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Isaiah 61:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— to proclaim the year of Jehovah's favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— To proclaim the favorable year of the LORD And the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who mourn,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to proclaim the acceptable year of Jehovah, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To proclaim—The year of acceptance of Yahweh, and, The day of avenging of our God: To comfort all who are mourning;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To proclaim the year of the good pleasure of Jehovah, And the day of vengeance of our God, To comfort all mourners.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God: to comfort all that mourn:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To proclaime the acceptable yere of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all that mourne:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— to declare the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of recompence; to comfort all that mourn;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— To proclaim the acceptable year of Yahweh, and the day of vengeance of our Elohim; to comfort all that mourn;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To proclaim 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the acceptable 7522
{7522} Prime
רָצוֹן
ratsown
{raw-tsone'}
From H7521; delight.
year 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of vengeance 5359
{5359} Prime
נָקָם
naqam
{naw-kawm'}
From H5358; revenge.
of our lhm אֱלֹהִים; 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
to comfort 5162
{5162} Prime
נָחַם
nacham
{naw-kham'}
A primitive root; properly to sigh, that is, breathe strongly; by implication to be sorry, that is, (in a favorable sense) to pity, console or (reflexively) rue; or (unfavorably) to avenge (oneself).
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
that mourn; 57
{0057} Prime
אָבֵל
'abel
{aw-bale'}
From H0056; lamenting.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 61:2

_ _ acceptable year — the year of jubilee on which “liberty was proclaimed to the captives” (Isaiah 61:1; 2 Corinthians 6:2).

_ _ day of vengeance — The “acceptable time of grace” is a “year”; the time of “vengeance” but “a day” (so Isaiah 34:8; Isaiah 63:4; Malachi 4:1). Jesus (Luke 4:20, Luke 4:21) “closed the book” before this clause; for the interval from His first to His second coming is “the acceptable year”; the day of vengeance” will not be till He comes again (2 Thessalonians 1:7-9).

_ _ our God — The saints call Him “our God”; for He cometh to “avenge” them (Revelation 6:10; Revelation 19:2).

_ _ all that mourn — The “all” seems to include the spiritual Israelite mourners, as well as the literal, who are in Isaiah 61:3 called “them that mourn in Zion,” and to whom Isaiah 57:18 refers.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 61:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 61:2

Vengeance — It being necessary, that where God will deliver his people, he should take vengeance on their enemies; principally on the enemies of his church, and the spiritual ones chiefly, Satan, sin, and death.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 61:2

To proclaim the (d) acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of (e) vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

(d) The time when it pleased God to show his good favour to man, which Paul calls the fulness of time, (Galatians 4:4).

(e) For when God delivers his Church, he punishes his enemies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the acceptable:

Leviticus 25:9-13 Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth [day] of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. ... In the year of this jubile ye shall return every man unto his possession.
Luke 4:19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
2 Corinthians 6:2 (For he saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now [is] the accepted time; behold, now [is] the day of salvation.)

and:

Isaiah 34:8 For [it is] the day of the LORD'S vengeance, [and] the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion.
Isaiah 35:4 Say to them [that are] of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come [with] vengeance, [even] God [with] a recompence; he will come and save you.
Isaiah 59:17-18 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke. ... According to [their] deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence.
Isaiah 63:1-6 Who [is] this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. ... And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.
Isaiah 66:14 And when ye see [this], your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like an herb: and the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, and [his] indignation toward his enemies.
Psalms 110:5-6 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. ... He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill [the places] with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.
Jeremiah 46:10 For this [is] the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.
Malachi 4:1-3 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. ... And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do [this], saith the LORD of hosts.
Luke 21:22-24 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. ... And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.
2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, ... Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

to comfort:

Isaiah 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken [it].
Isaiah 57:18 I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners.
Isaiah 66:10-12 Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all ye that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all ye that mourn for her: ... For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream: then shall ye suck, ye shall be borne upon [her] sides, and be dandled upon [her] knees.
Jeremiah 31:13 Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, both young men and old together: for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow.
Matthew 5:4 Blessed [are] they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
Luke 6:21 Blessed [are ye] that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed [are ye] that weep now: for ye shall laugh.
Luke 7:44-50 And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped [them] with the hairs of her head. ... And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.
John 16:20-22 Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy. ... And ye now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you.
2 Corinthians 1:4-5 Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God. ... For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ.
2 Thessalonians 2:16-17 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given [us] everlasting consolation and good hope through grace, ... Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 25:9. Ps 110:5. Is 25:8; 34:8; 35:4; 57:18; 59:17; 63:1; 66:10, 14. Jr 31:13; 46:10. Mal 4:1. Mt 5:4. Lk 4:19; 6:21; 7:44; 21:22. Jn 16:20. 2Co 1:4; 6:2. 1Th 2:16. 2Th 1:7; 2:16.

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