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Isaiah 61:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them a garland for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they may be called trees of righteousness, the planting of Jehovah, that he may be glorified.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— To grant those who mourn [in] Zion, Giving them a garland instead of ashes, The oil of gladness instead of mourning, The mantle of praise instead of a spirit of fainting. So they will be called oaks of righteousness, The planting of the LORD, that He may be glorified.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To appoint to them that mourn in Zion, to give to them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they may be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he may be glorified.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, that beauty should be given unto them instead of ashes, the oil of joy instead of mourning, the garment of praise instead of the spirit of heaviness: that they might be called terebinths of righteousness, the planting of Jehovah, that he may be glorified.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To appoint unto the mourners of Zion—To give unto them, A chaplet instead of ashes, The oil of joy instead of mourning, The mantle of praise instead of the spirit of dejection,—So shall they be called, The oaks of righteousness, The plantation of Yahweh: That he may get himself glory
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To appoint to mourners in Zion, To give to them beauty instead of ashes, The oil of joy instead of mourning, A covering of praise for a spirit of weakness, And He is calling to them, 'Trees of righteousness, The planting of Jehovah—to be beautified.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To appoint to the mourners of Sion, and to give them a crown for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, a garment of praise for the spirit of grief: and they shall be called in it the mighty ones of justice, the planting of the Lord to glorify him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To appoint vnto them that mourne in Zion, to giue vnto them beautie for ashes, the oyle of ioy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heauinesse, that they might be called trees of righteousnesse, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— that there should be given to them that mourn in Zion{gr.Sion} glory instead of ashes, the oil of joy to the mourners, the garment of glory for the spirit of heaviness: and they shall be called generations of righteousness, the planting of the Lord for glory.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— To appoint unto them that mourn in Tziyyon, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of Yahweh, that he might be glorified.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To appoint 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
unto them that mourn 57
{0057} Prime
אָבֵל
'abel
{aw-bale'}
From H0056; lamenting.
in Xiyyn צִיּוֹן, 6726
{6726} Prime
צִיּוֹן
Tsiyown
{tsee-yone'}
The same (regular) as H6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.
to give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
unto them beauty 6287
{6287} Prime
פְּאֵר
p@'er
{peh-ayr'}
From H6286; an embellishment, that is, fancy head dress.
for x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
ashes, 665
{0665} Prime
אֵפֶר
'epher
{ay'-fer}
From an unused root meaning to bestrew; ashes.
the oil 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
of joy 8342
{8342} Prime
שָׂשׂוֹן
sasown
{saw-sone'}
From H7797; cheerfulness; specifically welcome.
for x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
mourning, 60
{0060} Prime
אֵבֶל
'ebel
{ay'-bel}
From H0056; lamentation.
the garment 4594
{4594} Prime
מַעֲטֶה
ma`ateh
{mah-at-eh'}
From H5844; a vestment.
of praise 8416
{8416} Prime
תְּהִלָּה
t@hillah
{teh-hil-law'}
From H1984; laudation; specifically (concretely) a hymn.
for x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
the spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of heaviness; 3544
{3544} Prime
כֵּהֶה
keheh
{kay-heh'}
From H3543; feeble, obscure.
that they might be called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
trees 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
of righteousness, 6664
{6664} Prime
צֶדֶק
tsedeq
{tseh'-dek}
From H6663; the right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity.
the planting 4302
{4302} Prime
מַטָּע
matta`
{mat-taw'}
From H5193; something planted, that is, the place (a garden or vineyard), or the thing (a plant, figuratively of men); by implication the act, planting.
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
that he might be glorified. 6286
{6286} Prime
פָּאַר
pa'ar
{paw-ar'}
A primitive root; to gleam, that is, (causatively) embellish; figuratively to boast; also to explain (that is, make clear) oneself; denominatively from H6288, to shake a tree.
z8692
<8692> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 116
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 61:3

_ _ To appoint ... to give — The double verb, with the one and the same accusative, imparts glowing vehemence to the style.

