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Isaiah 6:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if there be yet a tenth in it, it also shall in turn be eaten up: as a terebinth, and as an oak, whose stock remaineth, when they are felled; so the holy seed is the stock thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But yet in it [shall be] a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Yet there will be a tenth portion in it, And it will again be [subject] to burning, Like a terebinth or an oak Whose stump remains when it is felled. The holy seed is its stump.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But yet in it [shall be] a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil-tree, and as an oak whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves]: [so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance of it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But a tenth part shall still be therein, and it shall return and be eaten; as the terebinth and as the oak whose trunk [remaineth] after the felling: the holy seed shall be the trunk thereof.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yet still, shall there be in it a tenth, Though it again, be consumed,—Like an oak and like a terebinth, Which, when felled, have a stock in them, A holy seed, shall be the stock thereof.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And yet in it a tenth, and it hath turned, And hath been for a burning, As a teil-tree, and as an oak, that in falling, Have substance in them, The holy seed [is] its substance!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And there shall be still a tithing therein, and she shall turn, and shall be made a show as a turpentine tree, and as an oak that spreadeth its branches: that which shall stand therein, shall be a holy seed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But yet in it [shalbe] a tenth, and it shall returne, and shall be eaten: as a Teyle tree, and as an Oke whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaues: so] the holy seede [shall be] the substance thereof.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And yet there shall be a tenth upon it, and again it shall be for a spoil, as a turpentine tree, and as an acorn when it falls out of its husk.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But yet in it [shall be] a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance thereof.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But yet x5750
(5750) Complement
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
in it [shall be] a tenth, 6224
{6224} Prime
From H6235; tenth; by abbreviation tenth month or (feminine) part.
and [it] shall return, 7725
{7725} Prime
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
eaten: 1197
{1197} Prime
A primitive root; to kindle, that is, consume (by fire or by eating); also (as denominative from H1198) to be (become) brutish.
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
as a teil tree, 424
{0424} Prime
Feminine of H0352; an oak or other strong tree.
and as an oak, 437
{0437} Prime
A variation of H0436.
whose x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
substance 4678
{4678} Prime
From H5324; something stationary, that is, a monumental stone; also the stock of a tree.
[is] in them, when they cast 7995
{7995} Prime
From H7993; a felling (of trees).
[their leaves: so] the holy 6944
{6944} Prime
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
seed 2233
{2233} Prime
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
[shall be] the substance 4678
{4678} Prime
From H5324; something stationary, that is, a monumental stone; also the stock of a tree.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 6:13

_ _ and it shall return, and ... be eaten — Rather, “but it shall be again given over to be consumed”: if even a tenth survive the first destruction, it shall be destroyed by a second (Isaiah 5:25; Ezekiel 5:1-5, Ezekiel 5:12), [Maurer and Horsley]. In English Version, “return” refers to the poor remnant left in the land at the Babylonish captivity (2 Kings 24:14; 2 Kings 25:12), which afterwards fled to Egypt in fear (2 Kings 25:26), and subsequently returned thence along with others who had fled to Moab and Edom (Jeremiah 40:11, Jeremiah 40:12), and suffered under further divine judgments.

_ _ tell — rather, “terebinth” or “turpentine tree” (Isaiah 1:29).

_ _ substance ... when ... cast ... leaves — rather, “As a terebinth or oak in which, when they are cast down (not ‘cast their leaves,’ Job 14:7), the trunk or stock remains, so the holy seed (Ezra 9:2) shall be the stock of that land.” The seeds of vitality still exist in both the land and the scattered people of Judea, waiting for the returning spring of God’s favor (Romans 11:5, Romans 11:23-29). According to Isaiah, not all Israel, but the elect remnant alone, is destined to salvation. God shows unchangeable severity towards sin, but covenant faithfulness in preserving a remnant, and to it Isaiah bequeaths the prophetic legacy of the second part of his book (the fortieth through sixty-sixth chapters).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 6:9-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 6:13

A tenth — A small remnant reserved, that number being put indefinitely. Return — Out of the Babylonish captivity, into their own land. Eaten — That remnant shall be devoured a second time, by the kings of Syria, and afterwards by the Romans. Yet — Yet there shall be another remnant, not such an one as that which came out of Babylon, but an holy seed, who shall afterwards look upon him whom they have pierced, and mourn over him. When — Who when their leaves are cast in winter, have a substance within themselves, a vital principle, which preserves life in the root of the tree, and in due time sends it forth into all the branches. The support — Of the land or people, which, were it not for the sake of these, should be finally rooted out.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 6:13

But yet in it [shall be] (q) a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, (r) and as an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance of it.

(q) Meaning, the tenth part: or as some write, it was revealed to Isaiah for the confirmation of his prophecy that ten kings would come before their captivity, as were from Uzziah to Zedekiah.

(r) For the fewness of them they will seem to be eaten up: yet they will later flourish as a tree, which in winter loses leaves, and seems to be dead, yet in summer is fresh and green.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
But yet:

Isaiah 1:9 Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, [and] we should have been like unto Gomorrah.
Isaiah 4:3 And it shall come to pass, [that he that is] left in Zion, and [he that] remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, [even] every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem:
Isaiah 10:20-22 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. ... For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, [yet] a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness.
Matthew 24:22 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened.
Mark 13:20 And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect's sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days.
Romans 11:5-6 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. ... And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
Romans 11:16-29 For if the firstfruit [be] holy, the lump [is] also [holy]: and if the root [be] holy, so [are] the branches. ... For the gifts and calling of God [are] without repentance.

and it shall return:
etc. or, when it is returned, and hath been broused

teil tree:
The teil-tree is the linden or lime-tree, a species very common in Palestine; the leaf of which resembles that of the laurel, and its flower that of the olive. But the original ailah which our translators render the oak (but here distinguished from allon the oak), and Bp. Lowth the ilex in
Isaiah 1:29-30 For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen. ... For ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.
, probably denotes, as Celsius contends, the terebintḣ It is an evergreen of moderate size, but having the top and branches large in proportion to the trunk; leaves, like those of the olive, but green intermixed with red and purple; flowers, like those of the vine, growing in bunches, and purple; fruit, of a ruddy purple, the size of a juniper berry, hanging in clusters, very juicy, and containing a single seed of the size of a grape stone; wood, hard and fibrous, from which a resin distils; with an excresence scattered among the leaves, of the size of a chestnut, of a purple colour, variegated with green and white.

or, stock, or stem,
Job 14:7-9 For there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch thereof will not cease. ... [Yet] through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs like a plant.

so the holy:

Isaiah 65:8-9 Thus saith the LORD, As the new wine is found in the cluster, and [one] saith, Destroy it not; for a blessing [is] in it: so will I do for my servants' sakes, that I may not destroy them all. ... And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains: and mine elect shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.
Genesis 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
Ezra 9:2 For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of [those] lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.
Malachi 2:15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
John 15:1-3 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. ... Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.
Romans 9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
Romans 11:5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.
Romans 11:24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural [branches], be graffed into their own olive tree?
Galatians 3:16-19 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. ... Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Galatians 3:28-29 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. ... And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
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Gn 22:18. Ezr 9:2. Jb 14:7. Is 1:9, 29; 4:3; 10:20; 65:8. Mal 2:15. Mt 24:22. Mk 13:20. Jn 15:1. Ro 9:5; 11:5, 16, 24. Ga 3:16, 28.

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