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Isaiah 63:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— O Jehovah, why dost thou make us to err from thy ways, and hardenest our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, [and] hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Why, O LORD, do You cause us to stray from Your ways And harden our heart from fearing You? Return for the sake of Your servants, the tribes of Your heritage.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, [and] hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thy inheritance.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Why, O Jehovah, hast thou made us to err from thy ways, hast hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, shouldst thou suffer us to wander O Yahweh, from thy ways? [Wherefore] shouldst thou let us harden our heart past revering thee? Return thou, for the sake of, Thy servants, The tribes thou thyself hast inherited.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Why causest Thou us to wander, O Jehovah, from Thy ways? Thou hardenest our heart from Thy fear, Turn back for Thy servants' sake, The tribes of Thine inheritance.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Why hast thou made us to err, O Lord, from thy ways: why hast thou hardened our heart, that we should not fear thee? return for the sake of thy servants, the tribes of thy inheritance.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— O LORD, why hast thou made vs to erre from thy wayes? [and] hardened our heart from thy feare? Returne for thy seruants sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Why hast thou caused us to err, O Lord, from thy way? [and] has hardened our hearts, that we should not fear thee? Return for thy servants' sake, for the sake of the tribes of thine inheritance,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— O Yahweh, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, [and] hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
O Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
why x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
hast thou made us to err 8582
{8582} Prime
תָּעָה
ta`ah
{taw-aw'}
A primitive root; to vacillate, that is, reel or stray (literally or figuratively); also causatively of both.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
from thy ways, 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[and] hardened 7188
{7188} Prime
קָשַׁח
qashach
{kaw-shakh'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) unfeeling.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
our heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
from thy fear? 3374
{3374} Prime
יִרְאָה
yir'ah
{yir-aw'}
Feminine of H3373; fear (also used as infinitive); morally reverence.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Return 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
for thy servants' y5650
[5650] Standard
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
sake, x4616
(4616) Complement
לְמַעַן
ma`an
{mah'-an}
From H6030; properly heed, that is, purpose; used only adverbially, on account of (as a motive or an aim), teleologically in order that.
x5650
(5650) Complement
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
the tribes 7626
{7626} Prime
שֵׁבֶט
shebet
{shay'-bet}
From an unused root probably meaning to branch off; a scion, that is, (literally) a stick (for punishing, writing, fighting, ruling, walking, etc.) or (figuratively) a clan.
of thine inheritance. 5159
{5159} Prime
נַחֲלָה
nachalah
{nakh-al-aw'}
From H5157 (in its usual sense); properly something inherited, that is, (abstractly) occupancy, or (concretely) an heirloom; generally an estate, patrimony or portion.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 63:17

_ _ made us to err — that is, “suffer” us to err and to be hardened in our heart. They do not mean to deny their own blameworthiness, but confess that through their own fault God gave them over to a reprobate mind (Isaiah 6:9, Isaiah 6:10; Psalms 119:10; Romans 1:28).

_ _ Return — (Numbers 10:36; Psalms 90:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 63:15-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 63:17

Made us — Suffered us to err. Hardened — Suffered it to be hardened. Thy fear — The fear of thee. Servants sake — For our sakes, that little remnant that are thy servants. Inheritance — The land of Canaan, which God gave them as an inheritance.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 63:17

O LORD, why hast (t) thou made us to err from thy ways, [and] hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy (u) servants' sake, the tribes of thy inheritance.

(t) By taking away the Holy Spirit from us, by whom we were governed, and so for our ingratitude delivered us up to our own concupiscence, and punished sin by sin according to your just judgment.

(u) Meaning, for the covenant's sake made to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob his servants.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
why:

Psalms 119:10 With my whole heart have I sought thee: O let me not wander from thy commandments.
Psalms 119:36 Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to covetousness.
Psalms 141:4 Incline not my heart to [any] evil thing, to practise wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.
Ezekiel 14:7-9 For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumblingblock of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning me; I the LORD will answer him by myself: ... And if the prophet be deceived when he hath spoken a thing, I the LORD have deceived that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand upon him, and will destroy him from the midst of my people Israel.
2 Thessalonians 2:11-12 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

and hardened:

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as [appeareth] this day.
Joshua 11:20 For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, [and] that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the LORD commanded Moses.
John 12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with [their] eyes, nor understand with [their] heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
Romans 9:18-20 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will [have mercy], and whom he will he hardeneth. ... Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus?

Return:

Numbers 10:36 And when it rested, he said, Return, O LORD, unto the many thousands of Israel.
Psalms 74:1-2 [[Maschil of Asaph.]] O God, why hast thou cast [us] off for ever? [why] doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture? ... Remember thy congregation, [which] thou hast purchased of old; the rod of thine inheritance, [which] thou hast redeemed; this mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt.
Psalms 80:14 Return, we beseech thee, O God of hosts: look down from heaven, and behold, and visit this vine;
Psalms 90:13 Return, O LORD, how long? and let it repent thee concerning thy servants.
Zechariah 1:12 Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 10:36. Dt 2:30. Jsh 11:20. Ps 74:1; 80:14; 90:13; 119:10, 36; 141:4. Is 6:10. Ezk 14:7. Zc 1:12. Jn 12:40. Ro 9:18. 2Th 2:11.

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