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Isaiah 58:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul: then shall thy light rise in darkness, and thine obscurity be as the noonday;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And [if] thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noonday:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And if you give yourself to the hungry And satisfy the desire of the afflicted, Then your light will rise in darkness And your gloom [will become] like midday.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And [if] thou shalt draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noon day:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and thou proffer thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul: then shall thy light rise in the darkness, and thine obscurity be as midday;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And shalt let thine own soul, go out to the hungry, And, the soul of the oppressed, thou shalt satisfy, Then shall break forth, in darkness, thy light, And, thy thick darkness, [become] as the splendour of noon;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And dost bring out to the hungry thy soul, And the afflicted soul dost satisfy, Then risen in the darkness hath thy light, And thy thick darkness [is] as noon.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— When thou shalt pour out thy soul to the hungry, and shalt satisfy the afflicted soul, then shall thy light rise up in darkness, and thy darkness shall be as the noonday.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And [if] thou draw out thy soule to the hungry, and satisfie the afflicted soule: then shall thy light rise in obscuritie, and thy darkenesse be as the noone day.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and [if] thou give bread to the hungry from thy heart, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light spring up in darkness, and thy darkness [shall be] as noon-day:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And [if] thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noonday:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And [if] thou draw out 6329
{6329} Prime
פּוּק
puwq
{pook}
A primitive root (rather identical with H6328 through the idea of dropping out; compare H5312); to issue, that is, furnish; causatively to secure; figuratively to succeed.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
thy soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
to the hungry, 7457
{7457} Prime
רָעֵב
ra`eb
{raw-abe'}
From H7456; hungry (more or less intensely).
and satisfy 7646
{7646} Prime
שָׂבַע
saba`
{saw-bah'}
A primitive root; to sate, that is, fill to satisfaction (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the afflicted 6031
{6031} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
soul; 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
then shall thy light 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
rise 2224
{2224} Prime
זָרַח
zarach
{zaw-rakh'}
A primitive root; properly to irradiate (or shoot forth beams), that is, to rise (as the sun); specifically to appear (as a symptom of leprosy).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in obscurity, 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
and thy darkness 653
{0653} Prime
אֲפֵלָה
'aphelah
{af-ay-law'}
Feminine of H0651; duskiness, figuratively misfortune; concretely concealment.
[be] as the noonday: 6672
{6672} Prime
צֹהַר
tsohar
{tso'-har}
From H6671; a light (that is, window); dual double light, that is, noon.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 58:10

_ _ draw out thy soul — “impart of thine own subsistence,” or “sustenance” [Horsley]. “Soul” is figurative for “that wherewith thou sustainest thy soul,” or “life.”

_ _ light ... in obscurity — Calamities shall be suddenly succeeded by prosperity (Psalms 112:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 58:8-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 58:10

Draw out — Or, open, as when we open a store, to satisfy the wants of the needy. Thy soul — Thy affection, thy pity and compassion. Thy darkness — In the very darkness of the affliction itself thou shalt have comfort.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 58:10

And [if] thou shalt (l) draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in (m) obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noonday:

(l) That is, have compassion on their miseries.

(m) Your adversity will be turned into prosperity.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou draw:

Isaiah 58:7 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Deuteronomy 15:7-10 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: ... Thou shalt surely give him, and thine heart shall not be grieved when thou givest unto him: because that for this thing the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto.
Psalms 41:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
Psalms 112:5-9 A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion. ... He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Proverbs 11:24-25 There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and [there is] that withholdeth more than is meet, but [it tendeth] to poverty. ... The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Proverbs 28:27 He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse.
Luke 18:22 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.

thy soul:
Instead of naphshecha "thy soul," eleven manuscripts read lachmecha "thy bread," which is adopted by Bp. Lowth; but "to draw out the soul" in relieving the poor, probably means to do it not of constraint, but cheerfully.

then:

Isaiah 58:8 Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward.
Isaiah 29:18 And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness.
Job 11:17 And [thine] age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.
Psalms 37:6 And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 15:7. Jb 11:17. Ps 37:6; 41:1; 112:5. Pv 11:24; 14:31; 28:27. Is 29:18; 58:7, 8. Lk 18:22.

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