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Isaiah 58:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Is not this the fast that I have chosen: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the bands of the yoke, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Is this not the fast which I choose, To loosen the bonds of wickedness, To undo the bands of the yoke, And to let the oppressed go free And break every yoke?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Is not this the fast which I have chosen: to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the thongs of the yoke, and to send forth free the crushed, and that ye break every yoke?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Is not, this, the fast that I must ever choose—To unbind the tight cords of lawlessness, To unloose the bands of the yoke,—and, To let the crushed go free, and, That, every yoke, ye tear off?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Is not this the fast that I chose—To loose the bands of wickedness, To shake off the burdens of the yoke, And to send out the oppressed free, And every yoke ye draw off?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Is not this rather the fast that I have chosen? loose the bands of wickedness, undo the bundles that oppress, let them that are broken go free, and break asunder every burden.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Is not this the fast that I haue chosen? to loose the bandes of wickednesse, to vndoe the heauie burdens, and to let the oppressed goe free, and that ye breake euery yoke?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I have not chosen such a fast, saith the Lord; but do thou loose every burden of iniquity, do thou untie the knots of hard bargains, set the bruised free, and cancel every unjust account.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Is] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
the fast 6685
{6685} Prime
צוֹם
tsowm
{tsome}
From H6684; a fast.
that I have chosen? 977
{0977} Prime
בָּחַר
bachar
{baw-khar'}
A primitive root; properly to try, that is, (by implication) select.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to loose 6605
{6605} Prime
פָּתַח
pathach
{paw-thakh'}
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
the bands 2784
{2784} Prime
חַרְצֻבָּה
chartsubbah
{khar-tsoob-baw'}
Of uncertain derivation; a fetter; figuratively a pain.
of wickedness, 7562
{7562} Prime
רֶשַׁע
resha`
{reh'-shah}
From H7561; a wrong (especially moral).
to undo 5425
{5425} Prime
נָתַר
nathar
{naw-thar'}
A primitive root; to jump, that is, be violently agitated; causatively, to terrify, shake off, untie.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
the heavy 4133
{4133} Prime
מוֹטָה
mowtah
{mo-taw'}
Feminine of H4132; a pole; by implication an ox bow; hence a yoke (either literally or figuratively).
burdens, 92
{0092} Prime
אֲגֻדָּה
'aguddah
{ag-ood-daw'}
Feminine passive participle of an unused root (meaning to bind); a band, bundle, knot, or arch.
and to let the oppressed 7533
{7533} Prime
רָצַץ
ratsats
{raw-tsats'}
A primitive root; to crack in pieces, literally or figuratively.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
go 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
free, 2670
{2670} Prime
חָפְשִׁי
chophshiy
{khof-shee'}
From H2666; exempt (from bondage, tax or care).
and that ye break 5423
{5423} Prime
נָתַק
nathaq
{naw-thak'}
A primitive root; to tear off.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
yoke? 4133
{4133} Prime
מוֹטָה
mowtah
{mo-taw'}
Feminine of H4132; a pole; by implication an ox bow; hence a yoke (either literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 58:6

_ _ loose ... bands of wickedness — that is, to dissolve every tie wherewith one has unjustly bound his fellow men (Leviticus 25:49, etc.). Servitude, a fraudulent contract, etc.

_ _ undo ... heavy burdensHebrew, “loose the bands of the yoke.”

_ _ oppressed — literally, “the broken.” The expression, “to let go free,” implies that those “broken” with the yoke of slavery, are meant (Nehemiah 5:10-12; Jeremiah 34:9-11, Jeremiah 34:14, Jeremiah 34:16). Jerome interprets it, broken with poverty; bankrupt.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 58:3-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 58:6

The bands — The cruel obligations of usury and oppression.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 58:6

[Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every (f) yoke?

(f) That you leave off all your extortions.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to loose:

Nehemiah 5:10-12 I likewise, [and] my brethren, and my servants, might exact of them money and corn: I pray you, let us leave off this usury. ... Then said they, We will restore [them], and will require nothing of them; so will we do as thou sayest. Then I called the priests, and took an oath of them, that they should do according to this promise.
Jeremiah 34:8-11 [This is] the word that came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, after that the king Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people which [were] at Jerusalem, to proclaim liberty unto them; ... But afterward they turned, and caused the servants and the handmaids, whom they had let go free, to return, and brought them into subjection for servants and for handmaids.
Micah 3:2-4 Who hate the good, and love the evil; who pluck off their skin from off them, and their flesh from off their bones; ... Then shall they cry unto the LORD, but he will not hear them: he will even hide his face from them at that time, as they have behaved themselves ill in their doings.

heavy burdens:
Heb. bundles of the yoke

oppressed:
Heb. broken. ye break.
1 Timothy 6:1 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honour, that the name of God and [his] doctrine be not blasphemed.
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Ne 5:10. Jr 34:8. Mi 3:2. 1Ti 6:1.

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