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Isaiah 59:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Yea, truth is lacking; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey. And Jehovah saw it, and it displeased him that there was no justice.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Yea, truth faileth; and he [that] departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the LORD saw [it], and it displeased him that [there was] no judgment.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Yes, truth is lacking; And he who turns aside from evil makes himself a prey. Now the LORD saw, And it was displeasing in His sight that there was no justice.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Yes, truth faileth; and he [that] departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the LORD saw [it], and it displeased him that [there was] no judgment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And truth faileth; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey. And Jehovah saw [it], and it was evil in his sight that there was no judgment.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the truth, hath been, found missing, And he that hath turned away from wrong is liable to be despoiled, And, when Yahweh, looked, Then was it grievous in his eyes, that there was no, justice:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the truth is lacking, And whoso is turning aside from evil, Is making himself a spoil. And Jehovah seeth, and it is evil in His eyes, That there is no judgment.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And truth hath been forgotten: and he that departed from evil, lay open to be a prey: and the Lord saw, and it appeared evil in his eyes, because there is no judgment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yea truth faileth, and he that departeth from euill maketh himselfe a pray: and the LORD saw it, and it displeased him, that [there was] no iudgement.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And truth has been taken away, and they have turned aside [their] mind from understanding. And the Lord saw it, and it pleased him not that there was no judgment.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yea, truth faileth; and he [that] departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and Yahweh saw [it], and it displeased him that [there was] no judgment.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yea, truth 571
{0571} Prime
אֱמֶת
'emeth
{eh'-meth}
Contracted from H0539; stability; figuratively certainty, truth, trustworthiness.
faileth; 5737
{5737} Prime
עָדַר
`adar
{aw-dar'}
A primitive root; to arrange, as a battle, a vineyard (to hoe); hence to muster, and so to miss (or find wanting).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
and he [that] departeth 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
maketh himself a prey: 7997
{7997} Prime
שָׁלַל
shalal
{shaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to drop or strip; by implication to plunder.
z8711
<8711> Grammar
Stem - Hithpolel (See H8824)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 11
and Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[it], and it displeased 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
y3415
[3415] Standard
יָרַע
yara`
{yaw-rah'}
A primitive root; properly to be broken up (with any violent action), that is, (figuratively) to fear.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x7489
(7489) Complement
רָעַע
ra`a`
{raw-ah'}
A primitive root; properly to spoil (literally by breaking to pieces); figuratively to make (or be) good for nothing, that is, bad (physically, socially or morally). (associate selves and show self friendly are by mistake for H7462.).
him that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
[there was] no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
judgment. 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 59:15

_ _ faileth — is not to be found.

_ _ he that departeth ... prey — He that will not fall in with the prevailing iniquity exposes himself as a prey to the wicked (Psalms 10:8, Psalms 10:9).

_ _ Lord saw it — The iniquity of Israel, so desperate as to require nothing short of Jehovah’s interposition to mend it, typifies the same necessity for a Divine Mediator existing in the deep corruption of man; Israel, the model nation, was chosen to illustrate his awful fact.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 59:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 59:15

Faileth — All things are amiss, neither judgment or justice, or truth, is to be found among us. A prey — Or, as some render it, is accounted mad, is laughed at. Josephus tells us, that immediately before the destruction of Jerusalem, it was matter of scorn to be religions. The translators reach the meaning of the word by prey: the wicked, like wild beasts, endeavouring to devour such as are not as bad as themselves: where wickedness rules, innocency is oppressed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 59:15

Yea, truth faileth; and he [that] departeth from evil maketh himself (n) a prey: and the LORD saw [it], and it displeased him that [there was] no judgment.

(n) The wicked will destroy him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
truth:

Isaiah 48:1 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, [but] not in truth, nor in righteousness.
Psalms 5:9 For [there is] no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part [is] very wickedness; their throat [is] an open sepulchre; they flatter with their tongue.
Psalms 12:1-2 [[To the chief Musician upon Sheminith, A Psalm of David.]] Help, LORD; for the godly man ceaseth; for the faithful fail from among the children of men. ... They speak vanity every one with his neighbour: [with] flattering lips [and] with a double heart do they speak.
Jeremiah 5:1-2 Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be [any] that executeth judgment, that seeketh the truth; and I will pardon it. ... And though they say, The LORD liveth; surely they swear falsely.
Jeremiah 7:28 But thou shalt say unto them, This [is] a nation that obeyeth not the voice of the LORD their God, nor receiveth correction: truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth.
Hosea 4:1-2 Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because [there is] no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land. ... By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
Micah 7:2 The good [man] is perished out of the earth: and [there is] none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net.

he that:

Habakkuk 1:13-14 [Thou art] of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity: wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal treacherously, [and] holdest thy tongue when the wicked devoureth [the man that is] more righteous than he? ... And makest men as the fishes of the sea, as the creeping things, [that have] no ruler over them?
Acts 9:1 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,
Acts 9:23 And after that many days were fulfilled, the Jews took counsel to kill him:
Romans 8:36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
Hebrews 11:36-38 And others had trial of [cruel] mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment: ... (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and [in] mountains, and [in] dens and caves of the earth.
1 John 3:11-12 For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another. ... Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

maketh himself a prey:
or, is accounted mad,
2 Kings 9:11 Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord: and [one] said unto him, [Is] all well? wherefore came this mad [fellow] to thee? And he said unto them, Ye know the man, and his communication.
Jeremiah 29:26 The LORD hath made thee priest in the stead of Jehoiada the priest, that ye should be officers in the house of the LORD, for every man [that is] mad, and maketh himself a prophet, that thou shouldest put him in prison, and in the stocks.
Hosea 9:7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know [it]: the prophet [is] a fool, the spiritual man [is] mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
Mark 3:21 And when his friends heard [of it], they went out to lay hold on him: for they said, He is beside himself.
John 8:52 Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death.
John 10:20 And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him?
Acts 26:24 And as he thus spake for himself, Festus said with a loud voice, Paul, thou art beside thyself; much learning doth make thee mad.
2 Corinthians 5:13 For whether we be beside ourselves, [it is] to God: or whether we be sober, [it is] for your cause.

displeased him:
Heb. was evil in his eyes,
Genesis 38:10 And the thing which he did displeased the LORD: wherefore he slew him also.
2 Samuel 11:27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.
2 Chronicles 21:7 Howbeit the LORD would not destroy the house of David, because of the covenant that he had made with David, and as he promised to give a light to him and to his sons for ever.
*marg.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 38:10. 2S 11:27. 2K 9:11. 2Ch 21:7. Ps 5:9; 12:1. Is 48:1. Jr 5:1; 7:28; 29:26. Ho 4:1; 9:7. Mi 7:2. Hab 1:13. Mk 3:21. Jn 8:52; 10:20. Ac 9:1, 23; 26:24. Ro 8:36. 2Co 5:13. He 11:36. 1Jn 3:11.

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