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Isaiah 60:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And foreigners shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favor have I had mercy on thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Foreigners will build up your walls, And their kings will minister to you; For in My wrath I struck you, And in My favor I have had compassion on you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister to thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favor have I had mercy on thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the sons of the alien shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee. For in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So shall, the sons of the foreigner, build, thy walls, And, their kings, shall wait upon thee,—For, in my vexation, I smote thee, But, in my favour, have I had compassion upon thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And sons of a stranger have built thy walls, And their kings do serve thee, For in My wrath I have smitten thee, And in My good pleasure I have pitied thee.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the children of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister to thee: for in my wrath have I struck thee, and in my reconciliation have I had mercy upon thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the sonnes of strangers shall build vp thy walles, and their kings shal minister vnto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my fauour haue I had mercie on thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And strangers shall build thy walls, and their kings shall wait upon thee: for by reason of my wrath I smote thee, and by reason of mercy I loved thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of strangers 5236
{5236} Prime
נֵכָר
nekar
{nay-kawr'}
From H5234; foreign, or (concretely) a foreigner, or (abstractly) heathendom.
shall build up 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thy walls, 2346
{2346} Prime
חוֹמָה
chowmah
{kho-maw'}
Feminine active participle of an unused root apparently meaning to join; a wall of protection.
and their kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
shall minister 8334
{8334} Prime
שָׁרַת
sharath
{shaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively to contribute to.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
unto thee: for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
in my wrath 7110
{7110} Prime
קֶצֶף
qetseph
{keh'-tsef}
From H7107; a splinter (as chipped off); figuratively rage or strife.
I smote 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
thee, but in my favour 7522
{7522} Prime
רָצוֹן
ratsown
{raw-tsone'}
From H7521; delight.
have I had mercy 7355
{7355} Prime
רָחַם
racham
{raw-kham'}
A primitive root; to fondle; by implication to love, especially to compassionate.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
on thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 60:10

_ _ kings ... minister unto thee — (See on Isaiah 60:7; Isaiah 49:23).

_ _ in my wrath I smote thee — (Isaiah 54:7, Isaiah 54:8; Isaiah 57:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 60:9-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 60:10

Minister — Shall administer all necessaries to thee. I had mercy — As I afflicted thee in my anger, so out of my compassion I will abundantly bless thee.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 60:10

And the sons of foreigners shall build up thy walls, and their (l) kings shall minister to thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.

(l) Meaning Cyrus and his successors, but chiefly this is accomplished in them that serve Christ, being converted by his gospel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the sons:

Isaiah 61:5 And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien [shall be] your plowmen and your vinedressers.
Isaiah 66:21 And I will also take of them for priests [and] for Levites, saith the LORD.
Zechariah 6:15 And they [that are] far off shall come and build in the temple of the LORD, and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you. And [this] shall come to pass, if ye will diligently obey the voice of the LORD your God.

their kings:

Isaiah 60:3 And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
Isaiah 49:23 And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with [their] face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I [am] the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me.
Ezra 6:3-12 In the first year of Cyrus the king [the same] Cyrus the king made a decree [concerning] the house of God at Jerusalem, Let the house be builded, the place where they offered sacrifices, and let the foundations thereof be strongly laid; the height thereof threescore cubits, [and] the breadth thereof threescore cubits; ... And the God that hath caused his name to dwell there destroy all kings and people, that shall put to their hand to alter [and] to destroy this house of God which [is] at Jerusalem. I Darius have made a decree; let it be done with speed.
Ezra 7:12-28 Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect [peace], and at such a time. ... And hath extended mercy unto me before the king, and his counsellors, and before all the king's mighty princes. And I was strengthened as the hand of the LORD my God [was] upon me, and I gathered together out of Israel chief men to go up with me.
Nehemiah 2:7-9 Moreover I said unto the king, If it please the king, let letters be given me to the governors beyond the river, that they may convey me over till I come into Judah; ... Then I came to the governors beyond the river, and gave them the king's letters. Now the king had sent captains of the army and horsemen with me.
Revelation 21:24 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.
Revelation 21:26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.

in my wrath:

Isaiah 12:1 And in that day thou shalt say, O LORD, I will praise thee: though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortedst me.
Isaiah 54:7-8 For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee. ... In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer.
Isaiah 57:17-18 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: I hid me, and was wroth, and he went on frowardly in the way of his heart. ... I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners.
Psalms 30:5 For his anger [endureth but] a moment; in his favour [is] life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy [cometh] in the morning.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ezr 6:3; 7:12. Ne 2:7. Ps 30:5. Is 12:1; 49:23; 54:7; 57:17; 60:3; 61:5; 66:21. Zc 6:15. Rv 21:24, 26.

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