'}
From H5172; a snake (from its hiss).
meat. 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
They shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
hurt 7489
{7489} Prime
רָעַע
ra`a`
{raw-ah'}
A primitive root; properly to spoil (literally by breaking to pieces); figuratively to make (or be) good for nothing, that is, bad (physically, socially or morally). (associate selves and show self friendly are by mistake for H7462.).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
destroy 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
in all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
my holy 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
mountain, 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 65:25

_ _ (See on Isaiah 11:6).

_ _ and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock — (See on Isaiah 11:7).

_ _ and dust — rather, “but dust,” etc. The curse shall remain on the serpent [Horsley], (Genesis 3:14; Micah 7:17). “To lick the dust” is figurative of the utter and perpetual degradation of Satan and his emissaries (Isaiah 49:23; Psalms 72:9). Satan fell self-tempted; therefore no atonement was contrived for him, as there was for man, who fell by his temptation (Jude 1:6; John 8:44). From his peculiar connection with the earth and man, it has been conjectured that the exciting cause of his rebellion was God’s declaration that human nature was to be raised into union with the Godhead; this was “the truth” concerning the person of the Son of God which “he abode not in”; it galled his pride that a lower race was to be raised to that which he had aspired to (1 Timothy 3:6). How exultingly he might say, when man fell through him, “God would raise manhood into union with Himself; I have brought it down below the beasts by sin!” At that very moment and spot he was told that the seed of the abhorred race, man, should bruise his head (1 John 3:8). He was raised up for this, to show forth God’s glory (Exodus 9:16; Romans 9:17). In his unfallen state he may have been God’s vicegerent over the earth and the animal kingdom before man: this will account for his assuming the form of a serpent (Genesis 3:1). Man succeeded to that office (Genesis 2:19, Genesis 2:20), but forfeited it by sin, whence Satan became “prince of this world”; Jesus Christ supplants the usurper, and as “Son of man” regains the lost inheritance (Psalms 8:4-8). The steps in Satan’s overthrow are these: he is cast out, first, from heaven (Revelation 12:7-9) on earth; next, he is bound a thousand years (Revelation 20:2, Revelation 20:3); finally, he is cast into the lake of fire for ever (Revelation 20:10).

_ _ the serpent’s meat — (See on Isaiah 11:8).

_ _ They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain — (See on Isaiah 11:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 65:17-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 65:25

The wolf, &c. — God here promises to take off the fierceness of the spirits of his peoples enemies, so that they shall live quietly and peaceably together. And dust — God promises a time of tranquility to his church under the metaphor of serpents eating the dust, their proper meat, Genesis 3:14, instead of flying upon men: it signifies such a time, when wicked men shall no more eat up the people of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 65:25

The (c) wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the ox: and dust [shall be] the serpent's food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD.

(c) Read (Isaiah 11:6).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wolf:

Isaiah 11:6-9 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. ... They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
Isaiah 35:9 No lion shall be there, nor [any] ravenous beast shall go up thereon, it shall not be found there; but the redeemed shall walk [there]:
Acts 9:1 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,
Acts 9:19-21 And when he had received meat, he was strengthened. Then was Saul certain days with the disciples which were at Damascus. ... But all that heard [him] were amazed, and said; Is not this he that destroyed them which called on this name in Jerusalem, and came hither for that intent, that he might bring them bound unto the chief priests?
1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, ... And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Titus 3:3-7 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another. ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

dust:

Genesis 3:14-15 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou [art] cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: ... And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Romans 16:20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you. Amen.
Revelation 12:7-9 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, ... And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Revelation 20:2-3 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, ... And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.

shall not:

Isaiah 2:4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
Isaiah 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
Micah 4:3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

my:

Isaiah 65:11 But ye [are] they that forsake the LORD, that forget my holy mountain, that prepare a table for that troop, and that furnish the drink offering unto that number.
Ezekiel 43:11 And if they be ashamed of all that they have done, shew them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof: and write [it] in their sight, that they may keep the whole form thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and do them.
Zechariah 8:3 Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain.
Zechariah 14:20-21 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD'S house shall be like the bowls before the altar. ... Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.
Revelation 14:1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty [and] four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:14. Is 2:4; 11:6, 9; 35:9; 65:11. Ezk 43:11. Mi 4:3. Zc 8:3; 14:20. Ac 9:1, 19. Ro 16:20. 1Co 6:9. Tit 3:3. Rv 12:7; 14:1; 20:2.

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