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Isaiah 59:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a mantle.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He put on righteousness like a breastplate, And a helmet of salvation on His head; And He put on garments of vengeance for clothing And wrapped Himself with zeal as a mantle.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For he put on righteousness as a breast-plate, and a helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloak.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he put on, Righteousness, as a coat of mail, And a helmet of victory upon his head,—And he put on the garments of avenging, for clothing, And wrapped about him, as a cloak-jealousy!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He putteth on righteousness as a breastplate, And an helmet of salvation on His head, And He putteth on garments of vengeance [for] clothing, And is covered, as [with] an upper-robe, [with] zeal.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He put on justice as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation upon his head: he put on the garments of vengeance, and was clad with zeal as with a cloak.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For he put on righteousnesse as a brestplate, and an helmet of saluation vpon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeale as a cloake.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he put on righteousness as a breast-plate, and placed the helmet of salvation on his head; and he clothed himself with the garment of vengeance, and with his cloak,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For he put on 3847
{3847} Prime
לָבַשׁ
labash
{law-bash'}
A primitive root; properly wrap around, that is, (by implication) to put on a garment or clothe (oneself, or another), literally or figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
righteousness 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
as a breastplate, 8302
{8302} Prime
שִׁרְיוֹן
shiryown
{shir-yone'}
From H8281 in the original sense of turning; a corslet (as if twisted).
and an helmet 3553
{3553} Prime
כּוֹבַע
kowba`
{ko'-bah}
From an unused root meaning to be high or rounded; a helmet (as arched).
of salvation 3444
{3444} Prime
יְשׁוּעָה
y@shuw`ah
{yesh-oo'-aw}
Feminine passive participle of H3467; something saved, that is, (abstractly) deliverance; hence aid, victory, prosperity.
upon his head; 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
and he put on 3847
{3847} Prime
לָבַשׁ
labash
{law-bash'}
A primitive root; properly wrap around, that is, (by implication) to put on a garment or clothe (oneself, or another), literally or figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the garments 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
of vengeance 5359
{5359} Prime
נָקָם
naqam
{naw-kawm'}
From H5358; revenge.
[for] clothing, 8516
{8516} Prime
תִּלְבֹּשֶׁת
talbosheth
{tal-bo'-sheth}
From H3847; a garment.
and was clad 5844
{5844} Prime
עָטָה
`atah
{aw-taw'}
A primitive root; to wrap, that is, cover, veil, clothe or roll.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with zeal 7068
{7068} Prime
קִנְאָה
qin'ah
{kin-aw'}
From H7065; jealousy or envy.
as a cloke. 4598
{4598} Prime
מְעִיל
m@`iyl
{meh-eel'}
From H4603 in the sense of covering; a robe (that is, upper and outer garment).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 59:17

_ _ Messiah is represented as a warrior armed at all points, going forth to vindicate His people. Owing to the unity of Christ and His people, their armor is like His, except that they have no “garments of vengeance” (which is God’s prerogative, Romans 12:19), or “cloak of zeal” (in the sense of judicial fury punishing the wicked; this zeal belongs properly to God, 2 Kings 10:16; Romans 10:2; Philippians 3:6; “zeal,” in the sense of anxiety for the Lord’s honor, they have, Numbers 25:11, Numbers 25:13; Psalms 69:9; 2 Corinthians 7:11; 2 Corinthians 9:2); and for “salvation,” which is of God alone (Psalms 3:8), they have as their helmet, “the hope of salvation” (1 Thessalonians 5:8). The “helmet of salvation” is attributed to them (Ephesians 6:14, Ephesians 6:17) in a secondary sense; namely, derived from Him, and as yet only in hope, not fruition (Romans 8:24). The second coming here, as often, is included in this representation of Messiah. His “zeal” (John 2:15-17) at His first coming was but a type of His zeal and vengeance against the foes of God at His second coming (2 Thessalonians 1:8-10; Revelation 19:11-21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 59:16-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 59:17

For — God, resolving to appear as a man of war, puts on his arms; he calls righteousness his breast — plate, to shew the justness of his cause, as also his faithfulness in making good his promises. Vengeance — Or garments made of vengeance: as God is said to put on the former for their sakes, whom he would preserve, so he puts on these for their sakes, whom he will destroy, namely, his peoples enemies. Zeal — For his own honour, and for his own people. The sum of all these expressions is, to describe both the cause and effect together; the cause was righteousness and zeal in God, the effect, salvation to his people, and vengeance on his enemies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 59:17

For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an (q) helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.

(q) Signifying that God has all means at hand to deliver his Church and to punish their enemies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he put on righteousness:

Isaiah 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
Isaiah 51:9 Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. [Art] thou not it that hath cut Rahab, [and] wounded the dragon?
Job 29:14 I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment [was] as a robe and a diadem.
Romans 13:12-14 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. ... But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
2 Corinthians 6:7 By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,
Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
Ephesians 6:17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

the garments:

Deuteronomy 32:35-43 To me [belongeth] vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in [due] time: for the day of their calamity [is] at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste. ... Rejoice, O ye nations, [with] his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, [and] to his people.
Psalms 94:1 O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.
2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that hath said, Vengeance [belongeth] unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

with zeal:

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 63:15 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where [is] thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?
Psalms 69:9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
Zechariah 1:14 So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy.
John 2:17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:35. Jb 29:14. Ps 69:9; 94:1. Is 9:7; 11:5; 51:9; 63:15. Zc 1:14. Jn 2:17. Ro 13:12. 2Co 6:7. Ep 6:14, 17. 1Th 5:8. 2Th 1:8. He 10:30. Rv 19:11.

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in terms of the GARMENTS of vengeance..
the hebrew word also can mean such things as deceit and treachery..perhaps this connects with proverbs 25 where it says that the glory of god is to conceal a thing and then connect perhaps the day of vengeance with the day of salvation ..hmmmm
- josh3 (11/21/2014 6:01:14 AM)
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