_ _ beauty for ashes — There is a play on the sound and meaning of the Hebrew words, peer, epher, literally, “ornamental headdress” or tiara (Ezekiel 24:17), worn in times of joy, instead of a headdress of “ashes,” cast on the head in mourning (2 Samuel 13:19).

_ _ oil of joy — Perfumed ointment was poured on the guests at joyous feasts (Psalms 23:5; Psalms 45:7, Psalms 45:8; Amos 6:6). On occasions of grief its use was laid aside (2 Samuel 14:2).

_ _ garment of praise — bright-colored garments, indicative of thankfulness, instead of those that indicate despondency, as sackcloth (John 16:20).

_ _ trees of righteousnessHebrew, terebinth trees; symbolical of men strong in righteousness, instead of being, as heretofore, bowed down as a reed with sin and calamity (Isaiah 1:29, Isaiah 1:30; Isaiah 42:3; 1 Kings 14:15; Psalms 1:3; Psalms 92:12-14; Jeremiah 17:8).

_ _ planting of ... Lord — (See on Isaiah 60:21).

_ _ that he might be glorified — (John 15:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 61:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 61:3

Ashes — By ashes understand whatever is proper for days of mourning, as by beauty whatever may become times of rejoicing. Oil of joy — He calls it oil of joy in allusion to those anointings they were wont to use in times of joy, gladness for heaviness; and it is called a garment in allusion to their festival ornaments, for they had garments appropriated to their conditions, some suitable to times of rejoicing, and some to times of mourning. Called — That they may be so. Trees — That they shall be firm, solid, and well rooted, being by faith engrafted into Christ, and bringing forth fruit suitable to the soil wherein they are planted.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 61:3

To appoint to them that mourn in Zion, to give to them beauty for (f) ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they may be called (g) trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he may be glorified.

(f) Which was the sign of mourning.

(g) Trees that bring forth good fruits, as in (Matthew 3:8).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
beauty:

Isaiah 12:1 And in that day thou shalt say, O LORD, I will praise thee: though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortedst me.
Esther 4:1-3 When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry; ... And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
Esther 8:15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
Esther 9:22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.
Psalms 30:11 Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness;
Ezekiel 16:8-13 Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time [was] the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine. ... Thus wast thou decked with gold and silver; and thy raiment [was of] fine linen, and silk, and broidered work; thou didst eat fine flour, and honey, and oil: and thou wast exceeding beautiful, and thou didst prosper into a kingdom.

the oil:

Psalms 23:5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Psalms 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalms 104:15 And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.
Ecclesiastes 9:8 Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment.
John 16:20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy.

the garment:

Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh [himself] with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth [herself] with her jewels.
Zechariah 3:5 And I said, Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the LORD stood by.
Luke 15:22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put [it] on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on [his] feet:
Revelation 7:9-14 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; ... And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

called:

Isaiah 60:21 Thy people also [shall be] all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.
Psalms 92:12-15 The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. ... To shew that the LORD [is] upright: [he is] my rock, and [there is] no unrighteousness in him.
Jeremiah 17:7-8 Blessed [is] the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is. ... For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and [that] spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.
Matthew 7:17-19 Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. ... Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

that he:

Matthew 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
John 15:8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.
1 Corinthians 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.
2 Thessalonians 1:10 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.
1 Peter 2:9 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
1 Peter 4:9-11 Use hospitality one to another without grudging. ... If any man speak, [let him speak] as the oracles of God; if any man minister, [let him do it] as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
1 Peter 4:14 If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy [are ye]; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.
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Es 4:1; 8:15; 9:22. Ps 23:5; 30:11; 45:7; 92:12; 104:15. Ec 9:8. Is 12:1; 60:21; 61:10. Jr 17:7. Ezk 16:8. Zc 3:5. Mt 5:16; 7:17. Lk 15:22. Jn 15:8; 16:20. 1Co 6:20. Php 1:11. 2Th 1:10. 1P 2:9; 4:9, 14. Rv 7:9.

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