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Isaiah 58:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Is it not to divide your bread with the hungry And bring the homeless poor into the house; When you see the naked, to cover him; And not to hide yourself from your own flesh?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou shouldst bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou shouldst cover him; and that thou shouldst not hide thyself from thy own flesh?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring to thy house the needy wanderers; when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Is it not to break, unto the hungry, thy bread, And, the thrust-out oppressed, that thou bring into a home,—When thou seest one naked, that thou cover him, And, from thine own flesh, shalt not hide thyself?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Is it not to deal to the hungry thy bread, And the mourning poor bring home, That thou seest the naked and cover him, And from thine own flesh hide not thyself?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Deal thy bread to the hungry, and bring the needy and the harbourless into thy house: when thou shalt see one naked, cover him, and despise not thy own flesh.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Is it not, to deale thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poore that are cast out, to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou couer him, and that thou hide not thy selfe from thine owne flesh?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Break thy bread to the hungry, and lead the unsheltered poor to thy house: if thou seest one naked, clothe [him], and thou shalt not disregard the relations of thine own seed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Is it] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
to deal 6536
{6536} Prime
פָּרַס
parac
{paw-ras'}
A primitive root; to break in pieces, that is, (usually without violence) to split, distribute.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
thy bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
to the hungry, 7457
{7457} Prime
רָעֵב
ra`eb
{raw-abe'}
From H7456; hungry (more or less intensely).
and that thou bring 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the poor 6041
{6041} Prime
עָנִי
`aniy
{aw-nee'}
From H6031; depressed, in mind or circumstances (practically the same as H6035 subjectively and H6041 objectively).
that are cast out 4788
{4788} Prime
מָרוּד
maruwd
{maw-rood'}
From H7300 in the sense of maltreatment; an outcast; (abstractly) destitution.
to thy house? 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
when x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou seest 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the naked, 6174
{6174} Prime
עָרוֹם
`arowm
{aw-rome'}
From H6191 (in its original sense); nude, either partially or totally.
that thou cover 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
him; and that thou hide y5956
[5956] Standard
עָלַם
`alam
{aw-lam'}
A primitive root; to veil from sight, that is, conceal (literally or figuratively).
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
not thyself x5956
(5956) Complement
עָלַם
`alam
{aw-lam'}
A primitive root; to veil from sight, that is, conceal (literally or figuratively).
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
from thine own flesh? 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 58:7

_ _ deal — distribute (Job 31:16-21).

_ _ cast out — rather, reduced [Horsley].

_ _ naked ... cover him — (Matthew 25:36).

_ _ hide ... thyself — means to be strange towards them, and not to relieve them in their poverty (Matthew 15:5).

_ _ flesh — kindred (Genesis 29:14). Also brethren in common descent from Adam, and brethren in Christ (James 2:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 58:3-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 58:7

Cast out — And thereby become wanderers, having no abiding place. To thy house — That thou be hospitable, and make thy house a shelter to them that have none of their own left. Hide not — That seek no occasion to excuse thyself. Thy own flesh — Some confine this to our own kindred; but we can look on no man, but there we contemplate our own flesh, and therefore it is barbarous, not only to tear, but not to love and succour him. Therefore feed him as thou wouldest feed thyself, or be fed; shelter him as thou wouldest shelter thyself, or be sheltered; clothe him as thou wouldest clothe thyself, or be clothed; if in any of these respects thou wert in his circumstances.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 58:7

[Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou shouldest bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou shouldest cover him; and that thou shouldest not hide thyself from (g) thy own flesh?

(g) For in him you see yourself as in a mirror.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to deal:

Isaiah 58:10 And [if] thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noonday:
Job 22:7 Thou hast not given water to the weary to drink, and thou hast withholden bread from the hungry.
Job 31:18-21 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as [with] a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;) ... If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:
Psalms 112:9 He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Proverbs 22:9 He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.
Proverbs 25:21 If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink:
Proverbs 28:27 He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse.
Ecclesiastes 11:1-2 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days. ... Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.
Ezekiel 18:7 And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
Ezekiel 18:16 Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withholden the pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, [but] hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: ... And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore [him] fourfold.
Romans 12:20-21 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. ... Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
2 Corinthians 9:6-10 But this [I say], He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. ... Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for [your] food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
Philemon 1:7 For we have great joy and consolation in thy love, because the bowels of the saints are refreshed by thee, brother.
James 2:15-16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, ... And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?
1 John 3:17-18 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? ... My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.

bring:

Isaiah 16:3-4 Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth. ... Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land.
Genesis 18:2-5 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground, ... And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.
Genesis 19:2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.
Judges 19:20-21 And the old man said, Peace [be] with thee; howsoever [let] all thy wants [lie] upon me; only lodge not in the street. ... So he brought him into his house, and gave provender unto the asses: and they washed their feet, and did eat and drink.
Acts 16:15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought [us], saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide [there]. And she constrained us.
Acts 16:34 And when he had brought them into his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house.
Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.
Hebrews 13:2-3 Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. ... Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; [and] them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body.

cast out:
or, afflicted

the naked:

2 Chronicles 28:15 And the men which were expressed by name rose up, and took the captives, and with the spoil clothed all that were naked among them, and arrayed them, and shod them, and gave them to eat and to drink, and anointed them, and carried all the feeble of them upon asses, and brought them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to their brethren: then they returned to Samaria.
Job 31:19-20 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering; ... If his loins have not blessed me, and [if] he were [not] warmed with the fleece of my sheep;
Ezekiel 18:7 And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
Matthew 25:35-45 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: ... Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did [it] not to one of the least of these, ye did [it] not to me.
Luke 3:11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.

thine own:

Genesis 19:14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.
Judges 9:2 Speak, I pray you, in the ears of all the men of Shechem, Whether [is] better for you, either that all the sons of Jerubbaal, [which are] threescore and ten persons, reign over you, or that one reign over you? remember also that I [am] your bone and your flesh.
Nehemiah 5:5 Yet now our flesh [is] as the flesh of our brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and [some] of our daughters are brought unto bondage [already]: neither [is it] in our power [to redeem them]; for other men have our lands and vineyards.
Luke 10:26-36 He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? ... Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves?
1 John 3:17 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 18:2; 19:2, 14. Jg 9:2; 19:20. 2Ch 28:15. Ne 5:5. Jb 22:7; 31:18, 19. Ps 112:9. Pv 22:9; 25:21; 28:27. Ec 11:1. Is 16:3; 58:10. Ezk 18:7, 16. Dn 4:27. Mt 25:35. Lk 3:11; 10:26; 11:41; 19:8. Ac 16:15, 34. Ro 12:13, 20. 2Co 9:6. 1Ti 5:10. Phm 1:7. He 13:2. Jm 2:15. 1Jn 3:17.

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