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Isaiah 63:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] himself fought against them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] he fought against them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But they rebelled And grieved His Holy Spirit; Therefore He turned Himself to become their enemy, He fought against them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] he fought against them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But they rebelled and grieved his holy Spirit: and he turned to be their enemy; himself, he fought against them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, they, rebelled, and grieved his Holy Spirit,—And so he turned against them as an enemy, He himself, fought against them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they have rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit, And He turneth to them for an enemy, He Himself hath fought against them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But they provoked to wrath, and afflicted the spirit of his Holy One: and he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But they rebelled, and vexed his holy spirit: therefore hee was turned to be their enemie, [and] he fought against them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But they disobeyed, and provoked his Holy Spirit: so he turned to be an enemy, he himself contended against them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] he fought against them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
rebelled, 4784
{4784} Prime
מָרָה
marah
{maw-raw'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) bitter (or unpleasant); (figuratively) to rebel (or resist; causatively to provoke).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and vexed 6087
{6087} Prime
עָצַב
`atsab
{aw-tsab'}
A primitive root; properly to carve, that is, fabricate or fashion; hence (in a bad sense) to worry, pain or anger.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his holy 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
Spirit: 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
therefore he was turned 2015
{2015} Prime
הָפַךְ
haphak
{haw-fak'}
A primitive root; to turn about or over; by implication to change, overturn, return, pervert.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
to be their enemy, 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[and] he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
fought 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
against them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 63:10

_ _ vexed — grieved (Psalms 78:40; Psalms 95:10; Acts 7:51; Ephesians 4:30; Hebrews 3:10, Hebrews 3:17).

_ _ he fought — rather, “He it was that fought,” namely, the angel of His presence [Horsley], (Lamentations 2:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 63:7-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they rebelled:

Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.
Isaiah 65:2 I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way [that was] not good, after their own thoughts;
Exodus 15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?
Exodus 16:8 And Moses said, [This shall be], when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what [are] we? your murmurings [are] not against us, but against the LORD.
Exodus 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
Numbers 14:9-11 Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they [are] bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD [is] with us: fear them not. ... And the LORD said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them?
Numbers 16:1-35 Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and On, the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took [men]: ... And there came out a fire from the LORD, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men that offered incense.
Deuteronomy 9:7 Remember, [and] forget not, how thou provokedst the LORD thy God to wrath in the wilderness: from the day that thou didst depart out of the land of Egypt, until ye came unto this place, ye have been rebellious against the LORD.
Deuteronomy 9:22-24 And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibrothhattaavah, ye provoked the LORD to wrath. ... Ye have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you.
Nehemiah 9:16-17 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments, ... And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou [art] a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
Nehemiah 9:26 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.
Nehemiah 9:29 And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.
Lamentations 1:18 The LORD is righteous; for I have rebelled against his commandment: hear, I pray you, all people, and behold my sorrow: my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity.
Lamentations 1:20 Behold, O LORD; for I [am] in distress: my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled: abroad the sword bereaveth, at home [there is] as death.
Ezekiel 2:3 And he said unto me, Son of man, I send thee to the children of Israel, to a rebellious nation that hath rebelled against me: they and their fathers have transgressed against me, [even] unto this very day.
Ezekiel 2:7 And thou shalt speak my words unto them, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear: for they [are] most rebellious.
Ezekiel 20:8 But they rebelled against me, and would not hearken unto me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes, neither did they forsake the idols of Egypt: then I said, I will pour out my fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt.
Ezekiel 20:13 But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments, which [if] a man do, he shall even live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly polluted: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them.
Ezekiel 20:21 Notwithstanding the children rebelled against me: they walked not in my statutes, neither kept my judgments to do them, which [if] a man do, he shall even live in them; they polluted my sabbaths: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against them in the wilderness.

vexed:

Psalms 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation [that] set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.
Psalms 78:40 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, [and] grieve him in the desert!
Psalms 78:49 He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels [among them].
Psalms 78:56 Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies:
Psalms 95:9-11 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. ... Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.
Ezekiel 6:9 And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations whither they shall be carried captives, because I am broken with their whorish heart, which hath departed from me, and with their eyes, which go a whoring after their idols: and they shall lothe themselves for the evils which they have committed in all their abominations.
Acts 7:51 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye.
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

he was:

Exodus 23:21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name [is] in him.
Leviticus 26:17-46 And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you. ... These [are] the statutes and judgments and laws, which the LORD made between him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.
Deuteronomy 28:15-68 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee: ... And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy [you].
Deuteronomy 32:19-25 And when the LORD saw [it], he abhorred [them], because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters. ... The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling [also] with the man of gray hairs.
Jeremiah 21:5 And I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger, and in fury, and in great wrath.
Jeremiah 30:14 All thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not; for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the multitude of thine iniquity; [because] thy sins were increased.
Lamentations 2:4-5 He hath bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all [that were] pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire. ... The Lord was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation.
Matthew 22:7 But when the king heard [thereof], he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:24; 16:8; 23:21; 32:8. Lv 26:17. Nu 14:9; 16:1. Dt 9:7, 22; 28:15; 32:19. Ne 9:16, 26, 29. Ps 78:8, 40, 49, 56; 95:9. Is 1:2; 65:2. Jr 21:5; 30:14. Lm 1:18, 20; 2:4. Ezk 2:3, 7; 6:9; 20:8, 13, 21. Mt 22:7. Ac 7:51. Ep 4:30.

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